1st Edition

Educational Assessment in a Time of Reform
Standards and Standard Setting for Excellence in Education




ISBN 9781138394223
Published November 20, 2019 by Routledge
156 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations

USD $160.00

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Preview

Book Description

Educational Assessment in a Time of Reform provides background information on large-scale examination systems more generally and the South African examination specifically. It traces the reforms in the education system of South Africa since 1994 and provides a description of the advances in modern test theory that could be considered for future standard setting endeavours.

At the heart of the book is the debate on whether the current standard of education in Africa is good enough . If not, then how can it be improved? The aim of this book is to provide a point of departure for discussions on standard-setting, quality assurance, equating of examinations and assessment approaches. From this point of departure recommendations for practices in general and the exit-level (Grade 12) examination results in particular can be made.

This book is ideal reading for principals, teachers, academics and researchers in the fields of educational assessment, measurement, and evaluation.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Background and introduction

Historical context

Aim and objectives of the book

Systems theory as a conceptual framework

References

Chapter 2 Background to large-scale examination systems

Introduction

Designing large-scale examination systems

Examples of large-scale examination systems

Conclusion

References

Chapter 3 Perspectives on education assessment reform

Standards-based education reform (SBER)

Education assessment reform versus the complexity of assessment standards and academic performance

Conclusion

References

Chapter 4 Equating examinations and assessment standards in the South African context

Introduction

Equating high-stakes examinations and testing

The history of equating Grade 12 examination marks in South Africa

Norm-referenced assessment

Transition from the Senior Certificate (SC) to the new National Curriculum Statement (NCS)

Research related to the comparability of curriculum and assessment demands of the NCS

Standardising the new NCS results

References

Chapter 5 The management and quality assurance of school-based assessment in South Africa

Introduction

Social moderation

The low reliability of school-based assessment

Statistical moderation of school-based assessment (SBA) marks

Statistical moderation

Calculation of the subject promotion mark

Conclusion

References

Chapter 6 Using examination and assessment scores: Different ways of reporting performance

Introduction

Different ways of reporting performance

Reporting performance is directly related to the type and purpose of the test

Reporting standards on tests

Measuring continuous school-based assessment

Comparing results over time – how to measure improvement

Strategies for interpreting data

Working with examinations and assessment data

Conclusion

References

Chapter 7 Rethinking standard setting: Drawing from advances in modern test theory

Introduction

Understanding classical test theory

Introduction to item response theory (IRT)

The one-parameter model

The two-parameter model

The three-parameter model

Introduction to Rasch-measurement

Standard setting methods Traditional methods and methods drawing on modern test theory

Linking and equating in modern test theory: Possibilities for linking examinations across years

Conclusion

References

Chapter 8 Item banking and computer adaptive testing

Introduction

Computer adaptive testing (CAT)

System design and operations

Item pool development and testing

Item response theory and calibration

Test equating

Reliability and measurement precision

Validity

Advantages and disadvantages of computer adaptive testing

Definition and development of item banks

Procedure for preparing an item bank

Advantages and disadvantages of item banks

Validity and reliability considerations

Conclusion

References

Chapter 9 Developing a computerised system for large scale computer adaptive testing (CAT)

Introduction

Performance benchmarks

Design requirements and electronic platform

Design logic of a cat-system for the NCS (Grade 12)

System technology and functionality standards

Conclusion

References

Chapter 10 Educational assessment in a time of reform: Where to from here?

Introduction

Thinking about examination systems within a 21st century skills framework

Making use of modern psychometric theory

Thinking about moving towards incorporating mixed methods approaches

Concluding remarks

References

...
View More

Author(s)

Biography

Coert Loock is a professor at Department of Education Leadership and Management, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.

Vanessa Scherman is a professor at Department of Psychology of Education, University of South Africa, South Africa.