Driveline Systems of Ground Vehicles : Theory and Design book cover
1st Edition

Driveline Systems of Ground Vehicles
Theory and Design

ISBN 9781439817278
Published January 29, 2010 by CRC Press
792 Pages 518 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

"With this book, Prof. Dr. Vantsevich brings a tremendous contribution to the field of Automotive Transmission and Driveline Engineering, including his innovative methods for optimum driveline synthesis, as well as his experience with the development of various hardware solutions, from the basic limited slip differentials to the most sophisticated mechatronic systems."

—Dr.-Ing. Mircea Gradu

Director, Transmission and Driveline Engineering

Head, Virtual Analysis Tools

Chrysler Group LLC


Now that vehicles with four and more driving wheels are firmly ensconced in the consumer market, they must provide energy/fuel-saving benefits and improved operational quality including terrain mobility, traction and velocity properties, turnability, and stability of motion. A first-of-its-kind resource, Driveline Systems of Ground Vehicles: Theory and Design presents a comprehensive and analytical treatment of driveline research, design, and tests based on energy efficiency, vehicle dynamics, and operational properties requirements.

This volume addresses fundamental engineering problems including how to investigate the effect of different driveline systems on the properties of vehicles and how to determined the optimal characteristics of the driveline system and its power-dividing units (PDUs) and design it for a specific vehicle to ensure high level of vehicle dynamics, energy efficiency, and performance. The authors develop an analytical apparatus for math modeling of driveline systems that can be compiled from different types of PDUs. They also introduce methodologies for the synthesis of optimal characteristics of PDUs for different types of vehicles.

Structured to be useful to engineers of all levels of experience, university professors and graduate students, the book is based on the R&D projects conducted by the authors. It explores intriguing engineering dilemmas such as how to achieve higher energy and fuel efficiency by driving either all the wheels or not all the wheels, solve oversteering issues by managing wheel power distribution, and many other technical problems.

Table of Contents

Driveline Systems and Vehicle Performance

Brief Review of Driveline Systems History

Classification of Driveline Systems and Power Dividing Units

Wheel Dynamics and Energy Efficiency

Vehicle Energy=Fuel Efficiency and Driveline Systems Design

Vehicle Performance and Driveline Systems Design

Principles of Driveline System Design


Interwheel and Interaxle Open and Lockable Differentials

Kinematics and Dynamics of Differentials: The Gear-Ratio Concept

Kinematics of a Vehicle with an Interaxle Differential

Tooth Forces in Bevel-Gear Differentials

Robustness of Differentials

Design of Axle=Interwheel Differentials

Design of Interaxle Differentials and Transfer Cases

Designing Locking Devices

Wheel Power Distribution and Vehicle Performance

Optimal and Reasonable Differential Gear Ratios: Control Principles


Automatic and Manual Positively Engaged Power-Dividing Units

Designs of Power-Dividing Units

Kinematic Discrepancy and Generalized Vehicle Parameters

Wheel Slips and Circumferential Wheel Forces

Wheel Power Distributions and Vehicle Energy=Fuel Efficiency

Wheel Power Distribution and Vehicle Performance

Optimal and Reasonable Kinematic Discrepancy: Control Principles


Limited Slip Differentials

Torque Biasing and Locking Performance

Disk Differentials without Additional Lockers

Disk Differentials with Cam Lockers

Disk Differentials with V-Lockers

Worm-Gear Differentials

Cam-Plunger Differentials

Torque Sensitive Differentials

Speed Sensitive Differentials

Force Fluctuations in Disk Differentials

Tractive Performance and Yaw Moment of a Drive Axle

Asymmetrical Interaxle Differentials


Free-Running Differentials and Viscous Clutches

Design and Operating Principles of Free-Running Differentials

Applications of Free-Running Differentials

Viscous Clutches: Operation and Design Aspects


Combined Automated Mechanical Driveline Systems

Vehicle Operational Properties

A Method of Synthesizing Driveline Systems with Optimal Properties

Objective Function Analysis

Synthesis of the Properties of Interwheel Power-Dividing Units

Synthesis of Properties of Interaxle Power-Dividing Units

Synthesis of Properties of Interwheel and Interaxle Power-Dividing Units


Mechatronic Driveline Systems

Simple, Combined, and Integrated Driveline Systems—A Brief Overview

Inverse Wheel Dynamics and Control

Proactive Assessment of Terrain Conditions

Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanical Subsystems

Design of Simple and Combined Driveline Systems

Design of Integrated Driveline Systems

Hybrid Driveline Systems


Testing of Driveline Systems and Multiwheel Drive Vehicles

Laboratory Studies of the Locking Performance of Differentials

Laboratory Testing of Friction Clutches of Differentials

Laboratory Tests of Differential Lubrication Systems

Field and Road Tests of Wheeled Vehicles

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Vladimir V. Vantsevich is a tenured full professor in mechanical engineering and the director of the Master of Science in Mechatronic Systems Engineering Program at Lawrence Technological University. Alexandr F. Andreev and Viachaslau I. Kabanau are both associate professors in the Tractor Engineering Department at Belarus National Technical University.