Environmental Transport Phenomena  book cover
1st Edition

Environmental Transport Phenomena

ISBN 9780429101731
Published December 1, 2014 by CRC Press
244 Pages

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Book Description

Environmental Transport Phenomena offers a detailed yet accessible introduction to transport phenomena. It begins by explaining the underlying principles and mechanisms that govern mass transport and continues by tackling practical problems spanning all subdisciplines of environmental science and chemical engineering.

Assuming some knowledge of ordinary differential equations and a familiarity with basic applications of fluid mechanics, this classroom-tested text:

  • Addresses mass conservation and macroscopic mass balances, placing a special emphasis on applications to environmental processes
  • Covers the fundamentals of diffusive transport, applications of the diffusion equation, and diffusive transport in reactive systems
  • Discusses convective transport, hydrodynamic dispersion, and transport in multiphase systems
  • Presents a mathematical framework for formulating and solving transport phenomena problems

Environmental Transport Phenomena makes an ideal textbook for a one-semester advanced undergraduate or graduate introductory course in transport phenomena. It provides a fundamental understanding of how to quantify the spread and distribution of contaminants in the environment as well as the basis for designing processes related to water purification, wastewater treatment, and solid waste disposal, among others.

Table of Contents

Series Preface




Scope and Motivation

Mass Conservation and Macroscopic Mass Balances

The Principle of Conservation of Mass and the Total Mass Balance

Macroscopic Mass Balance for a Chemical Species in a Mixture

Diffusive Transport: Introductory Concepts

Diffusion Fundamentals

Diffusion as a Mass Transfer Mechanism

Binary Systems

Pseudo-Binary Systems

Multicomponent Systems

One-Dimensional, Steady Diffusion

Diffusion through a Solid Membrane

Analysis of a Pervaporation Process

Evaporation of a Liquid into a Stagnant Gas Layer: The Stefan Problem

Diffusive Transport: Applications of the Diffusion Equation

Conservation of Mass of a Chemical Species in a Mixture

One-Dimensional, Steady Diffusion

Steady Diffusion through an Annular Membrane

Diffusion from a Sphere Submerged in a Stagnant Fluid: Dissolution of a Spherical Solid Particle

Transient Diffusion

Transient Mass Transfer in a Flat Membrane

Transient Mass Transfer in Long Cylinders and Spheres

Transient Leaching from a Semi-Infinite Solid

Diffusive Transport in Reactive Systems

Treatment of Reactive Systems

Transport and Homogeneous Reaction in a Biofilm

Diffusion with Heterogeneous Chemical Reaction

Enhanced (Facilitated) Diffusion

Convective Transport

The Role of Momentum Balances in Convective Transport

Mass and Momentum Balances

Velocity Distributions in One-Dimensional Flows

Velocity Distribution between Parallel Plates When the Fluid Movement Is Induced by the Motion of One of the Plates (Simple Shear Flow)

Velocity Distribution in a Liquid Film Flowing Down on an Inclined Surface

Velocity Distribution for Developed Flow in a Pipe

Convective Mass Transfer in the Entrance Region of a Pipe in Laminar Flow

Convective Mass Transfer Correlations

Hydrodynamic Dispersion

The Concept of Hydrodynamic Dispersion and Taylor–Aris Theory

Generalization of the Dispersion Model

Turbulent Dispersion

Solutions of the Convective–Dispersion Equation

Transport in Multiphase Systems

Multiphase Systems and Porous Media

Single-Phase Flow in Porous Media: Darcy’s Law

Diffusion in Porous Media and Multiphase Systems

Dispersion in Porous Media

Experimental Determination of the Longitudinal Dispersivity in 1-D Flows

Experimental Determination of the Lateral Dispersivity in 1-D Flows

Transport in Porous Media: Fluid/Solid Interactions

Equilibrium Adsorption in Porous Media: Linear Equilibrium

Equilibrium Adsorption in Porous Media: Nonlinear Equilibrium

Transport in Porous Media with Rate-Limited Adsorption and/or Chemical Reaction

Adsorption and Reaction in Porous Media with Mass Transfer Limitations


Appendix A: Vectors and Vector Operations

Appendix B: The Continuity Equation

Appendix C: Mass Transfer Point Equations

Appendix D: Bessel Functions


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A. Eduardo Sáez is a distinguished professor in the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering and an adjunct professor in the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health at the University of Arizona, Tucson, USA. He holds a B.Sc from Simón Bolívar University, Caracas, Venezuela, and an MS and Ph.D from the University of California at Davis, USA. Dr. Sáez has been a faculty member at Simón Bolívar University and North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA, and a visiting scholar at Bristol University, UK, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington. He has earned numerous awards for his research and teaching.

James C. Baygents is the associate dean for academic affairs in the College of Engineering at the University of Arizona (UA), Tucson, USA. He is also a member of the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering and the Program in Applied Mathematics at UA. He holds a BS from Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA, and an MA and Ph.D from Princeton University, New Jersey, USA. Dr. Baygents has been a visiting scientist and research fellow at the Space Science Laboratory at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama. He has earned numerous awards and received recognition for his research and teaching.


"This textbook, authored by accomplished professors, is a very comprehensive resource for modeling and analyzing the environmental fate of chemicals and contaminants in the ecosystem using fundamental principles of transport phenomena."
––Sunggyu Lee, Ohio University, Athens, USA

"The approach and selected topics are excellent. … I believe the book Environmental Transport Phenomena will give an in-depth understanding of transport phenomena and how it is applied."
––Nayef Ghasem, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain

"…the authors of Environmental Transport Phenomena have done great work by including several illustrations and examples to explain the fundamental concepts in each chapter. Overall, the book is well organized. I strongly recommend it for senior chemical and environmental engineering undergraduate students, for courses on process modeling and simulation, and for graduate students taking courses in transport phenomena."
Vadose Zone Journal, May 2016