While Turkey has made major strides in democratic reforms in the late 1990s and early 2000s, progress has, in many ways, stalled. Turkey remains "democratic" in the sense that attaining political power depends upon winning votes, but in recent years its leadership has taken a majoritarian view of democracy and the country has faced problems on issues such as rule of law, freedom of speech, and increased polarization.
This book explores the understanding and practice of democracy in Turkey since the early 2000s, analyzing its evolution in light of the parliamentary elections held in 2015. Adopting a more holistic approach in line with the writing of Wolfgang Merkel, it recognizes that a successful, consolidated democracy has various micro and macro-level foundations. The former includes factors such as political values, tolerance, identity, and civil society, while the latter includes political economy, party competition, and institutional development. This volume rejects purely descriptive assessments and instead employs theoretical perspectives to analyze a dynamic political environment. It brings together a range of noted specialists on Turkish politics and society, who employ different methodological approaches and frameworks to offer a distinct scholarly work on democratization in Turkey.
A thorough analysis of the problems of democratic consolidation, alongside an awareness of the theoretical and methodological debates in the discipline, make this book essential reading for students, scholars and policymakers interested in Turkish politics, as well as democratization and democratic transitions more generally.
Chapter 1: Conceptualizing Democratic Consolidation in Turkey Cengiz Erisen (TOBB University of Economics and Technology) and Paul Kubicek (Oakland University)
Chapter 2: Religiosity and Political Values in post-2000 Turkey Birol Yeşilada Birol Yesilada (Portland State University) and Peter Noordijk (Portland State University)
Chapter 3: Tolerance and Democratization in Turkey Cengiz Erisen (TOBB University of Economics and Technology)
Chapter 4: Turkey’s Judicial Reforms and the Evolution of Public Confidence in Legal System Yuksel Alper Ecevit Alper Ecevit (Bahçeşehir UniversityBahcesehir University)
Chapter 5: Media and Democracy in Turkey: An Analysis on the News Media Framing of Gezi Park Protests Çağkan Sayın Atılım University) and Emre Toros Emre Toros (Atılım University) and Cagkan Sayin (Atılım University)
Chapter 6: Majoritarian Democracy in Turkey: Causes and Consequences Paul Kubicek (Oakland University)
Chapter 7: Problems of Rule of Law and Horizontal Accountability in Turkey: Defective Democracy or Competitive Authoritarianism? Ergun Özbudun (İstanbul Şehir ÜniversitesiIstanbul Sehir University)
Chapter 8: Opposition Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Turkey Sabri Sayarı (Sabancı University & Bahçeşehir UniversityBahcesehir University)
Chapter 9: The Political Economy of Turkish Democracy Ali Burak Güven Ali Burak Guven (University of London, Birkbeck)
Chapter 10: Conclusion: Turkish Democracy in 2015 and Beyond Paul Kubicek (Oakland University) and Cengiz Erisen (TOBB University of Economics and Technology)
This series is concerned with recent political developments in the region. It will have a range of different approaches and include both single authored monographs and edited volumes covering issues such as international relations, foreign intervention, security, political Islam, democracy, ideology and public policy.