Design for the Changing Educational Landscape
Space, Place and the Future of Learning
The whole landscape of space use is undergoing a radical transformation. In the workplace a period of unprecedented change has created a mix of responses with one overriding outcome observable worldwide: the rise of distributed space. In the learning environment the social, political, economic and technological changes responsible for this shift have been further compounded by constantly developing theories of learning and teaching, and a wide acceptance of the importance of learning as the core of the community, resulting in the blending of all aspects of learning into one seamless experience.
This book attempts to look at all the forces driving the provision and pedagogic performance of the many spaces, real and virtual, that now accommodate the experience of learning and provide pointers towards the creation and design of learning-centred communities.
Part 1 looks at the entire learning universe as it now stands, tracks the way in which its constituent parts came to occupy their role, assesses how they have responded to a complex of drivers and gauges their success in dealing with renewed pressures to perform. It shows that what is required is innovation within the spaces and integration between them. Part 2 finds many examples of innovation in evidence across the world – in schools, the higher and further education campus and in business and cultural spaces – but an almost total absence of integration. Part 3 offers a model that redefines the learning landscape in terms of learning outcomes, mapping spatial requirements and activities into a detailed mechanism that will achieve the best outcome at the most appropriate scale.
By encouraging stakeholders to creating an events-based rather than space-based identity, the book hopes to point the way to a fully-integrated learning landscape: a learning community.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments Illustration Credits Introduction Part 1: Learning Space 1. The Learning Universe 1.1 Schools 1.2 Further and Higher Education 1.3 Business and Cultural Spaces 2. Driving Change 2.1 Technology 2.2 Learning theory 2.3 Policy 2.4 Events 3. Design Imperatives for a Changing Landscape 3.1 Linking Pedagogy and Space 3.2 Transforming the Higher and Further Education Campus 3.3 Beyond the Institution Part 2: Innovating Space 4. Schools 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Core Teaching Spaces 4.3 Informal Learning Spaces 4.4 Staff Workspace 4.5 Outdoor Learning Space 4.6 School Libraries 5. The Further and Higher Education Campus 5.1 Introduction 5.2 General Teaching Spaces 5.3 Laboratories and Research Facilities 5.4 Studios, Workshops and Technical Facilities 5.5 Academic and Administrative Workspace 5.6 Social Learning Spaces 5.7 Academic Libraries 5.8 Student Centres 5.9 Academic Innovation Centres and Business Incubators 5.10 Student Housing 5.11 Sports Facilities 6. Business and Cultural Spaces 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Business and Education 6.3 Cultural Spaces and Lifelong Learning Part 3: Developing a Community Learning Model 7. The Blending of Institutions 7.1 Discovery 1/Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti, Christchurch, NZ 7.2 Design Factory, Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland 7.3 Natural History Museum, London, UK 8. A Conceptual Learning Landscape 8.1 Bridge Schools, Xiashi – A Village Connection 8.2 New Orleans Nexus Centres – Education at the Hub 8.3 Hume Global Learning Village 8.4 Learning Towns – Dumfries 9. Creating a Learning Matrix 9.1 Supply and Demand 9.2 Building on a Workspace Environment Model 9.3 Physical and Virtual Learning Resources Bibliography Further Reading Index
Andrew Harrison is a researcher and consultant with experience in many aspects of space use. In 2011 he set up Spaces That Work, an independent consultancy specializing in learning environments. Before that he was Director of Learning and Research at DEGW, leading major research projects in the UK and internationally. These included Sustainable Accommodation for the New Economy, supported by the European Commission, Spaces for Personalized Learning for the UK Department for Children, Schools and Families, and Project Faraday, which developed new space and experience models for the teaching of secondary school science in Britain. He has also led projects exploring the impacts of technology and pedagogy change on school and higher education institution design, including work internationally for the Aga Khan University, the University of Central Asia, Aalto University in Finland and the Dublin Institute of Technology.
Les Hutton is a writer, editor and copywriter with experience in education, management, commercial property and architecture. Publications include Architectural Knowledge, The Distributed Workplace, The Responsive Office and Working Beyond Walls. He was the founder editor of Facilities magazine and has written extensively on the UK and international real estate market.
"Overall, the book is successful in challenging existing use of learning space, and proposing new and innovative models for the future. Once you have read it, you are likely to re-evaluate your lab, classroom, studio –and the library –and the cafe –and the picnic bench -and even your own workspace, asking yourself how these potentially constraining environments be used to promote innovative practice in HE." – Katharyne McFarlane, Innovative Practice in Higher Education