FROM THE PREFACE
The purpose of this laboratory manual is to facilitate the understanding of the most relevant unit operations in food engineering. The first chapter presents information on how to approach laboratory experiments; topics covered include safety, preparing for a laboratory exercise, effectively performing an experiment, properly documenting data, and preparation of laboratory reports. The following eleven chapters cover unit operations centered on food applications: dehydration . . . . , thermal processing, friction losses in pipes, freezing, extrusion, evaporation, and physical separations. These chapters are systematically organized to include the most relevant theoretical background pertaining to each unit operation, the objectives of the laboratory exercise, materials and methods . . ., expected results, examples, questions, and references. The experiments presented have been designed for use with generic equipment to facilitate the adoption of this manual . . . .
Table of Contents
1. Planning Experiments 2. Friction Losses Determination in a Pipe 3. Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient Determination 4. Thermal Processing of Foods: Part I. Heat Penetration 5. Thermal Processing of Foods: Part II. Lethality Determination 6. Freezing of Foods 7. Drying of Foods: Part I. Tray Drying 8. Drying of Foods: Part II. Spray Drying 9. Drying of Foods: Part III. Freeze Drying 10. Extrusion of Foods 11. Evaporation 12. Physical Separations
Barbosa-Canovas, Gustavo V.; Ma, Li; Barletta, Blas J.