This book intends to familiarise the reader with the political and sociological thought of Florestan Fernandes, covering the range of his research themes and socialist militancy between the 1940s and 1990s.
Considered the founding father of sociology in Brazil, Florestan Fernandes’ work is essential for an understanding of the historical and political dilemmas of Brazilian and Latin American societies. His main themes encompass research on folklore, indigenous peoples, race relations between blacks and whites, sociological theory, education, underdevelopment, dependence, Latin American dictatorships and the Brazilian “re- democratization” after 1980, providing a new interpretation of Latin America from the point of view of the lumpen social strata.
Following Mannheim’s inspiration, the present work is inserted in the field of sociology of knowledge. It takes an original approach to the ideas of Florestan Fernandes based on the notion of a lumpen thought style. This book is a key resource for readers learning about the history of the social sciences in Latin America, and about the political dilemmas of Latin American societies.
Lists of figures
Series editor foreword by Adrian Scribano
PART I: From the lumpen social environment to the University of São Paulo
1 The lumpen style of thought
2 The trajectory of Florestan Fernandes at the University of São Paulo (USP)
3 Sociology in Latin America or Latin American sociology?
PART II: The construction of Florestan Fernandes’ critical sociology: From Brazilian “social dilemmas” to the category of “dependent capitalism” in Latin America
4 The construction of “critical and militant sociology”: From folklore to race relations
5 Sociology of development, sociological theory and education: The social sciences Latin Americanization in the 1950s and 1960s
6 The “committed sociology” and the Latin American intellectual networks of Florestan Fernandes: Struggles around public education, underdevelopment and dependent capitalism
PART III: Brazil and Latin America in a socialist perspective: Racial dilemma, dependent capitalism and bourgeois autocracy
7 The Latin American Marxism of Florestan Fernandes (1970– 1995)
8 A new social theory of Brazil and Latin America: The lumpen perspective of Florestan Fernandes
By way of conclusion: The renaissance of critical and militant sociology