Economic Development, Education and Transnational Corporations (Paperback) book cover

Economic Development, Education and Transnational Corporations

By Mark Hanson

© 2008 – Routledge

192 pages | 13 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:
Paperback: 9780415668279
pub: 2011-05-10
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Hardback: 9780415771160
pub: 2007-08-09
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About the Book

This book focuses on the questions of: why do some economically disadvantaged nations develop significantly faster than others, and what roles do their educational systems play?

As case illustrations, in the early 1960s Mexico and South Korea were both equally underdeveloped agrarian societies. Since that time, the development strategies pursued by each country resulted in dramatically different results. By the turn of the century South Korea possessed one of the finest educational systems in the world and was a world-class producer of high-tech products. Mexico, on the other hand, was still graduating less than half of its secondary school-age students and bogged down in assembling products owned by others. The book addresses the issues of what happened and why, and frames the consequences for other developing nations facing similar challenges.

Professor Hanson argues that the key to understanding involves the manner and intensity in which these countries engaged their educational, governmental and business institutions to acquire manufacturing knowledge from offshored transnational corporations, and how they used these insights to grow their own local industries. Whereas South Korea studied the foreign outsourced plants as if they were educational systems and pursued with tenacity the new knowledge they possessed, Mexico viewed them as ‘cash cows’ that generated wages and reduced unemployment. The author emphasizes that significant educational reform will only break down the barriers of institutional bureaucracies when responding to the pressures and demands of industrialization. This is one of the first books of its kind to compare South-East Asian and Latin American economies and their links to educational systems.

Table of Contents

1. Knowledge Transfer and National Development 2. Stages of National Development 3. National Strategies of Knowledge Transfer 4. Educational Reform and National Development 5. Conclusions

About the Author

Mark Hanson is a Fulbright Scholar and Professor of Education and Management at the University of California, Riverside. He has been a consultant on institutional reform for the World Bank, IADB, UNESCO, UNDP, USAID, and the Harvard Institute for International Development.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Development Economics

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / Economic Development
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Economics / General
EDUCATION / Comparative