Democratic Consolidation in Turkey : Micro and macro challenges book cover
1st Edition

Democratic Consolidation in Turkey
Micro and macro challenges

ISBN 9781138320956
Published June 28, 2018 by Routledge
224 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

While Turkey has made major strides in democratic reforms in the late 1990s and early 2000s, progress has, in many ways, stalled. Turkey remains "democratic" in the sense that attaining political power depends upon winning votes, but in recent years its leadership has taken a majoritarian view of democracy and the country has faced problems on issues such as rule of law, freedom of speech, and increased polarization.

This book explores the understanding and practice of democracy in Turkey since the early 2000s, analyzing its evolution in light of the parliamentary elections held in 2015. Adopting a more holistic approach in line with the writing of Wolfgang Merkel, it recognizes that a successful, consolidated democracy has various micro and macro-level foundations. The former includes factors such as political values, tolerance, identity, and civil society, while the latter includes political economy, party competition, and institutional development.

Table of Contents

1: Conceptualizing Democratic Consolidation in Turkey

Cengiz Erisen and Paul Kubicek

Micro Foundations

2: Religiosity and Political Values in post-2000 Turkey

Birol Yeşilada Birol Yesilada and Peter Noordijk

3: Tolerance and Democratization in Turkey

Cengiz Erisen

4: Turkey’s Judicial Reforms and the Evolution of Public Confidence in Legal System

Yuksel Alper Ecevit Alper Ecevit

5: Media and Democracy in Turkey: An Analysis on the News Media Framing of Gezi Park Protests

Çağkan Sayın and Emre Toros 

Macro Foundations

6: Majoritarian Democracy in Turkey: Causes and Consequences

Paul Kubicek 

7: Problems of Rule of Law and Horizontal Accountability in Turkey: Defective Democracy or Competitive Authoritarianism?

Ergun Özbudun 

8: Opposition Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Turkey

Sabri Sayarı 

9: The Political Economy of Turkish Democracy

Ali Burak Güven 

10: Conclusion: Turkish Democracy in 2015 and Beyond

Paul Kubicek and Cengiz Erisen

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Cengiz Erisen is Associate Professor of Political Science at TOBB University of Economics and Technology. He has published work on comparative political behavior, political psychology, and Turkish politics.

Paul Kubicek is Professor of Political Science and Director of International Studies at Oakland University. He has written extensively on democratization in Eurasia and in Turkey, and is the editor of Turkish Studies.