Education in Revolutionary Struggles introduces us to the fascinating world of Latin American educational thought in the third quarter of the 20th century. It discusses the contributions of three of the most distinguished intellectuals of the period – Iván Illich, Paulo Freire and Ernesto Guevara – and more specifically their answers to the eternal challenge: What is – or should be – the role of education in the profound structural and/or revolutionary transformation of our societies? The first part of the book identifies the cultural, economic and political context of the revolutionary years in Latin America. This historical framework is of particular interest because it is the setting for the intellectual and educational debates in which these three thinkers took part. The second part, the heart of the book, expounds in depth how Iván Illich, Paulo Freire and Ernesto Guevara contributed to understanding of how education is linked to the transformation of society. The third and final part highlights the most fertile dimensions of the educational thought of Iván Illich, Paulo Freire and Ernesto Guevara – deschooling, liberation education and revolutionary education respectively – and analyses the points where their conceptions of "education in revolutionary struggles" converged, complemented one another or diverged.
Table of Contents
1. The Contemporary Tensions of Latin America from a Historical Perspective
2. Development in Dispute Among Latin American Intellectuals
3. The Golden Years of Education in Latin America, 1950–1980
4. Iván Illich, Deschooling and the Cultural Revolution
5. Paulo Freire, Latin American Thought and the Struggle for Liberation
6. Ernesto Guevara and the Role of Education in Revolutionary Processes
7. Education and Social Transformation in Latin American Thought
Andrés Donoso Romo is Researcher in the Centre for Advanced Research in Education, Institute of Education, University of Chile, and in the Centre of Advanced Studies, Playa Ancha University (Chile).