770 Pages
    by Teton NewMedia

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    This title allows users to effectively diagnose and treat any acute disease of the stomach, intestines, peritoneum, liver, and abdominal wall. Its authorship includes over 20 internationally recognized experts that provide critical information needed by practitioners for management of abdominal diseases. This informative resource provides a thorough discussion of normal and abnormal anatomy and physiology. Surgical techniques are broken down into an easy-to-read step-by-step format. This highly visual presentation, with over 410 illustrations, is a necessary edition to an equine practitioner’s library.

    Published by Teton New Media in the USA and distributed by Manson Publishing outside of North America.

    Normal Anatomy and Physiology
    Gross and Microscopic Anatomy of the Equine Gastrointestinal Tract Thomas M. Krunkosky, Carla Jarrett, and James N. Moore
    Esophagus
    Esophagus-Stomach Junction
    Stomach
    Stomach-Small Intestine Junction
    Small Intestine
    Large Intestine
    Liver
    Spleen
    Pancreas
    Physiology of the Digestive Tract
    Gastric Secretory Function – Michael J. Murray
    Small Intestine Function – David E. Freeman
    Digestive Physiology – Anatomy
    Intraluminal Digestion
    Absorption of Ions and Water
    Absorption of Carbohydrate, Protein and Fat
    Iron Absorption
    Calcium and Magnesium Absorption
    Intestinal Secretion
    Motility
    Control of Motility
    Function of the Ileum
    Large Bowel Function – Marco A.F. Lopes
    Motility Patterns and Transit of Contents
    Microbial Activity and Fermentation
    Secretion and Absorption
    Liver Function – Tim S. Mair
    Bile Acid Metabolism and Excretion of Bile
    Protein Metabolism
    Carbohydrate Metabolism
    Lipid Metabolism
    Detoxification and Drug Metabolism
    Storage
    Effects of Feeding on Equine Gastrointestinal Function or Physiology Marco A.F. Lopes
    Feeding Grain
    Feeding Lush Grass
    Replacing Grain With Fat
    Feeding Mature Grass and Poor Quality Hay
    Feeding Large Meals Intermittently and Fasting
    Intestinal Motility and Transit Peter C. Rakestraw
    Physiology of Normal Motility
    Pathophysiology of Ileus
    Treatment of Motility Disorders in the Horse

    Pathophysiology of Gastrointestinal Diseases
    Pathophysiology of Gastric Ulcer Disease Michael J. Murray
    Gastric Ulcer Disease
    Pathophysiology of Gastrointestinal Disease: Obstruction and Strangulation Anthony T. Blikslager
    Simple Obstruction
    Strangulating Obstruction
    Intestinal Reparative Mechanisms
    Prevention and Treatment of Postoperative Intraabdominal Adhesions in Horses P.O. Eric Mueller
    Current Concepts in Pathophysiology of Adhesion Formation
    Diagnosis of Intraabdominal Adhesions
    Current Concepts in Prevention of Adhesion Formation
    Separation of Adhesiogenic Surfaces
    Treatment of Intraabdominal Adhesions
    Adhesion Prevention Strategies
    Pathophysiology of Peritonitis John F. Peroni
    Anatomy and Physiology of the Peritoneum
    Etiology of Peritonitis
    Clinical Presentation
    Diagnostic Approach
    Pathophysiology of Enteritis and Colitis Harold C. McKenzie
    Inflammation
    Pain
    Ileus
    Hypermotility
    Hypersecretion
    Osmotic Diarrhea
    Decreased Absorption
    Endothelial Dysfunction
    Specific Diseases
    Malabsorption Syndromes Tim S. Mair and Thomas J. Divers
    Causes of Malabsorption Syndrome
    Clinical Signs
    Diagnosis
    Treatment
    Liver Diseases and Liver Failure Tim S. Mair and Thomas J. Divers
    Causes of Liver Disease
    Diagnosis of Liver Disease
    Hyperlipemia
    Theiler’s Disease (Serum Hepatitis)
    Other Causes of Acute Hepatic Disease and Failure in Adult Horses
    Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Intoxication
    Cholangiohepatitis and Choledocholithiasis
    Other Biliary Conditions
    Chronic Active Hepatitis
    Klein Grass (Panicium Coloratum) Toxicity
    Alsike Clover Toxicity
    Hepatic Neoplasia
    Hepatic Amyloidosis
    Iron Overload, Hemochromatosis
    Right Hepatic Lobe Atrophy
    Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome: Endotoxemia Reconsidered Clare E. Bryant and James N. Moore
    Responses to Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns
    Receptors for Gram-Negative Bacteria and Bacterial Ligands
    Receptors for Gram-Positive Bacteria and Bacterial Ligands
    Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
    Inflammatory Mediators and Their Source in the Horse

    Intestinal Parasitism
    Intestinal Parasitism Christopher J. Proudman
    Principles of Iintestinal Parasitism
    Strongylus Vulgaris
    Cyathostomins
    Tapeworms
    Parascaris Equorum
    Other Intestinal Parasites
    Prevention

    Epidemiology
    Epidemiology of Colic Noah D. Cohen
    General Epidemiologic Considerations
    Incidence of Colic
    Factors that Predispose to Colic
    Factors Indicating the Need for Surgical Management of Colic
    Frequency of and Factors Associated with Survival from Colic and Colic Surgery
    Study of Colic Problems in Individuals and Herds

    Diagnosis
    Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Disease Emma L. Rowe and Nathaniel A.White
    Signalment
    History
    Physical Examination
    Hematology, Blood Gases, and Serum Biochemistry
    Ultrasonography
    Radiographs
    Endoscopy
    Laparoscopy
    Fecal Examination
    Transit Time
    Exploratory Laparotomy
    False Colic
    Decision for Surgery

    Medical Management
    Medical Management of Gastrointestinal Diseases Tim S. Mair
    Analgesia
    Choice of Analgesics in Colic
    Treatment of Intestinal Spasm and Spasmodic Colic
    Treatment of Obstruction
    Treatment of Flatulence and Tympany
    Treatment of Ileus
    Treatment of Shock Kevin T. T. Corley
    Support of the Cardiovascular System
    Fluid Therapy
    Acid Base Balance
    Types of Fluid
    Oral Fluids
    Delivery Systems
    Recognition of Hypovolemia and Dehydration
    Treatment Strategies
    Treatment of Endotoxemia Kevin T. T. Corley and Gayle D. Hallowell
    Drugs that Bind or Block Endotoxin
    Anti-Inflammatory Agents
    Modulation of the Coagulation System
    Drugs Affecting Intracellular Metabolism
    Treatment of Peritonitis John F. Peroni
    Medical Treatment
    Interventional Treatment
    Complications and Prognosis
    Diagnosis and Treatment of Enteritis and Colitis in the Horse Harold C. McKenzie
    Diagnosis
    Specific Syndromes
    Treatment
    Supportive Therapies
    Specific Therapies
    Surgery
    Specific Diseases
    Nonsurgical Management of Nephrosplenic Entrapment of the Large Colon Joanne Hardy
    Clinical Presentation
    Diagnosis
    Nonsurgical Correction
    Complications and Prognosis
    Prevention of Recurrence
    Colic in the Foal Martin O. Furr
    Abdominal Radiography
    Gastroendoscopy
    Ultrasonography
    Abdominocentesis
    Case Synthesis and Management
    Surgical Treatment
    Gastroduodenal Ulceration
    Small-Intestinal Obstruction
    Large-Colon Obstruction
    Atresia

    Nutritional Management
    Nutritional Management of the Colic Patient Ray J. Geor
    Rationale for Early Initiation of Nutritional Support after Colic and Intestinal Surgery
    Estimating Nutrient Requirements
    Modes of Nutritional Therapy
    Feeding Management of Specific Gastrointestinal Conditions

    Anesthesia for Abdominal Surgery
    Anesthesia for Horses with Colic Cynthia M. Trim
    Preanesthetic Assessment
    Anesthetic Agents
    Induction of Anesthesia
    Maintenance of Anesthesia
    Anesthetic Agents in Foals
    Monitoring
    Cardiovascular Support
    Hypercapnia and Hypoxemia
    Airway Management
    Recovery from Anesthesia
    Anesthesia for Surgery in the Standing Horse

    Surgery for Acute Abdominal Disease
    Preparation of the Patient David E. Freeman
    Patient Preparation
    Antiseptics Agents
    Draping the Surgery Site
    Surgical Exploration and Manipulation David E. Freeman
    Ventral Midline Incision
    Inguinal Approach
    Flank Laparotomy
    Alternative Approaches
    Abdominal Exploration
    Examination and Handling of Small Intestine
    Examination and Handling of Large Intestine
    Special Circumstances
    Intestinal Placement
    Surgical Techniques David E. Freeman
    Surgical Team
    Surgical Environment and Equipment
    Gowns, Drapes and Accessories
    Decompression and Drainage
    Laparotomy Sponges
    Surgical Instruments and Suture
    Stapling Instruments
    Miscellaneous Instruments
    Surgical Procedures in the Small Intestine
    Intestinal Viability David E. Freeman
    Small Intestine
    Large Colon and Cecum
    Small Colon
    Large-Colon Enterotomy, Resection and Anastomosis Joanne Hardy
    Large-Colon Enterotomy
    Large Colon Resection
    Small Intestinal Resection and Anastomosis David E. Freeman
    Extent of Resection
    Resection of Mesentery
    Decompression
    Resection and Anastomosis
    Stoma Size
    End-to-End Anastomosis
    Stapled Jejunojejunostomy
    Everted Triangulated Stapled Anastomosis
    Stapled versus Handsewn Anastomoses for Jejunojejunostomy
    Jejunoileostomy
    Jejunocecal and Ileocecal Anastomoses
    Pelvic Flexure Colotomy
    Abdominal Closure David E. Freeman
    Closure of the Peritoneum
    Linea Alba Closure
    Techniques and Principles
    Subcutaneous Closure and Skin
    Incisional Dressing
    Recovery Stall
    Abdominal Bandages
    Postoperative Care
    Healing of the Equine Linea Alba
    Special Circumstances
    Secondary Closure

    Intensive Care and Postoperative Care
    Monitoring Treatment for Abdominal Disease Tim S. Mair and Thomas J. Divers
    Frequency of Examinations
    Physical Examinations
    Monitoring Clinical Pathology Parameters
    Postoperative Complications Christopher J. Proudman
    Postoperative Colic
    Postoperative Ileus (POI)
    Jugular Thrombosis and Thrombophlebitis
    Incisional Infection
    Incisional Hernia Formation
    Adhesions
    Laminitis

    Specific Diseases
    Diseases of the Stomach Michael J. Murray
    Gastric Ulcer Syndromes
    Gastric Impaction
    Gastric Dilation
    Neoplasia
    Liver Diseases In Foals Tim S. Mair and Thomas J. Divers
    Portosystemic Shunts
    Tyzzer’s Disease
    Equine Herpes Virus 1 Hepatitis
    Liver Failure in Foals after Neonatal Isoerythrolysis
    Umbilical Vein Abscess Affecting the Liver
    Portal Vein Thrombosis
    Hyperammonemia of Morgan Foals
    Bile Duct Obstruction
    Toxic Hepatopathy
    Diseases Of The Small Intestine David E. Freeman
    Strangulating Obstruction
    Nonstrangualting Obstruction
    Inflammatory and Infiltrative Diseases
    Diseases of the Cecum; Cecocecal and cecocolic intussusception James N. Moore and Joanne Hardy
    Cecal Tympany
    Cecal Impaction
    Cecocecal and Cecocolic Intussusception
    Specific diseases of the large colon Joanne Hardy
    Large-Colon Tympany
    Large Colon Impaction
    Sand Impaction
    Enterolithiasis
    Large-Colon Displacement
    Other Simple Obstructions of the Large Colon
    Large-Colon Torsion/Volvulus
    Right Dorsal Colitis
    Mural Infarction (Thromboembolic Colic)
    Other Strangulating Lesions of the Large Colon
    Disorders of the Small Colon John F. Peroni
    Surgical Considerations Affected by Anatomic Features of the Small Colon
    Obstructive Lesions
    Vascular and Strangulating Lesions
    Vascular and strangulating lesions Peter C. Rakestraw
    Anatomy
    Etiology and Prevention
    Location and Classification of Rectal Tears
    Clinical Signs and Diagnosis
    Emergency Management
    Medical Management
    Surgical Management
    Temporary Indwelling Rectal Liner
    Loop Colostomy
    Primary Repair
    Nonvisual Direct Suturing Per Rectum
    Ventral Midline Exposure and Antimesenteric Enterotomy for Suture Repair
    Prognosis and Recommendations
    Colic and Pregnancy Elizabeth M. Santschi
    Colic during Pregnancy
    Colic in the Peripartum Period
    Colic From Alternative Systems – "False Colics" Tim S. Mair
    Pain Associated with the Female Reproductive Tract
    Pain Associated with the Male Reproductive Tract
    Pain Associated with the Urinary Tract
    Liver Diseases
    The Pancreas
    The Spleen
    Pain Associated with the Respiratory Tract
    Pain Associated with Cardiovascular Disease
    Pain Associated with the Musculoskeletal System
    Abdominal Injuries John F. Peroni
    Diagnostic Approach
    Treatment
    Laminitis Associated with Acute Abdominal Disease James K. Belknap and Andrew H. Parks
    Pathogenesis
    Clinical Presentation
    Treatment
    Index

    Biography

    Nathaniel A. White, James N. Moore, Tim S. Mair