1st Edition

Failure Analysis of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

Edited By Richard B. Eckert, Torben Lund Skovhus Copyright 2022
    515 Pages 248 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Failure Analysis of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion serves as a complete guide to corrosion failure analysis with an emphasis on the diagnosis of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). By applying the principles of chemistry, microbiology, and metallurgy, readers will be able to reliably determine the mechanistic cause of corrosion damage and failures and select the appropriate methods for mitigating future corrosion incidents.


    • Provides background information on the forensic process, types of data or evidence needed to perform the analysis, industrial case studies, details on the MIC failure analysis process, and protocols for field and lab use
    • Presents up-to-date advances in molecular technologies and their application to corrosion failure investigations
    • Offers specific guidelines for conducting MIC failure analyses and case studies to illustrate their application
    • Examines state-of-the-art information on MIC analytical tools and methods

    With authors with expertise in microbiology, corrosion, materials, and failure investigation, this book provides tools for engineers, scientists, and technologists to successfully combat MIC issues.

    Part I: Introduction

    1. History of Failure Analysis for Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

    Thomas R. Jack

    2. Review and Gap Analysis of MIC Failure Investigation Methods in Alberta’s Oil and Gas Sector

    A.A. Abilio, J. Wolodko, Richard B. Eckert, and Torben Lund Skovhus

    3. A Practical Approach to Corrosion Failure Analysis

    Richard B. Eckert

    4. Analytical Methods for MIC Assessment

    Torben Lund Skovhus and Richard B. Eckert

    5. Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Mechanisms

    Jason S. Lee, Treva T. Brown, and Brenda J. Little

    6. Iron to Gas: The Mechanisms behind Methanogen-Induced Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (Mi-MIC) and Their Importance for the Industry and Infrastructure

    Sherin Kleinbub, Annie Biwen An-Stepec and Andrea Koerdt

    Part II: MIC Failure Analysis Case Studies

    7. Failure Investigation of a Leak in the Offshore Water Injection System

    Torben Lund Skovhus, Øystein Bjaanes, Bjarte Lillebø, and Jo-Inge Lilleengen

    8. Failure Analysis for Internal Corrosion of Crude Oil Transporting Pipelines

    Mohita Sharma, Trevor Place, Nicolas Tsesmetzis, and Lisa M. Gieg

    9. Failure Analysis of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in Storage Tanks Containing B20 Biodiesel

    Bradley S. Stevenson, Blake W. Stamps, James G. Floyd, Caitlin L. Bojanowski, and Wendy J. Goodson

    10. Elemental Sulfur Corrosion: A Case Study

    Katherine M. Buckingham and Richard B. Eckert

    11. MIC Investigation of Stainless Steel Seal Ring Corrosion Failure in a Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) Vessel

    L.L. Machuca, T. Pojtanabuntoeng, S. Salgar-Chaparro, E. Suarez, B. Kinsella, and A. Darwin

    12. Failure Analysis of Tubing in an Electrical Submersible Pump Well

    A. Harmon, K. Crippen, and S. Leleika

    13. Pitting Biocorrosion in Internal Pipeline Welds

    Vitor Liduino, João Payão-Filho, Márcia Lutterbach, and Eliana Sérvulo

    14. Impact of Metallurgical Properties on Pitting Corrosion in a High-Pressure Seawater Injection Pipeline

    Recep Avci, Joseph M. Suflita, Gary Jenneman, and David Hampton

    15. Appearance of MIC in Well-Flowlines Producing from a Sour Reservoir

    Amer Jarragh, Sandip Anantrao Kuthe, Akhil Jaithlya, Farah Al-Tabbakh, and Israa Mohammad

    Part III: MIC in Other Engineered Systems

    16. Failure Analysis of Pipe in a Fire Suppression System

    A. Harmon, K. Crippen, and S. Leleika

    17. Analysis of Field Observations of Severe MIC of FPSO Mooring Chains

    Robert E. Melchers and Tim Lee

    18. MIC in the Fire Water Sprinkler System at St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim, Norway

    H. Parow, R. Johnsen, and Torben Lund Skovhus

    19. Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in Fire Protection Systems: A Material Problem or a Problem of Microbial Activity?

    N. Noël-Hermes and J.W. Klijnstra

    Part IV: MIC Failure Analysis Processes and Protocols

    20. Determining the Root Cause for Corrosion Failures

    Susmitha Purnima Kotu, Katherine M. Buckingham, and Richard B. Eckert

    21. MIC Sampling Strategies

    T. Zintel

    22. Microbiological Sampling and Preservation for Evaluating Microbial Communities in Oilfield and Other Biological Samples Using Molecular Microbiological Methods

    Natalie M. Rachel and Lisa M. Gieg

    23. Implications of Sampling and Chemistry

    Kelly A. Hawboldt, Christina S. Bottaro, Abdulhaqq Ibrahim, Mahsan Basafa, and Angham Saeed

    24. Workflow of Transportation, Sampling, and Documentation of Topsides Pipework with a Leak from an Offshore Oil Platform

    Torben Lund Skovhus

    25. Standards for MIC Management in Engineered Systems

    Torben Lund Skovhus and Richard B. Eckert

    26. Standard Operating Procedures for Sampling Onshore and Offshore Assets for Genomic, Microbial and Chemical Analyses and/or Experiments

    Lisa M. Gieg, Mohita Sharma, Tesfa Haile, Kelly A. Hawboldt, Christina S. Bottaro, Ali Modir, Kathleen Duncan, Trevor Place, Richard B. Eckert, Torben Lund Skovhus, Jennifer Sargent, Thomas R. Jack, and Nuno Fragoso


    Richard B. Eckert is Senior Principal Specialist in the Corrosion Management group at DNV in Dublin, Ohio, USA. Much of his work is focused on MIC diagnosis and mitigation in the oil and gas industry in which he has worked for over 40 years.

    Torben Lund Skovhus is Docent & Project Manager at VIA University College and CEO at Skovhus BioConsult in Horsens, Denmark. He undertakes applied research on a range of aspects including: industrial microbiology, applied biotechnology, corrosion management, oilfield microbiology, water treatment and safety, reservoir souring, and microbial corrosion.