Enquiry-based Science Education: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Enquiry-based Science Education

1st Edition

By Robyn M. Gillies

CRC Press

120 pages | 10 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780367279233
pub: 2020-02-27
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Description

Students often think of science as disconnected pieces of information rather than a narrative that challenges their thinking, requires them to develop evidence-based explanations for the phenomena under investigation, and communicate their ideas in discipline-specific language as to why certain solutions to a problem work. The author provides teachers in primary and junior secondary school with different evidence-based strategies they can use to teach inquiry science in their classrooms. The research and theoretical perspectives that underpin the strategies are discussed as are examples of how different ones areimplemented in science classrooms to affect student engagement and learning.

Key Features:

  • Presents processes involved in teaching inquiry-based science

  • Discusses importance of multi-modal representations in teaching inquiry based-science

  • Covers ways to develop scientifically literacy

  • Uses the Structure of Observed learning Outcomes (SOLO) Taxonomy to assess student reasoning, problem-solving and learning

  • Presents ways to promote scientific discourse, including teacher-student interactions, student-student interactions, and meta-cognitive thinking

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Inquiry-based science

BACKGROUND

INQUIRY-BASED SCIENCE

USING INQUIRY-BASED SCIENCE TO CHALLENGE THINKING

Cooperative Learning Activities

Strategies to help students learn to work cooperatively together

Group size

Group composition.

Type of task

Individual reflection activity

Group’s Action Plan

Characteristics of Complex Tasks

CHALLENGES IMPLEMENTING INQUIRY-BASED SCIENCE

CHAPTER SUMMARY

ADDITIONAL READINGS

Chapter 2: Visual, embodied and language representations in teaching inquiry based-science: A case study

INTRODUCTION

TYPES OF REPRESENTATIONS

Purpose of the case study

METHOD

Context for the study

Inquiry-based science unit

Data collection

Teacher measures

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The inquiry-based science lessons

Lesson 1: Engage

Lesson 2: Explore

Lesson 3: Explain

Lesson 4: Elaborate

Lesson 5: Evaluate

CHAPTER SUMMARY

ADDITIONAL READINGS

Chapter 3: Developing scientific literacy

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND

SCIENTIFIC LITERACY

Questions that challenge children’s understandings

Question Stems and Cognitive Processes

The discourse of science

Encouraging audience participation

Linguistic Tools that promote student discussion

Accountable Talk

Exploratory Talk

Philosophy for Children (P4C)

CHAPTER SUMMARY

ADDITIONAL READINGS

Chapter 4: Promoting scientific discourse

INTRODUCTION

DIALOGIC TEACHING

Example of Dialogic Teaching

Dialogic interactions in a cooperative group setting

STRATEGIES TO PROMOTE DIALOGIC INTERACTIONS

DIALOGIC STRATEGIES FOR STUDENTS

Critical Thinking Skills

CHAPTER SUMMARY

ADDITIONAL READINGS

Chapter 5: Structuring cooperative learning to promote social and academic learning

INTRODUCTION

COOPERATIVE LEARNING

BENEFITS OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING

Advantages of small, cooperative group instruction

Types of cooperative learning groups

KEY ELEMENTS IN COOPERATIVE LEARNING

Skills that Facilitate Interpersonal Communication

STRATEGIES FOR CONSTRUCTING COOPERATION IN GROUPS

STRATEGIES FOR ASSESSING COOPERATIVE LEARNING

CHAPTER SUMMARY

ADDITIONAL READINGS

Chapter 6: The Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO) Taxonomy: Assessing students’ reasoning, problem-solving and learning

INTRODUCTION

THE SOLO TAXONOMY

FIVE LEVELS OF THE SOLO TAXONOMY

INTENDED LEARNING OUTCOMES

Examples of the increasing complexity in students’ language: Using the SOLO Taxonomy

CHAPTER SUMMARY

ADDITIONAL READINGS

About the Author

Professor Robyn Gillies has worked extensively in both primary and secondary schools to embed STEM education initiatives into the science curriculum. This includes helping teachers to embed inquiry skills into the science curricula so they capture students’ interests, provide opportunities for them to explore possible solutions to problems, explain phenomena, elaborate on potential outcomes, and evaluate findings. Professor Gillies is a Chief Investigator on the Science of Learning Research Centre (SLRC), her recommendations on how teachers can translate research into practice have been widely profiled in the international literature and on the website of the Smithsonian Science Education Center in Washington, DC.

About the Series

Global Science Education

Learning about the scientific education systems in the global context is of utmost importance now for two reasons. Firstly, the academic community is now international. It is no longer limited to top universities, as the mobility of staff and students is very common even in remote places. Secondly, education systems need to continually evolve in order to cope with the market demand. Contrary to the past when the pioneering countries were the most innovative ones, now emerging economies are more eager to push the boundaries of innovative education. Here, an overall picture of the whole field is provided. Moreover, the entire collection is indeed an encyclopedia of science education, and can be used as a resource for global education.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General