Exposure Analysis  book cover
1st Edition

Exposure Analysis

ISBN 9781566706636
Published October 26, 2006 by CRC Press
552 Pages 132 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Written by experts, Exposure Analysis is the first complete resource in the emerging scientific discipline of exposure analysis. A comprehensive source on the environmental pollutants that affect human health, the book discusses human exposure through pathways including air, food, water, dermal absorption, and, for children, non-food ingestion.

The book summarizes existing definitions of exposure, dose, and related concepts and provides the mathematical framework at the heart of these conceptual definitions. Using secondhand smoke as an example, the book illustrates how exposure analysis studies can change human behavior and improve public health. An extensive section on air pollutants considers volatile organic compounds (VOCs), carbon monoxide (CO), fine and ultrafine particles, and the latest personal air quality monitors for measuring individual exposure. Another detailed section examines exposures to pesticides, metals such as lead, and dioxin that may occur through multiple routes such as air, food, and dust ingestion. The book explores important aspects of dermal exposure such as the absorption of volatile organic compounds while showering or bathing and exposure through multiple carrier media. The authors describe quantitative methods that have been validated for predicting the concentrations in enclosed everyday locations, such as automobiles and rooms of the home. They also discuss existing laws and examine the relationship between exposure and national policies.

Defining the new field of exposure analysis, this book provides the basic tools needed to identify sources, understand causes, measure exposures, and develop strategies for improving public health.

Table of Contents

Exposure Concepts

Exposure Analysis: A Receptor-Oriented Science, W.R. Ott
Basic Concepts and Definitions of Exposure and Dose, V. Zartarian, W. Ott, and N. Duan
Probability-Based Sampling for Human Exposure Assessment Studies, R. Whitmore


Inhalation Exposure, Uptake, and Dose, A.R. Ferro and L.M. Hildemann
Personal Monitors, L. Wallace
Exposure to Carbon Monoxide (CO), P. Flachsbart
Exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), L.A. Wallace and S.M. Gordon
Exposure to Particles, L.A. Wallace and K. Smith
Exposure to Secondhand Smoke, J.L. Repace
Intake Fraction, J.D. Marshall and W.W. Nazaroff

Dermal Exposure

Dermal Exposure, Uptake, and Dose, A.C. Ferguson, R.A. Canales, and J.O. Leckie
Dermal Exposure to VOCs while Bathing, Showering, or Swimming, L.A. Wallace and S.M. Gordon


Ingestion Exposure, P.B. Ryan

Multimedia Exposure

Exposure to Pollutants from House Dust, J.W. Roberts and W. Ott
Exposure to Pesticides, R.G. Lewis
Exposure to Dioxin and Dioxin-Like Compounds, D.J. Stralka and H.A. Ball
Biomarkers of Exposure, L. Wallace


Mathematical Modeling of Indoor Air Quality, W. Ott
Modeling Human Exposure to Air Pollution, N.E. Klepeis
Models of Exposure to Pesticides, R.A. Canales and J.O. Leckie


Environmental Laws and Exposure Analysis, A.C. Steinemann and N.J. Walsh

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“… is a new textbook  about a new field of science, the science of measuring, understanding, and predicting how humans are exposed to a variety of toxic chemicals through multiple pathways. … It covers exposure concepts, routes of exposure, multi-media pathways, mathematical models, and ends with an analysis of current policies. The reference list is extensive and up to date. This book is a must-have reference for scientists, teachers, graduate students, and non-profit staff members working in the field of toxic chemicals and human exposures. … One of the most useful aspects of the book is the large number of case studies or examples that are presented by the various authors. … I strongly recommend this book and only wish that I had it years ago.”
—Philip Dickey, in Washington Toxics Coalition, Vol. 26, No. 2, Spring 2007