2nd Edition

Ecology of Marine Bivalves An Ecosystem Approach, Second Edition

By Richard F. Dame Copyright 2012
    284 Pages 56 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Bivalve mollusks are roughly hand-sized animals that can aggregate into large groups of millions of individuals as reefs—pumping and filtering enough water in short periods of time to control the processes on the reef and adjacent tidal waters—and serve as valuable indicators and monitors of ecosystem health. Ecology of Marine Bivalves: An Ecosystems Approach, Second Edition examines the ecology of bivalves from an ecosystem or holistic view, taking into consideration their history, thermodynamics, components, and interactions with other species—namely humans.

    With the advent of the United Nations Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA) in the year 2000, its emphasis for utilizing the ecosystem approach as a standard guideline, and the growing interest in global climate change, this edition has been expanded to include:

    • A new chapter on shell rings, which emphasizes the importance of interaction between disciplines so that we might learn from the past in order to plan for the future
    • Scientific work done on several continents, including case studies from the Chesapeake Bay, the Wadden Sea, and other case studies from Europe and New Zealand
    • Additional material on non-equilibrium thermodynamics, complexity theory, and other cross-disciplinary interactions

    This book discusses the roles of marine bivalves as a keystone species and as ecosystem engineers, and explains how bivalves are used as monitors and indicators of ecosystem stress and as a fisheries resource. Utilizing case studies and targeted published research to develop narratives suitable for a complex systems approach, the second edition of Ecology of Marine Bivalves is invaluable to scientists and marine workers interested in an up-to-date treatment of mollusks in our seas.

    Historical/Geological Setting

    Historical Ecology of Bivalves

    Physical Environmental Interactions
    Temperature–Salinity and Other Factor Combinations
    Water Flow

    Organismic Scale Processes
    Deposit Feeding
    Symbiotic Nutrition
    Chemoautotrophic Symbioses

    Population Processes
    Life Cycle
    Statistical Measures of Populations
    Population Growth
    Bivalves As Open Or Metapopulations
    Life and Fecundity Tables
    Abiotic Mortality
    Competition-Induced Mortality
    Aggregated Distributions
    Diseases and Parasites
    Population Energy Budgets

    Ecosystem Grazing
    Grazing Theory as Applied to Bivalves
    Conceptualizing Grazing
    Methods Used to Estimate System Grazing
    Upstream–Downstream Observations
    Laboratory Flumes
    Ecosystem Comparisons

    Ecosystem Metabolism and Nutrient Cycling
    Nutrient Cycling
    Theoretical Background
    The Case of the Missing Nitrogen

    Ecosystem Experiments
    Model Formulation
    Model Analysis
    Ecosystem Field Experiments
    Case Study

    Ecosystem Health, Restoration, and Services
    Bivalve Responses
    Systems Measures
    Ecosystem Services
    A Case Study: The Wadden Sea and the Invasion of Crassostrea gigas



    Richard F. Dame, Ph.D., is Distinguished Palmetto Professor Emeritus of Marine Science at Coastal Carolina University in South Carolina. Dr. Dame received his B.S. degree from the College of Charleston, South Carolina in 1964. He obtained his M.A. degree from the University of North Carolina in 1967 and his Ph.D. degree from the University of South Carolina in 1971. He was a founding member of the Marine Science Program (1971-2006) at CCU. During the same time frame he was a very active research associate of the Belle W. Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and Coastal Research, University of South Carolina. He has served as the external member on numerous Ph.D. candidate committees in the United States and Europe.
    In addition to these academic activities, he served a two-year tour as the Ecosystems Program Director at the National Science Foundation. In recognition of his achievements he is listed in Who's Who in America and Who's Who in the World.
    Dr. Dame is an active scholar in the area of coastal and estuarine ecosystems. He is currently a review editor for the leading marine ecological journal, Marine Ecology Progress Series. The majority of his work has been funded by the National Science Foundation.

    Praise for the First Edition
    "This is a well-produced book and Richard Dame has adequately reviewed marine bivalve ecology research…. I recommend the book as essential reading to anyone with a keen research interest in the ecology of marine bivalves.
    —D. J. Wildish, Limnology and Oceanography

    "The uniqueness of this volume bears on the systems ecology approach to marine bivalves…. In short, the Ecology of Marine Bivalves is a relatively brief overview of a very broad topic…. It will be a useful addition to marine ecologists and especially to ecosystem and system ecologists."
    —Josef Daniel Ackerman, Ecology