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1st Edition

Estimating Building Costs




ISBN 9780824740863
Published April 22, 2003 by CRC Press
766 Pages

 
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Book Description

Companies live or die on the basis of estimating their costs. Preparing estimates and bidding for new jobs is a complex and often costly process. There is no substitute for on the job training -- until now. Drawing on the authors' combined experience of more than 70 years, Estimating Building Costs presents state-of-the-art principles, practices, and techniques for assessing these expenditures that can be applied regardless of changes in the costs of materials, equipment, and labor. The book is an efficient and practical tool for developing contracts or controlling project costs.

The authors cover the major components of the direct cost: estimating procedures and cost trends related to materials, construction equipment, and skilled and unskilled labor. They describe various types of building estimates encountered during the lifecycle of a project, as well as the role and accuracy of each. The book provides an overview of the industry, cost indexes in use, approaches to preparing a detailed estimate, and an in-depth description of the organization and function of the estimating group. Including CSI Master Format and UniFormat codes, estimating forms, a list of available estimating software packages, a detailed construction site and investigation report, the book provides a cost estimating methodology that readers can tailor to their own organizational needs.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
Construction Industry
Construction Cost Indexes
Preparing the Detailed Estimate
Sources for New Projects
Building Cost Information Standards
Errors and Omissions Management
The Estimating Department
Review Questions

TYPES OF ESTIMATES
Building Cost Estimates Classification
Conceptual Estimate (Engineer's Estimate)
Firm Price Contracting Estimate
Non Firm-Price Contracting
Accuracy of Cost Estimates
Review Questions

ESTIMATING THE COST OF MATERIALS
Determining Material Quantities
Waste Factors
Pricing Materials
Material Pricing Sources
Trends in Material Prices
Review Questions

ESTIMATING THE COST OF LABOR
Construction Labor
Construction Labor Environment in the United States
Monetary Factors
Labor Productivity
Review Questions

ESTIMATING THE COST OF CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT
Introduction
Construction Equipment
Equipment Planning
Equipment Procurement Sources and Associated Costs
Construction Tools
Review Questions

THE BIDDING PROCESS
Getting a Construction Contract: A Contractor's Perspective
Subcontracted Work
Pre-Bid Conference
Bidding Flowchart
Alternates and Unit Prices
Closing the Bid
Review Questions

SITE WORK
Introduction to Site Work
Subsurface Investigation
Site Preparation
Earthwork
Excavation Support
Construction Dewatering
Piles Foundation
Paving and Surfacing
Site Improvements and Landscaping
Review Questions

CONCRETE
Introduction to Concrete Work
Basic Concrete Materials and Methods
Concrete Forms and Accessories
Concrete Reinforcement
Cast-in-Place Concrete
Precast Concrete
Cementitious Decks and Underlayment
Review Questions

MASONRY
Introduction to Masonry
Clay Masonry Units (Brick)
Concrete Masonry Units
Other Types of Masonry Units
Masonry Mortar
Masonry Grout, Reinforcement, and Masonry Accessories
Masonry Cost Estimation
Review Questions

METALS
Introduction to Metals
Structural Metal Framing
Metal Joists
Metal Decking
Light-Gauge Framing and Miscellaneous Metals
Review Questions

WOOD
Introduction
Rough Carpentry
Finish Carpentry
Review Questions

THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION
Introduction to Thermal and Moisture Protection
Waterproofing
Dampproofing
Insulation
Roofing
Sample of Quantity Take-Off and Pricing for Moisture Protection
Review Questions

DOORS AND WINDOWS
Introduction to Doors and Windows
Doors and Door Frames
Windows and Window Frames
Glazing, Hardware, and Accessories
Doors and Windows Cost Estimation
Review Questions

FINISHES
Lath and Plaster Work
Gypsum Plasterboard Systems
Ceramic Tile Work
Marble and Stone Flooring
Terrazzo Work
Acoustical Treatment
Finished Wood Flooring
Resilient Flooring
Carpets, Underlay, and Trim
Painting and Decorating
Wall Coverings
Review Questions

Mechanical Work
Introduction to Plumbing and Sewage Systems
Rough and Finish Plumbing
Plumbing Codes and Specifications
Plumbing Systems
Sewage Systems
Materials for Plumbing and Sewage Systems
Labor for Plumbing and Sewage Systems
Cost Estimate for Plumbing and Sewage Systems
Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning
Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Systems
Labor for HVAC Systems
Cost Estimate for HVAC Systems
Review Questions

ELECTRICAL WORK
Introduction to Electrical Work
Take-Off Procedures for Various Electrical Components
Pricing Electrical Work
Review Questions

JOBSITE OVERHEAD
Introduction: The Cost of Doing Business
Jobsite Personnel
Travel Expenses
Site Engineering Support
Construction Equipment and Aids for General Use
Temporary Field Buildings -Offices
Temporary Site Utilities
Horizontal Temporary Construction
Materials Storage Facilities
Camp Facilities
Production Facilities for Remote Sites
Personal Protective Aids
Site Security
Miscellaneous Expenses
Review Questions

SURETY BONDS, INSURANCE, AND TAXES
Surety Bonds
Insurance
Taxes (County, State, Federal)
Review Questions
General Overhead, Contingencies, and Profit
General Overhead (Home Office Expenses)
General Overhead Allocation
Construction Contingencies
Contractor/Subcontractor Profit
Review Questions

Appendix 1:MasterFormat Lite and UniFormat Lite
Appendix 2:Estimating Forms
Appendix 3:Cost Estimating Software
Appendix 4:Cost Estimating Sources
Appendix 5:Construction Site Investigation Report

References
Index

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