With increasing pressure on resources, the looming spectre of climate change and growing anxiety among eaters, ecology and food are at the heart of the political debates surrounding agriculture and diet. This unique contribution unravels agri-environmental issues at different spatial levels, from local to global, documenting the major shifts in agriculture from a long-term perspective.
The book begins by exploring the changes in the industrialisation and socialisation of agriculture over time, through the lens of institutional economics including The French Regulation School and Conventions Theory. Building on Polanyi’s ‘Great Transformation’, the chapters in this volume analyse long-term and contemporary changes in agriculture and food systems that have occurred throughout the last few centuries. Key chapters focus on the historical changes in provisioning and the social relations of production, consumption, and regulation of food in different socio-political contexts. The future of agriculture is addressed through an analysis of controversial contemporary political claims and their engagement with strategies that aim to improve the sustainability of agriculture and food consumption.
To shed light on ongoing changes and the future of food, this book asks important environmental and social questions and analyses how industrial agriculture has played out in various contexts. It is recommended supplementary reading for postgraduates and researchers in agricultural studies, food studies, food policy, the agri-food political economy and political and economic geography.
1 Introduction: industrialisation and socialisation of agriculture, towards new regimes PART I Novel approaches and theories of global agri-economies in the second Great Transformation 2 The ambivalence of the capitalist socialisation of agriculture 3 Regulation Theory and transformation of agriculture: a literature review 4 Convention Theory in Anglophone agri-food studies: French legacies, circulation and new perspectives 5 The new autocracy in food and agriculture PART II Ongoing transformations of the agri-economy 6 Energy, biomass and hegemony: a long history of transformations of agricultures 7 Food Regime Analysis: a reassessment 8 The Holstein cow as an institution of the agricultural modernisation project: commodity or common good? 9 Transitions towards a European bioeconomy: Life Sciences versus agroecology trajectories PART III Cases studies: competition in markets and policies 10 Organic farming in France: an alternative project or conventionalisation? 11 Japanese agri-food in transition 12 Transforming the dairy sector in post-communist economies: actors and strategies 13 Large-scale land investments and financialisation of agriculture: an analysis based on agro-financial filières 14 Conclusion: alternative sketches of a Second Great Transformation