1st Edition

Ergonomics in the Automotive Design Process

By Vivek D. Bhise Copyright 2012
    330 Pages 150 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    The auto industry is facing tough competition and severe economic constraints. Their products need to be designed "right the first time" with the right combinations of features that not only satisfy the customers but continually please and delight them by providing increased functionality, comfort, convenience, safety, and craftsmanship. Based on the author's forty plus years of experience as a human factors researcher, engineer, manager, and teacher who has conducted numerous studies and analyses, Ergonomics in the Automotive Design Process covers the entire range of ergonomics issues involved in designing a car or truck and provides evaluation techniques to avoid costly mistakes and assure high customer satisfaction.

    The book begins with the definitions and goals of ergonomics, historic background, and ergonomics approaches. It covers human characteristics, capabilities, and limitations considered in vehicle design in key areas such as anthropometry, biomechanics, and human information processing. It then examines how the driver and the occupants are positioned in the vehicle space and how package drawings and/or computer-aided design models are created from key vehicle dimensions used in the automobile industry. The author describes design tools used in the industry for occupant packaging, driver vision, and applications of other psychophysical methods. He covers important driver information processing concepts and models and driver error categories to understand key considerations and principles used in designing controls, displays, and their usages, including current issues related to driver workload and driver distractions.

    The author has included only the topics and materials that he found to be useful in designing car and truck products and concentrated on the ergonomic issues generally discussed in the automotive design studios and product development teams. He distills the information needed to be a member of an automotive product development team and create an ergonomically superior vehicle.

    Introduction to Automotive Ergonomics
    Engineering Anthropometry and Biomechanics
    Occupant Packaging
    Driver Information Acquisition and Processing
    Controls, Displays and Interior Layout.
    Field of Views From Automotive Vehicles
    Introduction to Field of View
    Automotive Lighting
    Entry and Exit From Automotive Vehicles
    Automotive Exterior Interfaces: Service and Loading/Unloading Tasks
    Automotive Craftmanship
    Role of Ergonomics Engineers in the Automotive Design Process

    Modeling Driver Vision
    Driver Performance Measurement
    Driver Workload Measurement
    Vehicle Evaluation Methods
    Special Driver and User Populations
    Future Research and New Technology Issues


    Vivek D. Bhise

    "This valuable reference volume is strongly recommended for addition to the bookshelf of anyone associated with the automobile industry, but it is also for the common man or woman with special interests in automobile design."
    —Sougata Karmakar in Ergonomics in Design, January 2014