1st Edition

Food and Nutrition Security in Southern African Cities

Edited By Bruce Frayne, Jonathan Crush, Cameron McCordic Copyright 2018
    208 Pages 75 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    222 Pages 75 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Urban population growth is extremely rapid across Africa and this book places urban food and nutrition security firmly on the development and policy agenda. It shows that current efforts to address food poverty in Africa that focus entirely on small-scale farmers, to the exclusion of broader socio-economic and infrastructural approaches, are misplaced and will remain largely ineffective in ameliorating food and nutrition insecurity for the majority of Africans.

    Using original data from the African Food Security Urban Network’s (AFSUN) extensive database it is demonstrated that the primary food security challenge for urban households is access to food. Already linked into global food systems and value chains, Africa’s supply of food is not necessarily in jeopardy. Rather, the widespread poverty and informal urban fabric that characterizes Africa’s emerging cities impinge directly on households’ capacity to access food that is readily available. Through the analysis of empirical data collected from 6,500 households in eleven cities in nine countries in Southern Africa, the authors identify the complexity of factors and dynamics that create the circumstances of widespread food and nutrition insecurity under which urban citizens live. They also provide useful policy approaches to address these conditions that currently thwart the latent development potential of Africa’s expanding urban population.

    1. Introduction: Divorcing Food and Agriculture: Towards an Agenda for Urban Food Security Research

    Jonathan Crush, Bruce Frayne and Cameron McCordic

    2. Alternative Food Networks in the Global South

    Gareth Haysom

    3. Measuring Urban Food Security

    Cameron McCordic and Bruce Frayne

    4. Food Supply and Urban-Rural Links in Southern African Cities

    Bruce Frayne and Jonathan Crush

    5. Migration and Urbanization: Consequences for Food Security

    Abel Chikanda, Jonathan Crush and Bruce Frayne

    6. Urban Social Protection and Food Systems: Lessons from South Africa

    Gareth Haysom and Issahaka Fuseini

    7. Gender and Food Security: Household Dynamics and Outcomes

    Liam Riley and Alexander Legwegoh

    8. Farming in the City: the Role of Urban Agriculture

    Jonathan Crush, Daniel Tevera and Alice Hovorka

    9. Nutrition, Disease and Development: Long-wave Impacts of Food Insecurity

    Bruce Frayne, Jonathan Crush and Milla McLachlan

    10. The Triple Burden of HIV, TB and Food Insecurity

    Mary Caesar and Jonathan Crush

    11. Untangling Infrastructure Access, Housing Informality and Food Security Among Poor Urban Households in Southern Africa

    Cameron McCordic and Bruce Frayne

    12. The ‘Supermarketization’ of Food Supply and Retail: Private Sector Interests and Household Food Security

    Jonathan Crush and Bruce Frayne

    13. Beyond AFSUN: Future Research Directions and Challenges for Urban Household Food Security

    Jonathan Crush, Bruce Frayne and Cameron McCordic


    Bruce Frayne is Associate Professor of International Development and currently serves as the Director of the School of Environment, Enterprise and Development (SEED) in the University of Waterloo’s Faculty of Environment, Canada.

    Jonathan Crush holds the CIGI Chair in Global Migration and Development at the Balsillie School of International Affairs in Waterloo, Canada, and is an Honorary Professor at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.

    Cameron McCordic is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Balsillie School of International Affairs at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Canada.