Equine Acute Abdomen: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Equine Acute Abdomen

1st Edition

By Nathaniel A. White, James N. Moore, Tim S. Mair

Teton NewMedia

770 pages

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Hardback: 9781591610298
pub: 2009-10-31
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pub: 2009-10-31
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This title allows users to effectively diagnose and treat any acute disease of the stomach, intestines, peritoneum, liver, and abdominal wall. Its authorship includes over 20 internationally recognized experts that provide critical information needed by practitioners for management of abdominal diseases. This informative resource provides a thorough discussion of normal and abnormal anatomy and physiology. Surgical techniques are broken down into an easy-to-read step-by-step format. This highly visual presentation, with over 410 illustrations, is a necessary edition to an equine practitioner’s library.

Published by Teton New Media in the USA and distributed by Manson Publishing outside of North America.

Table of Contents

Normal Anatomy and Physiology

Gross and Microscopic Anatomy of the Equine Gastrointestinal Tract Thomas M. Krunkosky, Carla Jarrett, and James N. Moore


Esophagus-Stomach Junction


Stomach-Small Intestine Junction

Small Intestine

Large Intestine




Physiology of the Digestive Tract

Gastric Secretory Function – Michael J. Murray

Small Intestine Function – David E. Freeman

Digestive Physiology – Anatomy

Intraluminal Digestion

Absorption of Ions and Water

Absorption of Carbohydrate, Protein and Fat

Iron Absorption

Calcium and Magnesium Absorption

Intestinal Secretion


Control of Motility

Function of the Ileum

Large Bowel Function – Marco A.F. Lopes

Motility Patterns and Transit of Contents

Microbial Activity and Fermentation

Secretion and Absorption

Liver Function – Tim S. Mair

Bile Acid Metabolism and Excretion of Bile

Protein Metabolism

Carbohydrate Metabolism

Lipid Metabolism

Detoxification and Drug Metabolism


Effects of Feeding on Equine Gastrointestinal Function or Physiology Marco A.F. Lopes

Feeding Grain

Feeding Lush Grass

Replacing Grain With Fat

Feeding Mature Grass and Poor Quality Hay

Feeding Large Meals Intermittently and Fasting

Intestinal Motility and Transit Peter C. Rakestraw

Physiology of Normal Motility

Pathophysiology of Ileus

Treatment of Motility Disorders in the Horse

Pathophysiology of Gastrointestinal Diseases

Pathophysiology of Gastric Ulcer Disease Michael J. Murray

Gastric Ulcer Disease

Pathophysiology of Gastrointestinal Disease: Obstruction and Strangulation Anthony T. Blikslager

Simple Obstruction

Strangulating Obstruction

Intestinal Reparative Mechanisms

Prevention and Treatment of Postoperative Intraabdominal Adhesions in Horses P.O. Eric Mueller

Current Concepts in Pathophysiology of Adhesion Formation

Diagnosis of Intraabdominal Adhesions

Current Concepts in Prevention of Adhesion Formation

Separation of Adhesiogenic Surfaces

Treatment of Intraabdominal Adhesions

Adhesion Prevention Strategies

Pathophysiology of Peritonitis John F. Peroni

Anatomy and Physiology of the Peritoneum

Etiology of Peritonitis

Clinical Presentation

Diagnostic Approach

Pathophysiology of Enteritis and Colitis Harold C. McKenzie






Osmotic Diarrhea

Decreased Absorption

Endothelial Dysfunction

Specific Diseases

Malabsorption Syndromes Tim S. Mair and Thomas J. Divers

Causes of Malabsorption Syndrome

Clinical Signs



Liver Diseases and Liver Failure Tim S. Mair and Thomas J. Divers

Causes of Liver Disease

Diagnosis of Liver Disease


Theiler’s Disease (Serum Hepatitis)

Other Causes of Acute Hepatic Disease and Failure in Adult Horses

Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Intoxication

Cholangiohepatitis and Choledocholithiasis

Other Biliary Conditions

Chronic Active Hepatitis

Klein Grass (Panicium Coloratum) Toxicity

Alsike Clover Toxicity

Hepatic Neoplasia

Hepatic Amyloidosis

Iron Overload, Hemochromatosis

Right Hepatic Lobe Atrophy

Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome: Endotoxemia Reconsidered Clare E. Bryant and James N. Moore

Responses to Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns

Receptors for Gram-Negative Bacteria and Bacterial Ligands

Receptors for Gram-Positive Bacteria and Bacterial Ligands

Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome

Inflammatory Mediators and Their Source in the Horse

Intestinal Parasitism

Intestinal Parasitism Christopher J. Proudman

Principles of Iintestinal Parasitism

Strongylus Vulgaris



Parascaris Equorum

Other Intestinal Parasites



Epidemiology of Colic Noah D. Cohen

General Epidemiologic Considerations

Incidence of Colic

Factors that Predispose to Colic

Factors Indicating the Need for Surgical Management of Colic

Frequency of and Factors Associated with Survival from Colic and Colic Surgery

Study of Colic Problems in Individuals and Herds


Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Disease Emma L. Rowe and Nathaniel A.White



Physical Examination

Hematology, Blood Gases, and Serum Biochemistry





Fecal Examination

Transit Time

Exploratory Laparotomy

False Colic

Decision for Surgery

Medical Management

Medical Management of Gastrointestinal Diseases Tim S. Mair


Choice of Analgesics in Colic

Treatment of Intestinal Spasm and Spasmodic Colic

Treatment of Obstruction

Treatment of Flatulence and Tympany

Treatment of Ileus

Treatment of Shock Kevin T. T. Corley

Support of the Cardiovascular System

Fluid Therapy

Acid Base Balance

Types of Fluid

Oral Fluids

Delivery Systems

Recognition of Hypovolemia and Dehydration

Treatment Strategies

Treatment of Endotoxemia Kevin T. T. Corley and Gayle D. Hallowell

Drugs that Bind or Block Endotoxin

Anti-Inflammatory Agents

Modulation of the Coagulation System

Drugs Affecting Intracellular Metabolism

Treatment of Peritonitis John F. Peroni

Medical Treatment

Interventional Treatment

Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis and Treatment of Enteritis and Colitis in the Horse Harold C. McKenzie


Specific Syndromes


Supportive Therapies

Specific Therapies


Specific Diseases

Nonsurgical Management of Nephrosplenic Entrapment of the Large Colon Joanne Hardy

Clinical Presentation


Nonsurgical Correction

Complications and Prognosis

Prevention of Recurrence

Colic in the Foal Martin O. Furr

Abdominal Radiography




Case Synthesis and Management

Surgical Treatment

Gastroduodenal Ulceration

Small-Intestinal Obstruction

Large-Colon Obstruction


Nutritional Management

Nutritional Management of the Colic Patient Ray J. Geor

Rationale for Early Initiation of Nutritional Support after Colic and Intestinal Surgery

Estimating Nutrient Requirements

Modes of Nutritional Therapy

Feeding Management of Specific Gastrointestinal Conditions

Anesthesia for Abdominal Surgery

Anesthesia for Horses with Colic Cynthia M. Trim

Preanesthetic Assessment

Anesthetic Agents

Induction of Anesthesia

Maintenance of Anesthesia

Anesthetic Agents in Foals


Cardiovascular Support

Hypercapnia and Hypoxemia

Airway Management

Recovery from Anesthesia

Anesthesia for Surgery in the Standing Horse

Surgery for Acute Abdominal Disease

Preparation of the Patient David E. Freeman

Patient Preparation

Antiseptics Agents

Draping the Surgery Site

Surgical Exploration and Manipulation David E. Freeman

Ventral Midline Incision

Inguinal Approach

Flank Laparotomy

Alternative Approaches

Abdominal Exploration

Examination and Handling of Small Intestine

Examination and Handling of Large Intestine

Special Circumstances

Intestinal Placement

Surgical Techniques David E. Freeman

Surgical Team

Surgical Environment and Equipment

Gowns, Drapes and Accessories

Decompression and Drainage

Laparotomy Sponges

Surgical Instruments and Suture

Stapling Instruments

Miscellaneous Instruments

Surgical Procedures in the Small Intestine

Intestinal Viability David E. Freeman

Small Intestine

Large Colon and Cecum

Small Colon

Large-Colon Enterotomy, Resection and Anastomosis Joanne Hardy

Large-Colon Enterotomy

Large Colon Resection

Small Intestinal Resection and Anastomosis David E. Freeman

Extent of Resection

Resection of Mesentery


Resection and Anastomosis

Stoma Size

End-to-End Anastomosis

Stapled Jejunojejunostomy

Everted Triangulated Stapled Anastomosis

Stapled versus Handsewn Anastomoses for Jejunojejunostomy


Jejunocecal and Ileocecal Anastomoses

Pelvic Flexure Colotomy

Abdominal Closure David E. Freeman

Closure of the Peritoneum

Linea Alba Closure

Techniques and Principles

Subcutaneous Closure and Skin

Incisional Dressing

Recovery Stall

Abdominal Bandages

Postoperative Care

Healing of the Equine Linea Alba

Special Circumstances

Secondary Closure

Intensive Care and Postoperative Care

Monitoring Treatment for Abdominal Disease Tim S. Mair and Thomas J. Divers

Frequency of Examinations

Physical Examinations

Monitoring Clinical Pathology Parameters

Postoperative Complications Christopher J. Proudman

Postoperative Colic

Postoperative Ileus (POI)

Jugular Thrombosis and Thrombophlebitis

Incisional Infection

Incisional Hernia Formation



Specific Diseases

Diseases of the Stomach Michael J. Murray

Gastric Ulcer Syndromes

Gastric Impaction

Gastric Dilation


Liver Diseases In Foals Tim S. Mair and Thomas J. Divers

Portosystemic Shunts

Tyzzer’s Disease

Equine Herpes Virus 1 Hepatitis

Liver Failure in Foals after Neonatal Isoerythrolysis

Umbilical Vein Abscess Affecting the Liver

Portal Vein Thrombosis

Hyperammonemia of Morgan Foals

Bile Duct Obstruction

Toxic Hepatopathy

Diseases Of The Small Intestine David E. Freeman

Strangulating Obstruction

Nonstrangualting Obstruction

Inflammatory and Infiltrative Diseases

Diseases of the Cecum; Cecocecal and cecocolic intussusception James N. Moore and Joanne Hardy

Cecal Tympany

Cecal Impaction

Cecocecal and Cecocolic Intussusception

Specific diseases of the large colon Joanne Hardy

Large-Colon Tympany

Large Colon Impaction

Sand Impaction


Large-Colon Displacement

Other Simple Obstructions of the Large Colon

Large-Colon Torsion/Volvulus

Right Dorsal Colitis

Mural Infarction (Thromboembolic Colic)

Other Strangulating Lesions of the Large Colon

Disorders of the Small Colon John F. Peroni

Surgical Considerations Affected by Anatomic Features of the Small Colon

Obstructive Lesions

Vascular and Strangulating Lesions

Vascular and strangulating lesions Peter C. Rakestraw


Etiology and Prevention

Location and Classification of Rectal Tears

Clinical Signs and Diagnosis

Emergency Management

Medical Management

Surgical Management

Temporary Indwelling Rectal Liner

Loop Colostomy

Primary Repair

Nonvisual Direct Suturing Per Rectum

Ventral Midline Exposure and Antimesenteric Enterotomy for Suture Repair

Prognosis and Recommendations

Colic and Pregnancy Elizabeth M. Santschi

Colic during Pregnancy

Colic in the Peripartum Period

Colic From Alternative Systems – "False Colics" Tim S. Mair

Pain Associated with the Female Reproductive Tract

Pain Associated with the Male Reproductive Tract

Pain Associated with the Urinary Tract

Liver Diseases

The Pancreas

The Spleen

Pain Associated with the Respiratory Tract

Pain Associated with Cardiovascular Disease

Pain Associated with the Musculoskeletal System

Abdominal Injuries John F. Peroni

Diagnostic Approach


Laminitis Associated with Acute Abdominal Disease James K. Belknap and Andrew H. Parks


Clinical Presentation



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MEDICAL / Veterinary Medicine / Food Animal