Fairness and ethicality have been at the center of the debates on the appropriate use of educational tests since the 1960s. Particularly in high-stakes contexts, it is clear that fairness should be a major concern to both the test developers, and to those being tested, given that the fairness of a test is so intertwined with its validity.
Fairness Issues in Educational Assessment aims to shed more light on the issue and bring to sight some of the ways in which test fairness can be addressed. The contributions, written by some of the most prominent figures in educational assessment, address both theoretical and practical aspects of test fairness. The wealth of ideas presented here will be valuable to novice researchers and help them appreciate both the joy and complexity of conducting fair educational measurement.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Educational Research and Evaluation.
Introduction Hossein Karami and Magdalena M.C. Mok
1. Ongoing issues in test fairness Gregory Camilli
2. A "conditional" sense of fairness in assessment Robert J. Mislevy, Geneva Haertel, Britte H. Cheng, Liliana Ructtinger, Angela DeBarger, Elizabeth Murray, David Rose, Jenna Gravel, Alexis M. Colker, Daisy Rutstein and Terry Vendlinski
3. The unfairness of equal treatment: objectivity in L2 testing and dynamic assessment James P. Lantolf and Matthew E. Poehner
4. The quest for fairness in language testing Hossein Karami
5. Decisions that make a difference in detecting differential item functioning Stephen G. Sireci and Joseph A. Rios
6. Identifying differential item functioning in multi-stage computer adaptive testing Mark J. Gierl, Hollis Lai and Johnson Li
7. Assessing statistical aspects of test fairness with structural equation modelling Rex B. Kline
8. The formalization of fairness: issues in testing for measurement invariance using subtest scores Dylan Molenaar and Denny Borsboom
9. Generalizability theory and the fair and valid assessment of linguistic minorities Guillermo Solano-Flores and Min Li