This module on focusing on form in language instruction provides novice and experienced instructors with pedagogical techniques to help second language learners acquire formal elements of an L2. Taking the position that the development of a linguistic representation requires input, the pedagogical interventions presented in this module—textual enhancement, structured input, and dictogloss—all work with meaning-bearing input in some way. These techniques aim to increase the likelihood that learners focus on aspects of language that are useful or necessary for building mental representation. The module also discusses how explicit information may play a supporting role in helping learners process input.
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Focusing on Form in Language Instruction, Overview, Mental Representation and Input, Reflection, Quiz, Pedagogical Interventions, Summary and Conclusion