For effective preparedness, emergency managers must comprehend how a disaster impacts not only the physical infrastructure of the affected community but also the population. They must understand how the people interact with one another, how they interact with government, and how they react to the disaster event. In other words, they must have social intelligence. Emergency Management and Social Intelligence: A Comprehensive All-Hazards Approach provides a comprehensive framework for understanding a community before, during, and after a disaster in order to best mitigate the effect of a disaster on its people.
After an overview of what we’ve learned and what we haven’t learned from past events, the book provides detailed case studies on a spectrum of disasters spanning a century, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, and oil spills. This context provides a framework for understanding a host of essential issues, including:
- The interplay between how people perceive people in their communities, the public policy which results from socially constructed views, and the issues which surface during and after disaster as a result
- The base logic of Social Intelligence which is rooted in the U.S. national security and intelligence apparatus
- The application of the intelligence cycle in emergency management and how to develop and understand situational awareness
- Baseline data points applicable to any community or jurisdiction and how they can be woven together to build on existing jurisdictional competence and real-time situational awareness
- How geographic information systems (GISs) are used in emergency management, along with their limitations and the different software programs available
- Modeling for disasters and how this helps the emergency management community plan for and respond to disasters
- How emergency managers can use social intelligence to build resiliency at the local level and harness preexisting community strength before, during, and after a disaster
The insight presented in this volume supplies emergency managers, policy makers, and elected officials with a powerful blueprint for implementing social intelligence in any community or organization, maximizing the effectiveness of disaster recovery efforts. Equally important, this volume supplies emergency managers, municipalities, government organizations, and private sector entities with a framework to understand and identify social and economic fault lines in communities.
Table of Contents
HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF US DISASTER POLICY
Social Vulnerability & Policy
Social Policy Movements & History
Disaster Policy History and Outcomes
Alexandria Relief Bill
The Great Influenza
San Francisco Earthquake
Missouri Ice Storms
Lessons Learned from these disasters
INTELLIGENCE METHODOLOGY & EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
Overview of nation's intelligence operations
Comprehensive study of geopolitical and socioeconomic landscape
How intelligence shapes defense and foreign policy
Social vulnerability - what that means and how we currently measure it
Connect the dots
Develop actionable policy or systems
Robust Planning for Complex Events
EM situational awareness
Identify emerging trends
Building flexible response mechanisms
PROGRAM and POLICY PRESCRIPTIONS
Money, Technology & Communications
Identify cost savings for future disaster planning and response efforts
Better budgeting and capital improvement planning
Leveraging GIS and emerging technologies
Develop targeted communications platforms
At the Local and State Level
Identify emerging trends
Respond more effectively
Develop robust statewide policies/programs for community development, etc.
Leverage information to identify additional federal resources for additional local support
Develop comprehensive mitigation, preparation and recovery strategies
Prevent Katrina like response failures
Enhance value of emergency management
Charna R. Epstein is the Chief Operating Officer at the University of Chicago Urban Education Institute (UEI). Prior to her work at UEI, Charna spent over ten years working in emergency and disaster management, primarily as the Director of Crisis Prevention, Resettlement and Disaster Recovery at Heartland Alliance for Human Needs and Human Rights. Charna also worked in Chicago government for three years and as a fellow at FEMA Region V. Among a number of awards, she was the recipient of the 2011 Red Cross Hero Award for disaster relief and preparedness work. Charna holds a M.Sc. in Threat and Response Management (2009), a M.A. in Social Service Administration (2005), both from the University of Chicago; and a B.A. from Brandeis University (1999).
Ameya Pawar serves as the Alderman of the 47th Ward on the Chicago City Council. He was elected to office in 2011. Since taking office, Ameya has passed legislation creating an independent budget office for Chicago City Council, passed the nation’s strongest anti-wage theft ordinance, and served on the Chicago Open 311 steering committee. Prior to taking office, Ameya spent 5 years working in emergency management and business continuity planning at Northwestern University. Ameya was a United States Department Scholar in 2009 and was named to Crain’s Chicago Business 40 under 40 list in 2011. Ameya holds a M.Sc. in Threat and Response Management from the University of Chicago (2009) and a M.P.A. in Public Administration from the Illinois Institute of Technology (2007).
Scott C. Simon works at BCFS Health and Human Services in the emergency management division in San Antonio, Texas. He holds a M.Sc. in Threat and Response Management from the University of Chicago (2009) and a B.A. from Texas State University (2007).