While President Emerita Johnnetta B. Cole is credited with propelling Spelman College (the oldest historically Black womens’ college) to national prominence, little is generally known about the strong academic foundation and legacy she inherited. Contrary to popular belief, the first four presidents of Spelman (including its two co-founders) were White women who led the early development of the College, armed with the belief that former slaves and free Black women should and could receive a college-level education. This book presents the history of Spelman’s foundation through the tenure of its fourth president, Florence M. Read, which ended in 1953. This compelling story is brought up to date by the contributions of Spelman’s current president, Beverly Daniel Tatum, and by Johnnetta B. Cole.The book chronicles how the vision each of these women presidents, and their response to changing social forces, both profoundly shaped Spelman’s curriculum and influenced the lives and minds of thousands of young Black women. The authors trace the evolution of Spelman from its beginning–when the founders, aware of the limited occupations open to its graduates, strove to uplift the Black race by providing an academic education to disenfranchised Black women while also providing training for available careers--to the fifties when the college became an exemplar of liberal arts education in the South.This book fills a void in the history of Black women in higher education. It will appeal to a wide readership interested in women’s studies, Black history and the history of higher education in general.
Foreword--Heir to the Legacy--Johnnetta B. Cole; 1 INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND. 1 The First Four Spelman Presidents--An Overview; The Role of the College Curriculum; Induction into Sisterhood. Spelman Culture and Expectations; 2 THE HIGHER EDUCATION OF BLACK WOMEN. History of the Undergraduate Curriculum; Historical Reasons for Educating White and Black Women; Curricular Differences between Women’s Colleges; 3 OUR WHOLE SCHOOL FOR CHRIST. The Packard & Giles Administrations (1881-1909); 4 NEW DIRECTIONS--TOWARD COLLEGIATE STATUS. The Lucy Hale Tapley Administration (1910--1927); 5 ONWARD & UPWARD. THE CREATION OF A LIBERAL ARTS INSTITUTION. The Florence Read Administration (1927--1953); 6 THE SOCIALIZATION OF SPELMAN STUDENTS. 7 CONCLUSION. Epilogue. The Spelman Legacy Lives On--Dr. Beverly Daniel Tatum.
"This text aptly details the remarkable accomplishment of Spelman’s founders. Watson and Gregory spin a tale of innovation and triumph while simultaneously adding to the scholarship of higher education.
Through an analysis of the curricular changes brought by each president, coupled with the important social and political context that surrounded those presidencies, this book presents a thoughtful discussion on the impact of a powerful woman’s vision on the lives of other women."
from the Foreword by Johnnetta B. Cole, President of Bennett College and seventh President of Spelman College