Illuminating, through ethnographic inquiry, how individual agents "make" language policy in everyday social practice, this volume advances the growing field of language planning and policy using a critical sociocultural approach. From this perspective, language policy is conceptualized not only as official acts and documents, but as language-regulating modes of human interaction, negotiation, and production mediated by relations of power.
Using this conceptual framework, the volume addresses the impacts of globalization, diaspora, and transmigration on language practices and policies; language endangerment, revitalization, and maintenance; medium-of-instruction policies; literacy and biliteracy; language and ethnic/national identity; and the ethical tensions in conducting critical ethnographic language policy research. These issues are contextualized in case studies and reflective commentaries by leading scholars in the field.
Ethnography and Language Policy extends previous work in the field, tapping into leading-edge interdisciplinary scholarship, and charting new directions. Recognizing that language policy is not merely or even primarily about language per se, but rather about power relations that structure social-linguistic hierarchies, the authors seek to expand policy discourses in ways that foster social justice for all.
Table of Contents
Foreword, Courtney Cazden
ENTRY INTO CONVERSATION
Introducing Ethnography and Language Policy, Teresa L. McCarty
ETHNOGRAPHY AND LANGUAGE POLICY CASES AND CONTEXTS, PART I
1. Critical Ethnography and Indigenous Language Survival – Some New Directions in Language Policy Research and Praxis, Teresa L. McCarty
2. "How Are You Hopi if You Can’t Speak It?" – An Ethnographic Study of Language as Cultural Practice among Contemporary Hopi Youth, Sheilah E. Nicholas
3. Diaspora Communities, Language Maintenance, and Policy Dilemmas, A. Suresh Canagarajah
4. Reconstructing Ethnography and Language Policy in Colonial Namibian Schooling: Historical Perspectives on St. Mary’s High School at Odibo, Rodney Hopson
INTERLUDE – COMMENTARIES ON PART I
Language Ideologies, Ethnography, and Ethnology: Directions in Anthropological Approaches to Language Policy, Perry Gilmore
Language, Globalization, and the State: Issues for the New Policy Studies, James Collins
ETHNOGRAPHY AND LANGUAGE POLICY CASES AND CONTEXTS, PART II
5. International Migration and Quichua Language Shift in the Ecuadorian Andes, Kendall A. King and Marleen Haboud
6. Exploring Biliteracy in Mäori-Medium Education: An Ethnographic Perspective, Richard Hill and Stephen May
7. U.S. Latinos and the Learning of English: The Metonymy of Language Policy, Mary Carol Combs, Norma González, and Luis C. Moll
8. Critical Perspectives on Language-in-education Policy: The Corsican Example, Alexandra Jaffe
9. Languages, Texts, and Literacy Practices: An Ethnographic Lens on Bilingual Vocational Education in Wales, Marilyn Martin-Jones
10. Researching-Texting Tensions in Qualitative Research: Ethics in and around Textual Fidelity, Selectivity, and Translations, Vaidehi Ramanathan
SYNTHESIS AND DISCUSSION
The Ethnography of Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger and David Cassels Johnson
About the Contributors
Teresa L. McCarty is the Alice Wiley Snell Professor of Education Policy Studies, Professor of Applied Linguistics, and Co-Director of the Center for Indian Education at Arizona State University.
"Overall, I find that McCarty offers an illuminating selection of examples of ethnographic research along with reflections on that research. The contributors to Ethnography and Language Policy provide a nuanced view of issues surrounding ethnography and language policy. I highly recommend this book."—Education Review
"Well written and accessible to educated readers without a background in the subject. Recommended."—Choice