1st Edition

Education System Design Foundations, Policy Options and Consequences

Edited By Brian Hudson, Marilyn Leask, Sarah Younie Copyright 2021
    324 Pages 5 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    324 Pages 5 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book highlights decisions governments have to make about their public education systems, the options they have before them and the consequences of their decisions. As well as covering issues such as values, curriculum, teacher training, structures and so on, the book addresses education planning for epidemics, pandemics and disasters.

    Education systems provide the foundations for the future wellbeing of every society, yet existing systems are a point of global concern. Education System Design is a response to debates in developing and developed countries about the characteristics of a high-quality national education service. It questions what makes a successful system of education. With chapters that draw on experience in education systems around the world, each one considers an element of a national education service and its role in providing a coherent and connected set of structures to ensure good education for all members of society.

    Key topics include:

    • Existing education systems and what a future system might look like
    • Inclusion and social justice
    • Leadership and teacher education
    • Policy options, and the consequences of policy changes

    This book suggests an education system be viewed as an ecosystem with interdependencies between many different components needing to be considered when change is contemplated. It is a vital book for any stakeholders in educational systems including students, teachers and senior leaders. It would be particularly useful to policy makers and those implementing policy changes.


    The Editors


    Mick Waters

    Section 1 An Education Service for the Future: Values and Principles

    Towards a Learning Education System? Globalisation, Change, Improvement and Accountability in Uncertain Times

    Graham Donaldson

    Aims and Values: Direction with Purpose

    Brian Matthews

    Developing Your Vision: Principles and Implementation Challenges

    Brian Hudson, Marilyn Leask and Sarah Younie

    Section 2 England: A Case Study, A Vision and A Cautionary Tale

    A "National Education Service": What Can We Learn From the Past?

    Tim Brighouse

    Politics Aside: From Fragmentation to Coherence

    Hugh Greenway and Caroline Whalley

    Education England: From Chaos to Consensus

    Sarah Younie, Brian Hudson and Marilyn Leask

    Section 3 Issues of Social Justice and Inclusion

    Social Mobility: A Working Class View

    Sonia Blandford

    Selection by Wealth, Ability and Aptitude, and Faith: Good for a Country or Not?

    Carl Smith

    School Segregation in England and the Logic of Exiting from the Public Education System

    Helen M. Gunter and Steven J. Courtney

    Special Education Needs and Disabilities

    Sana Rizvi and Helen Knowler

    Adult and Further Education: The Impact of Austerity on Life Chances and Well Being

    Sharon Clancy

    Section 4 Curriculum, Assessment, Leadership and Accountability

    The Curriculum: Developing Powerful Knowledge and Creative Knowhow

    Brian Hudson with Chris Shelton

    National Assessment Choices

    Nikki Booth

    Leadership, Innovation and Change

    Rosie Raffety

    An Alternative Approach to Accountability and Inspection: Evaluation for Improvements in Finnish Teacher Education

    Brian Hudson and Marilyn Leask with Hannele Niemi and Jari Lavonen

    Accountability Systems for Schools: Coercion or Cooperation?

    Marilyn Leask

    Section 5 Teacher Education

    Reframing the Professionalism of Teachers

    Linda la Velle and Kate Reynolds

    Initial Teacher Education: What Matters Most and What Has Worked Well

    Moira Hulme, Emilee Rauschenberger and Karen Meanwell

    CPD, Knowledge Services and Research: 21st Century Solutions

    Sarah Younie and Marilyn Leask with Jon Audain, Christina Preston and Richard Proctor

    Section 6 Policy Options and Consequences

    Policy Options and Consequences: What Has to be Done, When and With Whom

    Sarah Younie, Marilyn Leask and Brian Hudson

    Education in Emergencies: pandemic/disaster planning for education sector continuity

    Sarah Younie, Marilyn Leask and Stephen Hall


    Brian Hudson is Emeritus Professor and former Head of the School of Education and Social Work (2012–16) at the University of Sussex, Honorary Professor and former Associate Dean for Research at the University of Dundee (2009–12) and currently Senior Professor at Karlstad University, Sweden. His particular research interests are in mathematics education, ICT and learning, curriculum studies and subject didactics. He is a board member and former chair of the Teacher Education Policy in Europe (TEPE) ( https://twitter.com/TEPEnetwork ); was the main organiser of the WERA ( www.weraonline.org ) International Research Network on Didactics –Learning and Teaching and is currently an Associate Editor of the Journal of Curriculum Studies. He was awarded a National Teaching Fellowship in 2004 and Honorary Network Membership of the European Education Research Association ( https://eera-ecer.de ) Network 27 on Didactics□– Learning and Teaching in 2016.

    Marilyn Leask has held roles in central and local government, universities, schools and research institutes. She is visiting Professor at De Montfort and Winchester Universities, UK, and is committed to supporting international collaboration between teachers and educational researchers for the benefit of learners everywhere. In 1992, she initiated the Learning to Teach in the secondary school series of textbooks which she co-edits. She is co-chair of the Education Futures Collaboration Charity which oversees the MESHGuides initiative ( www.meshguides.org ) addressing the UN’s SDG 4, and with Professor Younie and Ulf Lundin from Sweden, initiated the European SchoolNet in 1995 ( www.eun.org ). She is an elected board member of the Council for Subject Associations and the Technology Pedagogy and Education Association. She has previously held elected roles on the British Educational Research Association national council and the national council Universities Council for the Education of Teachers.

    Sarah Younie is Professor of Education Innovation and previous Director of the Institute for Education Futures at De Montfort University. She sits on ICET (International Council on Education for Teaching) and is the UK BERA (British Education Research Association) Convenor for Educational Research and Policy Making Special Interest Group. She is a Trustee and founder member of the Education Futures Collaboration (EFC) charity and MESH (Mapping Education Specialist knowHow) project, which provides research evidence to inform teachers’ professional practice, and represents MESH on the international UNESCO Teacher Task Force panel. MESH contributes to UN SDG4. She has been involved in international research on technologies in education for UNESCO, EU, UK Government Agencies, Local Authorities and educational charities. As the UK Chair of the National Subject Association of IT in Teacher Education (ITTE) she has submitted evidence for Parliamentary Select Committees. Professor Younie is currently the Editor-in-Chief for the □international Journal of Technology, Pedagogy and Education.

    "This book comes at a critical time when the values that underpin our democracy and its institutions, including schools, are under growing threats from the forces of globalisation. It recognises the urgent need for us to reconceptualise education, including the role of citizenship education, in ways that provide young people with the knowledge, skills and values not only to promote democracy but to protect and defend it. It also draws attention to the crucial role that that the education system plays in such a reconceptualization. Only a truly national education service can guarantee that all young people are educated to be the knowledgeable, responsible and reflective, active citizens that are and will be required to tackle with confidence the challenges of learning, working and living in 21st century societies. We ignore such a reconceptualization at our peril."

    David Kerr, Consultant Director of Education, Young Citizens and Head of ITT, University of Reading


    "The cumulative experience of the writers of this book is enormous. They have seen the system from so many different perspectives and their insights are fascinating. All of the writers are committed enough to offer their effort through a deep concern for the lasting health of the education system. It is a book well worth reading and it merits serious thought and action. In education we are trying to influence individual opportunity and build life-long habits and prospects so that today’s children can make a positive difference to their world. As for the best way to do that, let’s make decisions wisely."

    Mick Waters, previously Director of Curriculum at the UK government's Qualification and Curriculum Authority