1st Edition

English as a Medium of Instruction in South Asia Issues in Equity and Social Justice

    342 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book examines the ‘English mania phenomenon’ and the complex circumstances of adopting English Medium Instruction (EMI) by South Asian education systems and the effect of an uneven distribution of resources on the already under-resourced countries in the region.

    Chapters explore linguistic, social, and economic injustices by using an analytic-critical approach to examinations of the place, role, provisions, and practices of EMI in specific English language teaching (ELT) contexts. The book consequently advocates for the wholescale reform of a system, which, the authors argue, is unjust. Ultimately, the book explores socio-cultural, poststructuralist, and English linguistic imperialism theories to contribute a South Asian perspective on the controversy surrounding EMI and examine its role within a wider global discourse on equity and social justice.

    Critically examining the spread of English in South Asia, this book will be of relevance to researchers, scholars, and postgraduate students in applied linguistics, language education, TESOL, and sociolinguistics.

    Foreword: Suresh Canagarajah  1. Introduction Ram Ashish Giri, Amol Padwad and Mian Md. Naushaad Kabir  Part 1: Approaching EMI in South Asia 2. EMI in South Asia: The Ideological Underpinnings and Practical Considerations Ram Ashish Giri, Amol Padwad and Mian Md. Naushaad Kabir  3. EMI in the Multilingual Ecology of South Asia: Historical Development, Shifting Paradigms, and Transformative Practices Shaila Sultana  4. Medium of Education and Inequality in University Admission Tests:  Exploring the Case of a Flagship University in Bangladesh Mohammod Moninoor Roshid, Golam Kader Zilany and Noshin Afroz  5. Social Construction of EMI in India: Situating EMI within the Multilingual Education Paradigm Padmini Bhuyan Boruah and Ajit K. Mohanty  6. EMI, ELT, and Social Justice: Case of Pakistan Fauzia Shamim  Part 2: EMI in South Asia: Historical Perspectives 7. English, EMI and Social Justice: The Indian (Hi)Story Amol Padwad  8. English Medium Education in Sri Lanka: A Socio-political Perspective S. A. Kularathne and T. Karunakaran  9. English Medium Instruction in the Bhutanese Education System: A Historical Journey Pema Dendup  10. Trajectory of English Medium Education in a Post-War Community: A Historical Perspective from Jaffna, Sri Lanka K. Sivaji and M. K. Saravanapava Iyer  Part 3: EMI in South Asia: Policy and Pedagogical Perspectives 11. English as a Medium of Instruction and Social Justice in Higher Education in Bangladesh and Nepal: A Capability Perspective Prithvi N. Shrestha, Sayeedur Rahman and Bharat Babu Shrestha  12. Effectiveness of English Medium Instruction (EMI) Courses at the Undergraduate Level in the English Department of a Public University Tazin Aziz Chaudhury and Rumana Rafique  13. English Language and In(Equity): Seminal Issues Concerning Lanuage-In-Education Policy and Practices in India Ruchi Kaushik and A. L. Khanna  14. Building or Bridging the Gap: Issues and Perspectives on Linguistic Ecology, Social Justice and EMI in the Context of Pakistan Urooj Yahya, Rahila Huma Anwar and Sajida Zaki  15. The Changing Status and Role of English in Afghanistan Ram Ashish Giri  16. The Long Fingers of English: The Impact of EMI Policies on Non-EMI Courses in the Maldives Naashia Mohamed  17. Policy Negotiations, Equity, and Social Justice in EMI Classrooms: A Study of Teachers’ Perspectives Santosh Mahapatra and Lakshmana Rao Pinninti  18. Multi-Layered Framework of Promoting Social Justices in English Education: EMI Policies and Practices in Nepal Kamal Raj Devkota  19. Afterword Mahmud Hasan Khan


    Ram Ashish Giri is an Academic in teaching and research in TESOL, Monash College/Monash University, Australia.

    Amol Padwad is a Professor of English language education and Director of the Centre for English Language Education (CELE), Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University Delhi, India.

    Mian Md. Naushaad Kabir is an Associate Professor of English Language Education and the immediate past head of the Department of English Language, Institute of Modern Languages, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.