Flexibility and Design: Learning from the School Construction Systems Development (SCSD) Project, 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Flexibility and Design

Learning from the School Construction Systems Development (SCSD) Project, 1st Edition

By Joshua D. Lee


181 pages | 61 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2018-12-17
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pub: 2018-12-07
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This book questions flexibility as a design approach by providing a longitudinal analysis of an innovative architectural experiment called the School Construction Systems Development (SCSD) project. The SCSD pioneered the use of performance specifications to create an open, prefabricated, and integrated system of building components that provided four modes of flexibility. Educational facilities throughout California used the SCSD system and it spawned a variety of similar projects throughout North America. This book traces the development and subsequent use of the system over 50 years through archival research, personal observations, re-photography, re-surveying, plan evaluations, interviews, and an advertisement analysis. These new findings provide useful insights for architects, educators, historic preservationists, and others about the affordances of spatial flexibility, the difficulties associated with technological transfer, the impact of unstable market conditions, the importance of user input during the planning process, and the need for long-term social relations to sustain architectural experiments.

Table of Contents

1. The Problem of Change. 2. Flexible Schools and the SCSD. 3. The SCSD Revisited. 4. Post-SCSD Flexible Learning Environments. 5. From Flexible Hybrids to Protean Systems. Index.

About the Author

Joshua D. Lee is an Assistant Professor in the Carnegie Mellon School of Architecture. His research interests include sustainable design, adaptable architecture, systems-based architecture, public interest design, post-occupancy evaluation, educational facilities, and qualitative and computational analysis of architectural language. He completed his Ph.D. in Architecture, Master of Architecture, and Master of Sustainable Design at the University of Texas at Austin. He also served as a Lecturer and Assistant Director of the Restoration Institute at Clemson University and as a licensed architect has worked at SOM-NY, SHW Group/Stantec-Austin, and Davis Wince designing educational facilities and a wide array of other project types. He currently also heads the Protean Design Collaborative, a non-profit design consultancy currently focused on sustainable, self-sufficient housing. He lives in Pittsburgh with his wife, Bridget, and his two children, Tivon and Kaia Pax.

About the Series

Routledge Research in Architecture

The Routledge Research in Architecture series provides the reader with the latest scholarship in the field of architecture. The series publishes research from across the globe and covers areas as diverse as architectural history and theory, technology, digital architecture, structures, materials, details, design, monographs of architects, interior design and much more. By making these studies available to the worldwide academic community, the series aims to promote quality architectural research.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
ARCHITECTURE / History / General
ARCHITECTURE / Buildings / Public, Commercial & Industrial