This collection presents educational assessment research from Latin America, adding to a relatively small but growing body of research considering educational assessment and evaluation issues in this large region. The predominance of Chile reflects its early highly centralized education system, and the fact that it adopted national testing before other Latin American countries. It was also an early participant in international assessment programmes. Other countries have followed the trend of implementing national testing, and to a lesser extent participating in international surveys. The complementary development of technical expertise in quantitative research methods has enabled extensive analysis of the large data sets generated by these testing and assessment programmes.
Taken together, the evidence reported provides a means not only of reviewing educational quality issues in Latin America, but also of facilitating comparisons that allow the context specificity of equivalent research conducted in western developed countries to be considered.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice.
Introduction. Educational Assessment in Latin America Sue Swaffield and Sally Thomas
1. The historical development of educational assessment in Chile: 1810–2014 Jacqueline Gysling
2. Educational effectiveness in Chilean secondary education: comparing different ‘value added’ approaches to evaluate schools B. Muñoz-Chereau and S.M. Thomas
3. Teacher performance and student learning: linking evidence from two national assessment programmes Sandy Taut, Edgar Valencia, Diego Palacios, Maria V. Santelices, Daniela Jiménez and Jorge Manzi
4. Effects of Brazilian schools on student learning José Francisco Soares, Maria Teresa Gonzaga Alves and Flavia Pereira Xavier
5. Brazilian national assessment data and educational policy: an empirical illustration Christine L. Paget, Lars-Erik Malmberg and Dale R. Martelli
6. Classroom composition and its association with students’ achievement and socioemotional characteristics in Peru Santiago Cueto, Juan Léon and Alejandra Miranda
7. Framing and assessing classroom opportunity to learn: the case of Mexico Bryant Jensen, Marίa Guadalupe Pérez Martίnez and Angélica Aguilar Escobar