1st Edition

Emergency Management and Social Intelligence A Comprehensive All-Hazards Approach

    248 Pages 24 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    For effective preparedness, emergency managers must comprehend how a disaster impacts not only the physical infrastructure of the affected community but also the population. They must understand how the people interact with one another, how they interact with government, and how they react to the disaster event. In other words, they must have social intelligence. Emergency Management and Social Intelligence: A Comprehensive All-Hazards Approach provides a comprehensive framework for understanding a community before, during, and after a disaster in order to best mitigate the effect of a disaster on its people.

    After an overview of what we’ve learned and what we haven’t learned from past events, the book provides detailed case studies on a spectrum of disasters spanning a century, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, and oil spills. This context provides a framework for understanding a host of essential issues, including:

    • The interplay between how people perceive people in their communities, the public policy which results from socially constructed views, and the issues which surface during and after disaster as a result
    • The base logic of Social Intelligence which is rooted in the U.S. national security and intelligence apparatus
    • The application of the intelligence cycle in emergency management and how to develop and understand situational awareness
    • Baseline data points applicable to any community or jurisdiction and how they can be woven together to build on existing jurisdictional competence and real-time situational awareness
    • How geographic information systems (GISs) are used in emergency management, along with their limitations and the different software programs available
    • Modeling for disasters and how this helps the emergency management community plan for and respond to disasters
    • How emergency managers can use social intelligence to build resiliency at the local level and harness preexisting community strength before, during, and after a disaster

    The insight presented in this volume supplies emergency managers, policy makers, and elected officials with a powerful blueprint for implementing social intelligence in any community or organization, maximizing the effectiveness of disaster recovery efforts. Equally important, this volume supplies emergency managers, municipalities, government organizations, and private sector entities with a framework to understand and identify social and economic fault lines in communities.

    Social Vulnerability & Policy
    Social Policy Movements & History

    Disaster Policy History and Outcomes
    Alexandria Relief Bill
    The Great Influenza
    Hurricane Betsy
    Hurricane Hugo
    Northridge Earthquake
    San Francisco Earthquake
    Hurricane Katrina
    Iowa Floods
    Missouri Ice Storms
    Lessons Learned from these disasters


    Intelligence Methodology
    Overview of nation's intelligence operations
    Comprehensive study of geopolitical and socioeconomic landscape
    Actionable intelligence
    How intelligence shapes defense and foreign policy

    Situational Awareness
    Social vulnerability - what that means and how we currently measure it
    Connect the dots
    Develop actionable policy or systems

    Robust Planning for Complex Events
    EM situational awareness
    Identify emerging trends
    Building flexible response mechanisms

    Money, Technology & Communications
    Identify cost savings for future disaster planning and response efforts
    Better budgeting and capital improvement planning
    Leveraging GIS and emerging technologies
    Develop targeted communications platforms

    At the Local and State Level
    Identify emerging trends
    Respond more effectively
    Develop robust statewide policies/programs for community development, etc.
    Leverage information to identify additional federal resources for additional local support
    Develop comprehensive mitigation, preparation and recovery strategies

    Next steps
    Prevent Katrina like response failures
    Enhance value of emergency management


    Charna R. Epstein is the Chief Operating Officer at the University of Chicago Urban Education Institute (UEI). Prior to her work at UEI, Charna spent over ten years working in emergency and disaster management, primarily as the Director of Crisis Prevention, Resettlement and Disaster Recovery at Heartland Alliance for Human Needs and Human Rights. Charna also worked in Chicago government for three years and as a fellow at FEMA Region V. Among a number of awards, she was the recipient of the 2011 Red Cross Hero Award for disaster relief and preparedness work. Charna holds a M.Sc. in Threat and Response Management (2009), a M.A. in Social Service Administration (2005), both from the University of Chicago; and a B.A. from Brandeis University (1999).

    Ameya Pawar serves as the Alderman of the 47th Ward on the Chicago City Council. He was elected to office in 2011. Since taking office, Ameya has passed legislation creating an independent budget office for Chicago City Council, passed the nation’s strongest anti-wage theft ordinance, and served on the Chicago Open 311 steering committee. Prior to taking office, Ameya spent 5 years working in emergency management and business continuity planning at Northwestern University. Ameya was a United States Department Scholar in 2009 and was named to Crain’s Chicago Business 40 under 40 list in 2011. Ameya holds a M.Sc. in Threat and Response Management from the University of Chicago (2009) and a M.P.A. in Public Administration from the Illinois Institute of Technology (2007).

    Scott C. Simon works at BCFS Health and Human Services in the emergency management division in San Antonio, Texas. He holds a M.Sc. in Threat and Response Management from the University of Chicago (2009) and a B.A. from Texas State University (2007).