Education in Flux
Studies on Time, Forms and Reform
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This book aims to gain a better grasp of how education, both inside and outside school, is shaped by our understanding of time. Over the last decennia, both education and policymaking have undergone radical changes, transcending them far beyond the historical limits of the modern nation-state where their contemporary shape originated. The often-discussed shift from government to governance in education policy, together with the crystallization of newly emerging spaces of transnational education, are illustrative in this respect. The national grammar of schooling is set out to arrange time in class hours, schooldays and yearly cohorts. Its curricula establish what the past should teach to future generations. But when education shifts perspectives towards transnational, European or even global levels, this past increasingly seems to lose relevance when understood as continuity, as tradition. Instead, in education as in policymaking, the discontinuity expected to result from a future deemed open and undetermined becomes an endless resource for the development of new political and educational (re)forms.
How are contemporary education and education policy creating and reacting to particular forms of presents, pasts or futures? How do specific forms of education (such as lifelong learning) relate to our shifting understandings of time? How are progress, acceleration and time related in educational reform processes? Through showing the contingency of time-making in educational practices, the contributions to this book seek to answer these questions and thus open avenues to think education and time anew.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Educational Philosophy and Theory.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Time and educational (re-)forms—Inquiring the temporal dimension of education
Mathias Decuypere and Pieter Vanden Broeck
The rhythm of evaluation
1. Evaluation systems and the pace of change – The example of Swedish higher education
2. The PISA calendar: Temporal governance and international large-scale assessments
3. Pasts and futures that keep the possible alive: Reflections on time, space, education and governing
Mathias Decuypere and Maarten Simons
4. Network time for the European Higher Education Area
Rosaria Lumino and Paolo Landri
Time and (re-)forms
5. The problem of the present: On simultaneity, synchronisation and transnational education projects
Pieter Vanden Broeck
6. The history of the future and the shifting forms of education
Eric Mangez and Pieter Vanden Broeck
7. ‘Education has no end’: Reconciling past and future through reforms in the education system
Mathias Decuypere is assistant professor in the Methodology of Educational Sciences Research Group (KU Leuven, Belgium), where he leads the qualitative research methods track. His main interests are situated at the digitization, datafication and platformization of education; and how these evolutions shape distinct forms of educational spaces and times.
Pieter Vanden Broeck is postdoctoral researcher and lecturer at UC Louvain, Belgium. His research addresses globalisation and Europeanisation as processes that make a space for forms of education breaking with the national grammar of schooling. Recent publications have appeared in the Journal of Education Policy and The American Sociologist.