Effective Surveillance for Homeland Security: Balancing Technology and Social Issues provides a comprehensive survey of state-of-the-art methods and tools for the surveillance and protection of citizens and critical infrastructures against natural and deliberate threats. Focusing on current technological challenges involving multi-disciplinary problem analysis and systems engineering approaches, it provides an overview of the most relevant aspects of surveillance systems in the framework of homeland security.
Addressing both advanced surveillance technologies and the related socio-ethical issues, the book consists of 21 chapters written by international experts from the various sectors of homeland security. Part I, Surveillance and Society, focuses on the societal dimension of surveillance—stressing the importance of societal acceptability as a precondition to any surveillance system.
Part II, Physical and Cyber Surveillance, presents advanced technologies for surveillance. It considers developing technologies that are part of a framework whose aim is to move from a simple collection and storage of information toward proactive systems that are able to fuse several information sources to detect relevant events in their early incipient phase.
Part III, Technologies for Homeland Security, considers relevant applications of surveillance systems in the framework of homeland security. It presents real-world case studies of how innovative technologies can be used to effectively improve the security of sensitive areas without violating the rights of the people involved.
Examining cutting-edge research topics, the book provides you with a comprehensive understanding of the technological, legislative, organizational, and management issues related to surveillance. With a specific focus on privacy, it presents innovative solutions to many of the issues that remain in the quest to balance security with the preservation of privacy that society demands.
Table of Contents
SURVEILLANCE AND SOCIETY
An Ethics for the New (and Old) Surveillance; Gary T. Marx
Trust Networks among Human Beings: Analysis, Modeling, and Recommendations; Bernhard Haemmerli, Margrete Raaum, and Giorgio Franceschetti
Art of Balancing Utilities: Privacy and Video Surveillance in Sweden; Fredrika Bjorklund
Perceived Threat: Determinants and Consequences of Fear of Terrorism in Germany; Matthias Leese
Preserving and Managing Privacy Information in Video Surveillance Systems; Jithendra K. Paruchuri, Ying Luo, and Sen-Ching S. Cheung
Objective and Subjective Evaluation of Content-Based Privacy Protection of Face Images in Video Surveillance Systems Using JPEG XR; Hosik Sohn, Doh young Lee , Wesley DeNeve, Konstantinos N. Plataniotis, and Yong Man Ro
PHYSICAL AND CYBER SURVEILLANCE
Event Representation in Multimedia Surveillance Systems; Pradeep K . Atrey
Challenges and Emerging Paradigms for Augmented Surveillance; Francesco Flammini, Alfio Pappalardo, and Valeria Vittorini
Pervasive Surveillance System Management; Allaa R . Hilaland Otman A. Basir
Moving from Measuring to Understanding: Situation Awareness in Homeland Security; Giusj Digioia, Chiara Foglietta , Gabriele Oliva , Stefano Panzieri, and Roberto Setola
Ergonomic Design and Evaluation of Surveillance Systems; Denis A. Coelho and Isabel L. Nunes
Awareness, Assessment, and Reduction of Web Application Vulnerability; David Ward and Jessica Cavestro
Distributed Framework for Cybersecurity of Critical Infrastructures; Salvatore D ’Antonio, Luigi Coppolino , Michał Choraś, and Rafał Kozik
Modeling and Counteracting Virus Diffusion in Sensor Networks for Net-Centric Surveillance Systems; Giorgio Battistelli, Luigi Chisci, Giovanni Mugnai, Alfonso Farina, Antonio Graziano, and Alessio Liburdi
TECHNOLOGIES FOR HOMELAND SECURITY
GEPSUS GEOINT Applications for Homeland Security; Raffaele De Amicis, Giuseppe Conti, Federico Prandi, Stefano Piffer, Daniele Magliocchetti, Alberto Debiasi, Diego Taglioni, Andrej Škraba , and Radovan Stojanović
Omnidirectional Human Intrusion Detection System Using Computer Vision Techniques; Wai Kit Wong , Chu Kiong Loo , and Way Soong Lim
Wireless Sensor Networks and Audio Signal Recognition for Homeland Security; Marco Martalo, Gianluigi Ferrari, and Claudio S. Malavenda
Dynamic Bayesian Multitarget Tracking for Behavior and Interaction Detection; Lucio Marcenaro, Mauricio Soto , and Carlo S. Regazzoni
Imaging Tunnels and Underground Facilities Using Radio-Frequency Tomography; Lorenzo Lo Monte , Francesco Soldovieri, Danilo Erricolo, and Michael C. Wicks
Surveillance Framework for Ubiquitous Monitoring of Intermodal Cargo Containers; Yogesh Varma , Monte Tull, and Ronald D. Barnes
Model-Based Control of Building Evacuation Using Feedback from Sensor and Actuator Wireless Networks; Paolo Lino, Bruno Maione, and Guido Maione
Francesco Flammini received, with honors, his laurea (2003) and doctorate (2006) degrees in computer engineering from the University Federico II of Naples. Since October 2003, he has worked in Ansaldo STS (Finmeccanica) on the safety and security of rail-based transportation infrastructures. He has taught computer science and software engineering as an adjunct professor at the University of Naples, as well as seminars on computer dependability and critical infrastructure protection in postdegree courses on homeland security. He has coauthored several books and more than 50 scientific papers published in international journals and conference proceedings.
He has served as the chairman, a PC member, and an editor for several international conferences and journals. He is a senior member of the IEEE, an ACM Distinguished Speaker, and the vicechair of the IEEE Computer Society Italy Chapter. He is also a member of the European Workshop on Industrial Computer Systems Reliability, Safety and Security (EWICS TC7), FME (Formal Methods Europe), ERCIM WG on Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems (FMICS), ESRA TC on Operational Safety & Security of Interconnected Critical Infrastructures, and IEEE SMC TC on Homeland Security.
Roberto Setola obtained his master of science in electronic engineering (1992) and PhD in electronic engineering and computer science (1996) from the University of Naples Federico II. He currently serves as a professor of automatic control at University CAMPUS BioMedico and head of the COSERITY Lab (Complex Systems & Security Lab). He is also the director of the master’s program for "Homeland security, systems and methods and tools for security and crisis management." Formerly a member of the Italian Prime Minister’s Office (1999–2004), Setola was the coordinator of the working group on critical information infrastructure protection established by the Italian Prime Minister (2003–2004), a member of the G8 Senior Expert CIIP Group (2002–2006), and an affiliate of the G8 working group on High-Tech Crime (2002–2004). Since 1992, Roberto, in collaboration with several universities and research centers, has presented numerous studies on many topics related to modeling, simulation, and control of complex networks and systems and the protection of critical infrastructures.
He has also been the coordinator of the EU DG JLS project SecuFood on the security of the food supply chain and coordinator of the EU DG HOME project FACIES on the automatic identification of failure/attack in critical infrastructures. Moreover, as leader of a specialized unit, Setola was involved in more than 12 national and international projects related to critical infrastructure protection and homeland security. Throughout his career, Roberto has coauthored 3 books, edited 3 books, been a guest editor of 3 special issues on international journals, been an editor in chief of 2 magazines, and coauthored roughly 130 scientific publications. Setola is a founding member and current general secretary of the "AIIC—Associazione Italiana esperti in Infrastrutture Critiche", senior member of the IEEE, and founding member of the IFIP 11.10 working group on critical infrastructure protection.
Giorgio Franceschetti is emeritus professor, University Federico II, Napoli, Italy, and distinguished visiting scientist, JPL. He has been adjunct professor, UCLA (1992–2008), visiting professor in many European and U.S. universities, and lecturer in China, India, and Somalia. He is the author of 12 books and of about 200 papers in international journals of recognized standard in the area of basic and applied electromagnetic theory, remote sensing, signal processing, and homeland security. He is also a life fellow of the IEEE and member of the Electromagnetic Society. Among many outstanding awards, he is recipient of the Gold Medal of the Italian Republic President (2001); the Marconi (1975), Philip Morris (1990), IEE London Mountbatten (1998), and IEEE AP-Society (1999 and 2008) Schelkunoff Prizes; and the IEEE GRS-Society (2007), the NASA Cassini Radar Team (2009), and the IEEE APS-Society (2010) Distinguished Achievement Awards. As honorary positions, he has been appointed Officer of the Italian Republic (2003) and Bruno Kessler Honorary Chair, University of Trento, Italy (2010).
The objective of this book entitled Effective Surveillance for Homeland Security: Balancing Technology and Social Issues, edited by Francesco Flammini, Roberto Setola, and Giorgio Franceschetti is to discuss the various technological aspects related to homeland security solutions. ... focuses on privacy and other related social issues, which are of conflicting interests with the surveillance operations necessary for the working of homeland security solutions.
—Jaydip Sen, Senior Scientist, Tata Consultancy Services Ltd.