This volume provides an international perspective on educational dependency in considering both theories and actual developments throughout the world. Some less developed countries, in expanding their education systems, have emulated Western academic-style systems and have increased their dependence on Western models in various respects including examination validation. Others have deliberately avoided this path and have experimented with systems more ‘relevant’ to development, often in a radical way. At a theoretical level, Marxist and neo-Marxist development theorists argue that education systems dependent on the West are evidence of economic dependency and confirmation of Marxist development theories; while others argue that the evidence suggests an interdependent world and that dependency theories do not apply in education.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction: Dependence, Interdependence and Educational Development Keith Watson. Issues and Perspectives 2 Dependence and Interdependence in Education – An Overview James Porter 3 Educational Dependency – Two Lines of Enquiry Martin McLean 4 External and Internal Obstacles to Educational Development Keith Watson National and Regional Case Studies 5 Examination Reform and Educational Change in Sri Lanka, 1972-1982: Modernisation or Dependent Underdevelopment? Keith Lewin and Angela Little. 6 Dependence or Independence in Higher Education: Comments on the 1917 Calcutta University Commission J H Higginson Response and Commentary Homa Katouszian 7 Institutional Transfer and Educational Dependency: An Indian Case Study Neelu Sancheti 8 Dependency Perspectives On the Impact of Education on Family Livelihood Strategies in Rural Areas of Andean America Rosemary Preston. 9 Knowledge and Culture in the Middle East: Some Critical Reflections Barbara Meyer 10 The Meaning of Relevance in Education in Africa Jack Sislian 11 Dark Side of the Moon – A Study in the Context of Passing or Failing First Year Examinations by African Male Students in The University of Zimbabwe Ron Dicklinson 12 Dependence and Interdependence in The British Isles Nigel Grant 13 Educational Inequality of Children of Caribbean Background in Britain Peter Figueroa.