The imperative to include children and young people in educational research, and in more participative ways, is educationally important when exploring policy and practice contexts. It is also critical to recognise that children have the right to contribute to debates, and can express their views through educational research, on matters that affect them. However, the freedom to research alongside young people is only afforded if we continue to unmask the illusion that well-intentioned research is always ethical. This book presents an international set of storied experiences, where researchers have been challenged and have changed the way they think, incorporating and exploring ethics in research. The contributors highlight the ethical dilemmas that can arise when children and young people are included in research agendas, and their reflexive approaches to these dilemmas include being responsive to the cultural, political and social contexts of the lives of the children and developing child-friendly research approaches to ensure their ‘voice’ is accessed in multiple ways.
These solution-focused and local approaches facilitate a more ethical, deliberative process where the establishment of trust is central to an ethical engagement with young people and their families and where the explication of ethical dilemmas can improve research practice. This book is a critical resource for researchers and practitioners researching with and alongside children and young people.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Inclusive Education.
Introduction: The ethics of including and ‘standing up’ for children and young people in educational research Roseanna Bourke
1. Accountability through access, authenticity and advocacy when researching with young children Bronwen Cowie and Elaine Khoo
2. Ethical dilemmas of youth participatory action research in a democratic setting Dana Mitra and Paul McCormick
3. A sociocultural analysis of the ethics of involving children in educational research Roseanna Bourke, Judith Loveridge, John O’Neill, Bevan Erueti and Andrew Jamieson
4. Listening ethically to indigenous children: experiences from India Pallawi Sinha
5. Towards an ethic of cultural responsiveness in researching Māori and Tongan children’s learning in everyday settings John O’Neill, Margaret Foster, Lesieli Kupu MacIntyre, Sarika Rona and Latai Tu’ulaki Sekeni Tu’imana
6. Using interactive nonfiction narrative to enhance competence in the informed consent process with 3-year-old children Fiona Mayne, Christine Howitt and Léonie J. Rennie
7. Exploring the ethical issues related to visual methodology when including young children’s voice in wider research samples Kate Wall
8. Ethical issues in listening to young children in visual participatory research Daniela S. Jadue Roa