Now in its fourth edition, this leading introduction to ethnography has been thoroughly updated and substantially rewritten. The volume offers a systematic introduction to ethnographic principles and practice, and includes a new chapter on ‘Ethnography in the Digital World’.
The authors argue that ethnography is best understood as a reflexive process. This requires recognition that social research is part of the world that it studies, and demands that researchers reflect on how they shape both data and analysis. Starting in Chapter One with an outline of the principle of reflexivity, against the background of competing research philosophies, the authors go on to discuss the main features of ethnographic work, including:
the process of data analysis and writing research reports
There is also consideration of the ethical issues involved in ethnographic research. Throughout, the discussion draws on a wide range of illustrative material from classic and more recent studies, within a global context. The new edition of this popular textbook will be an indispensable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for researchers utilizing ethnographic methods in the social sciences, and beyond.
1. What is Ethnography?
2. Research Design: Problems, Cases, and Samples
4. Field Relations
5. Oral Accounts and the Role of Interviewing
6. Documents and Other Artefacts, Real and Virtual
7. Ethnography in the Digital World
8. Recording and Organizing Data
9. The Process of Analysis
10. Writing Ethnography