This book considers the role journalism education plays in coping with a changing media landscape. It looks at how journalists can empower themselves in an effort to excel in an evolving environment and considers whether it suffices for them to master ‘pre-millennial’ basic skills or whether brand new competencies need to be incorporated.
Few dramatic qualifications are spared when discussing the changes that have shaken the news environment during the noughties. Digitization has both empowered and tried professional journalists through multimedia news production, media convergence and not least a maturing commercial internet. Moreover, digitization has also influenced, and been influenced by, other societal changes such as global financial tensions, evolving multicultural societies, and emerging democracies in search for a suitable journalistic paradigm. Indeed, the rather technological evolutions emphasized time and again, cannot be detached from a cultural setting. This is why an investigation in required competencies benefits from an explicit socio-cultural and cross-continental perspective. As this book tackles a varied set of ‘news ecosystems’, it is our hope to offer a nuanced view on what indeed seems to be a global fluidity in journalism practice.
Explicit emphasis is put on the role of journalism education as facilitator for, and even innovator in, required journalistic competencies. Time will tell whether or not ‘news ecosystems’ will again stabilize. This volume makes a number of concrete recommendations towards journalism training and discusses a number of case studies across several continents, illustrating how goals are attuned to a changed news environment. As this book links academic paradigms to concrete journalism practice and education, its reading is recommended both for practitioners and educators.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Journalism Practice.
Table of Contents
Preface Bob Franklin; 1. Introduction: Cross-continental views on journalistic skills in the digital age Leen d’Haenens, Michaël Opgenhaffen and Maarten Corten 2. Journalistic Tools of the Trade in Flanders: Is there a fit between journalism education and professional practice? Michaël Opgenhaffen, Leen d’Haenens and Maarten Corten 3. Beacons of Reliability: European journalism students and professionals on future qualifications for journalists Nico Drok 4. The Global Journalist in the Twenty-First Century: A cross-national study of journalistic competencies Lars Willnat, David H. Weaver and Jihyang Choi 5. Culture Clash: International media training and the difficult adoption of Western journalism practices among Indonesian radio journalists Nurhaya Muchtar and Thomas Hanitzsch 6. Investigative Journalism on Campus: The Australian experience Ian Richards and Beate Josephi 7. Beyond Skills Training: Six macro themes in South African journalism education Pieter J. Fourie
Leen d’Haenens is a Professor in Communication Science at the Institute for Media Studies, KU Leuven, Belgium, where she teaches Media and diversity, Western media policy, and Analysis of media texts. Her current research interests include cross-national news frame analyses of the Euro-crisis, Islam and Muslims, the study of commercial and public service broadcasters’ diversity potential, and the study of power relations and alliances with regard to issues relevant to the multicultural society in mainstream and online media (ethnic discussion forums, blogs) in North-Western Europe.
Michaël Opgenhaffen is an Assistant Professor at the Institute for Media Studies, KU Leuven, Belgium, and at the University of Leiden, The Netherlands. He teaches New media & society and Social media research in the master's programs in journalism. His research focuses on the use of social media in journalism practice, on the changing nature of journalism, and on the possible mismatches between journalism education and journalism practice.
Maarten Corten was a Teaching Assistant in Communication Science at the Institute for Media Studies, KU Leuven, Belgium, from 2010 till 2012. Together with Michaël Opgenhaffen and Leen d’Haenens he is the co-author of Nieuwsvaardig, een crossmediale competentiematrix voor journalisten (Leuven, 2011).