Ethnography: Principles in Practice, 4th Edition (Paperback) book cover

Ethnography

Principles in Practice, 4th Edition

By Martyn Hammersley, Paul Atkinson

Routledge

320 pages | 2 B/W Illus.

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Paperback: 9781138504462
pub: 2019-04-29
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Hardback: 9781138504455
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Description

Now in its fourth edition, this leading introduction to ethnography has been thoroughly updated and substantially rewritten. The volume offers a systematic introduction to ethnographic principles and practice, and includes a new chapter on ‘Ethnography in the Digital World’.

The authors argue that ethnography is best understood as a reflexive process. This requires recognition that social research is part of the world that it studies, and demands that researchers reflect on how they shape both data and analysis. Starting in Chapter One with an outline of the principle of reflexivity, against the background of competing research philosophies, the authors go on to discuss the main features of ethnographic work, including:

  • the selection and sampling of cases
  • the problem of access
  • field relations and observation
  • interviewing
  • the use of documents
  • recording and organising data
  • the process of data analysis and writing research reports

There is also consideration of the ethical issues involved in ethnographic research. Throughout, the discussion draws on a wide range of illustrative material from classic and more recent studies, within a global context. The new edition of this popular textbook will be an indispensable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for researchers utilizing ethnographic methods in the social sciences, and beyond.

Table of Contents

Prologue

1. What is Ethnography?

2. Research Design: Problems, Cases, and Samples

3. Access

4. Field Relations

5. Oral Accounts and the Role of Interviewing

6. Documents and Other Artefacts, Real and Virtual

7. Ethnography in the Digital World

8. Recording and Organizing Data

9. The Process of Analysis

10. Writing Ethnography

11. Ethics

Epilogue

About the Authors

Martyn Hammersley is Emeritus Professor of Educational and Social Research at The Open University, UK. He has carried out research in the sociology of education and the sociology of the media. However, much of his work has been concerned with the methodological issues surrounding social enquiry. He has written several books, including Reading Ethnographic Research (1997), The Politics of Social Research (1995), Educational Research, Policymaking and Practice, (2002), Questioning Qualitative Inquiry (2008), The Myth of Research-Based Policy and Practice (2013), The Limits of Social Science (2014), and The Radicalism of Ethnomethodology (2018).

Paul Atkinson is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Cardiff University, UK. His current interests include the ethnography of craft and the craft of ethnography. His most recent books include For Ethnography (2015), Thinking Ethnographically (2017) and Writing Ethnographically (2019). He is currently an editor of the SAGE Foundations of Social Research Methods. Together with Sara Delamont he was founding editor of the journal Qualitative Research.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC005000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Customs & Traditions
SOC026000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General