Crises, Conflict and Disability
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People with disabilities are among the most adversely affected during conflict situations or when natural disasters strike. They experience higher mortality rates, have fewer available resources and less access to help, especially in refugee camps, as well as in post-disaster environments. Already subject to severe discrimination in many societies, people with disabilities are often overlooked during emergency evacuation, relief, recovery and rebuilding efforts.
Countries party to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities must take all necessary measures to ensure the protection and safety of people with disabilities during situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies, and natural disasters. Such aid should be designed to support preparedness, response, recovery and rebuilding. This book includes perspectives from around the globe and explores the implications at the policy, programme, and personal level, discussing issues such as:
- How can national laws, policies, and regulations provide guidance, methods and strategies to integrate and coordinate inclusive emergency management?
- What should people with disabilities know in order to be prepared for emergency situations? What lessons have we learned from past experiences?
- What are the current shortfalls (physical and cultural) that put people with disabilities at risk during emergencies and what can be done to improve these situations (e.g. through new technologies and disaster planning)?
- How does disability affect people’s experiences as refugees and other displaced situations; what programmes and best practices are in place to protect and promote their rights during their period of displacement?
- How must disabled people with disabilities be factored in to the resettlement and rebuilding process; does an opportunity for ensuring universal access exist in the rebuilding process?
- What is the impact of disasters and conflicts on such special populations as disabled women, disabled children, and those with intellectual disabilities?
Spotlighting a pressing issue that has long been neglected in emergency planning fields, this innovative book discusses how to meet the needs of people with disabilities in crises and conflict situations. It is an important reference for all those working in or researching disability and inclusion, and emergency and disaster management, both in developed and developing countries.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Overview 1. Introduction Valerie Karr and David Mitchell 2. Disability as a Cross-cutting Development Concern: the Work of the United Nations Akiko Ito 3. Article 11 of the CRPD: A Unique Provision Mary Crock, Naomi Hart and Ron McCallum 4. Mainstreaming Disability into the Humanitarian Responses Armando J. Vasquez Barrios 5. Bridging the Humanitarian-Disability Divide: From Gaps to Changes in Policy and Practice Dale Buscher, Sarah Costa, and Emma Pearce 6. A Rights-based Approach for People with Disabilities in Situations of Risk Ghulam Nabi Nizamani 7. Participatory Strategies for Raising the Preparedness of Persons with Disabilities During Crises, Conflict or Natural Disasters Babs Surujlal and Rolfe Gaede 8. Disabled Women Activists: Leading the Way toward Inclusive Emergency Response Susan Sygall 9. Protection of Children with Disabilities in Conflict and Disaster Settings Andrea Canepa 10. Excluded from a Health Crisis?: HIV/AIDS and People with Disabilities Poul Rohleder, Arne Henning Eide and Leslie Swartz Part 2: Disability and Disaster 11. Natural Hazards: Enhancing Disaster Preparedness and Resilience of People With Disabilities and Other Vulnerable Populations Badaoui Rouhban 12. Practical Strategies to Meet the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Disaster Management Initiatives Janet Njelesani, Shaun Cleaver and Myroslava Tataryn 13. Shelter for People with Disabilities: Habitat for Humanity Mike Meaney 14. Post-disaster Response and Reconstruction Jolanta Budny 15. The ERASE-STRESS Approach: A Teacher-delivered Universal School-based Programme for Dealing with the Aftermath of Disasters Rony Berger 16. ‘Getting Real’ – Promising Practices in Disability Inclusive Emergency Management for the Whole Community: A Case Study of the United States Marcie Roth 17. Developing Inclusive Emergency Management in Australia Susan Stork-Finlay 18. The Christchurch Earthquake: Preparedness, Response and Recovery Jill Mitchell 19. Disaster in Japan and its Painful Lessons: Can Survivors Speak? Nagase Osamu 20. Environmental Degradation and Disability: Mapping the Scattered Landscape of Research, Policy and Practice Mirella Schwinge & Michelle Proyer Part 3: Disability and Conflict 21. Getting Disability on the Post-Conflict Policy Agenda: the Role of a Disability Movement Rebecca Irvine 22. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities in Humanitarian Assistance Policy and Practice: the Need to Consider the Diversity within Disability Brigitte Rohwerder 23. A Situational Analysis of People with Disabilities: Navigating the Difficult Conditions of the Gaza Strip Khaled Abu Shueib 24. Understanding the Legacy of Sectarianism, Sanctions and Invasion in Iraq Alison Alborz and Susie Miles 25. The Forgotten People: Persons with Disability during the Israeli Lebanese War in 2006 Nawaf Kabbara and Jahda Abou Khalil 26. Settling Refugees with Disabilities in New Zealand Celia Brandon 27. Disability in Bangladesh: The Evolution of Programmes and Services Saima Hossain 28. Conclusion David Mitchell and Valerie Karr
David Mitchell is an Adjunct Professor in the College of Education at Canterbury University, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Valerie Karr is an Adjunct Professor at the University of New Hampshire, USA and serves as the Director of World Enabled.