Fairness in Educational Assessment and Measurement: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Fairness in Educational Assessment and Measurement

1st Edition

Edited by Neil J. Dorans, Linda L. Cook


312 pages

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The importance of fairness, validity, and accessibility in assessment is greater than ever as testing expands to include more diverse populations, more complex purposes, and more sophisticated technologies. This book offers a detailed account of fairness in assessment, and illustrates the interplay between assessment and broader changes in education. In 16 chapters written by leading experts, this volume explores the philosophical, technical, and practical questions surrounding fair measurement.

Fairness in Educational Assessment and Measurement addresses issues pertaining to the construction, administration, and scoring of tests, the comparison of performance across test takers, grade levels and tests, and the uses of educational test scores. Perfect for researchers and professionals in test development, design, and administration, Fairness in Educational Assessment and Measurement presents a diverse array of perspectives on this topic of enduring interest.

Table of Contents


Foreword – B. Plake

  1. Introduction – Neil J. Dorans and Linda L. Cook
  2. Part I: Ensuring Fairness in Test Design, Construction, Administration and Scoring

  3. Fairness in Test Design and Development – Michael J. Zieky
  4. Maintaining Fairness Through Test Administration – James A. Wollack & Susan M. Case
  5. Fairness in Test Scoring – Randall D. Penfield
  6. Fairness in Score Interpretation – Jinghua Liu & Neil J. Dorans
  7. Commentary on Ensuring Fairness in Test Design, Construction, Administration and Scoring – Sandip Sinharay
  8. Part II: Assessing the Fairness of Comparisons under Divergent Measurement Conditions

  9. The Fairness of Comparing Test Scores Across Different Tests or Modes of Administration – Mary Pommerich
  10. Comparing Test Scores across Grade Levels – Katherine E. Castellano and Michael J. Kolen
  11. Testing Individuals in Special Populations – Elizabeth A. Stone and Linda L. Cook
  12. Comparing Scores from Tests Administered in Different Languages – Stephen G. Sireci, Joseph A. Rios, and Sonya Powers
  13. Commentary on the Assessment of the Fairness of Comparisons under Divergent Measurement Conditions – David Thissen
  14. Part III: Perspectives on Fair Assessment

  15. Fairness Using Derived Scores – Edward Haertel and Andrew Ho
  16. Legal Aspects of Test Fairness – Susan E. Phillips
  17. Philosophical Perspectives on Fairness in Educational Assessment – Rebecca Zwick and Neil J. Dorans
  18. Commentary on "Perspectives on Fair Assessment" – Frank C. Worrell
  19. The Implications of Societal Changes for Fairness Assessment – Neil J. Dorans and Linda L. Cook

About the Editors

Neil J. Dorans is in the Center for Statistical and Psychometric Theory and Practice in the Research & Development division at Educational Testing Service, where he has worked since 1979. Recipient of the NCME Career Award in 2010, he has been concerned with fairness for test takers for decades, developing procedures for the quantitative assessment of fairness at both the item and score levels.

Linda L. Cook, President of the NCME in 2011-2012, was employed at Educational Testing Service in Princeton, NJ from 1978 until she retired in 2010. While at ETS, she served as Vice President of the Assessment Division and Executive Director of the SAT testing program. Improving the fairness of inferences made from assessments remains a major professional focus for her, particularly in the area of accessibility.

About the Series


The NCME Applications of Educational Measurement and Assessment series includes edited volumes designed to inform research-based applications of educational measurement and assessment. Edited by leading experts, these books are comprehensive and practical resources on the latest developments in the field.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
EDUCATION / Testing & Measurement
PSYCHOLOGY / Cognitive Psychology