The Chair Eco-design of buildings and infrastructure, a partnership between three engineering colleges (MINES ParisTech, Ecole des Ponts ParisTech and AgroParisTech) and the VINCI group, aims to create measurement and simulation tools which integrate all the dimensions of eco-design (greenhouse gas emissions, impact on biodiversity and resource levies, etc.) to become real decision-making tools, based on a scientific approach, for all actors in the city (designers, builders and users).
This book reviews the second five-year sequence of the Chair, first presenting methodological advances in eco-design: life cycle assessment and quantification of uncertainties; local environmental impacts of transport and biodiversity. The interdisciplinary partnership, also associating the human sciences, shows its interest in taking into account the human factor in the modelling of urban systems. This modelling is based on several numerical simulation tools, presented in the third part. This theoretical set results in more substantial proposals for the renewal of techniques and systems, in terms of energy management strategies in buildings, urban agriculture, participatory data collection and digital transformation in transport.
This book is intended for urban planners, local authorities, building owners, architects, design offices, companies, building managers, teacher-researchers and anyone interested in the environmental quality of our living spaces.
Table of Contents
PART 1 - New Developments in the Methods for Eco-design
1 Consequential Life Cycle Assessment Applied to Buildings
2 Study of the Quantification of Uncertainties in Building Life Cycle Assessment
MARIE-LISE PANNIER, PATRICK SCHALBART, AND BRUNO PEUPORTIER
3 Life Cycle Assessment of Transportation Systems
ANNE DE BORTOLI, ADELAÏDE FERAILLE, AND FABIEN LEURENT
4 Spatial Refinement to Better Evaluate Mobility and Its Environmental Impacts
NATALIA KOTELNIKOVA-WEILER, FABIEN LEURENT, AND ALEXIS POULHÈS
5 Ecological Compensation in France: Towards a Territorial System?
JULIE LATUNE, HAROLD LEVREL, PAULINE DELFORGE, AND NATHALIE FRASCARIA-LACOSTE
6 Biodi(V)strict®: A Tool for Incorporating Biodiversity within Development
ANGEVINE MASSON AND NATHALIE FRASCARIA-LACOSTE
PART 2 - Incorporating the Human Factor within Eco-design
7 Social Practices and Ways of Living
8 Modelling the Energy Consumption of Buildings
JEAN-PIERRE LÉVY AND FATEH BELAÏD
9 Reconstruction of Building Occupation by Machine Learning
ERIC VORGER AND MAXIME ROBILLART
10 What Future for Nature in the City?
11 Housing Demand: Residential Paths and Inequalities in Comfort and Access to Property
VINCENT LASSERRE-BIGORRY, FABIEN LEURENT, AND NICOLAS COULOMBEL
PART 3 - Simulation at the Service of Eco-design
12 DREAM: An Urban Equilibrium Model
FABIEN LEURENT, NICOLAS COULOMBEL, AND ALEXIS POULHÈS
13 Structural Design of a Hierarchical Urban Transport Network
FABIEN LEURENT, SHENG LI, AND HUGO BADIA
14 Application of the ParkCap Model to Urban Parking Planning
HOUDA BOUJNAH AND FABIEN LEURENT
15 Modelling of Microclimates
HELGE SIMON AND MICHAEL BRUSE
16 Development of a Methodology to Guaranteed Energy Performance
SIMON LIGIER, PATRICK SCHALBART, AND BRUNO PEUPORTIER
17 The Contribution of Prospective Energy Systems to the Life Cycle Assessment of Buildings
EDI ASSOUMOU AND JÉRÔME GUTIERREZ
PART 4 - Towards a Renewal of Techniques and Systems
18 Real-Time Energy Management Strategies for Buildings and Blocks
MAXIME ROBILLART AND MARIE FRAPIN
19 Urban Farming: From Discovery to Knowledge in the EEBI Chair
CHRISTINE AUBRY, ANNE CÉCILE DANIEL, BAPTISTE GRARD, AGNÈS LELIÈVRE, NATHALIE FRASCARIA-LACOSTE, AND CLAIRE CHENU
20 Collecting, Classifying and Visualising Big Data for Biodiversity and Mobility
MADJID MAIDI, HELA MAROUANE, SALMA REBAI, AND SÉBASTIEN HERRY
21 Smart Mobility: A Landscape Under Development
FABIEN LEURENT, OLIVIER HAXAIRE, AND GAËLE LESTEVEN
Conclusions and Perspectives
Bruno Peuportier holds an engineering degree from the Ecole Centrale de Paris, and a PhD degree from Universite Paris VI. He is presently senior scientist at the Centre for Energy Efficiency of Systems of MINES Paristech, Paris. He has developed software tools for green design: COMFIE (thermal simulation) and EQUER (life cycle assessment). He has carried out several demonstration projects regarding the construction or renovation of public housing, office buildings and schools, and has coordinated several European projects in these fields.