Food as Medicine: Functional Food Plants of Africa, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Food as Medicine

Functional Food Plants of Africa, 1st Edition

By Maurice M. Iwu

CRC Press

384 pages | 26 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-12-01
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Description

This comprehensive book documents African plants used for functional and medicinal foods. It contains more than 60 detailed monographs of African foods, describing foods with various characteristics such as prebiotic, probiotic, satiety, immune modulation, stress-reduction, sports performance, mental acuity, sleep-supporting, metabolic syndrome, antioxidant, and unsaturated fats. Plant description, botanical names and synonyms, plant part used, habitat and distribution, folk use, nutritional content, and chemistry are all fully detailed. The book highlights indigenous African food processing technologies up to the modern era.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO AFRICAN FUNCTIONAL FOODS

Foods, Phytochemicals, and Nutraceuticals: The New Health Imperative

Phytonutrients: Nature’s Own Medicine

How Do Phytochemicals Work

How Do We Get Enough Phytochemicals

Raw versus Cooked Food

Low Consumption of Animal Protein

Gluten-Free African Food Plants

African Functional Foods in Commerce

Glossary

References

Historical Introduction: The Role of Dietary Plants in Traditional Medical Care in Africa

References

Major Nutraceuticals of African Origin

Introduction

Polyphenols

β-Carotene

Phytosterols and Phytostanols

Catechin

Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate

Resveratrol

Proanthocyanidins

Tocotrienols

Ubiquinone

Essential Oils

Glucosinolates and Isothiocyanates

5-Hydroxy-l-Tryptophan

Dietary Fiber

References

Modern Trends in the Use of Functional Food Plants of Africa

Introduction

Polyherbal Formulations as Bioenhancers

Use of Nanoparticles to Enhance Bioavailability

African Fermented Foods

Fruit and Vegetable Smoothies

References

FUNCTIONAL FOODS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF CERTAIN DISEASES

Oxidative Stress, Plant Antioxidants, and Health

Introduction

Alzheimer’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease

Sources of Antioxidants in Foods

References

Effect of Phytonutrients on Chronic Inflammatory Diseases and Aging

Introduction

Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases

Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Culinary Herbs and Spices

Inflammation and Aging

References

Digestive System Dysfunction: Dietary Interventions

Introduction

Gut Microbiota

Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Symbiotic

Gut and Immune System

Gastrointestinal Information Exchange System

Functional Foods, Gut Health, and Diseases

Maintenance of Optimum Gut Health

References

Functional Foods and Phytonutrients in Diabetes Management

Introduction

Functional Foods

Fiber-Rich Diets in the Prevention of Diabetes and Obesity

Polyherbal Formulations

Problem with Sugars: Health Implications of High-Fructose Corn Syrup

References

Dietary Supplements in Cancer Prevention and Management

Introduction

Functional Foods with Chemoprotective Properties

Aloin and Related Aloe Compounds

Green Tea

Cocoa Polyphenols

References

MONOGRAPHS

Monographs of Major African Functional Foods

Introduction

Alligator Pepper, Grains of Paradise

Aloe Vera

Cape Aloe

Aridan

Balanites: Desert Date

Bambara Groundnut

"How to Eat It"—Taken from FAO

Dumplings

Baobab

Bissap: Zobo

Bitter Kola

Bitter Leaf

Boscia

Buchu

Bush Cane

Bush Mango: Ogbono

Cacao: Cocoa

Calabash Nutmeg

Cashew

Value-Added Products from Cashew

Clove

Coconut

Coffee

Cowpea: Black-Eye Bean

Egyptian Chamomile: Msolo

Enset

Ethiopian Pepper

False Nutmeg

Fenugreek

Frankincense: Olibanum

Garden Egg: African Eggplant

GarlicGinger

Globe Artichoke: Cardoon

Gnetum: Eru, Okazi

Gongronema: UtaziGriffonia

Guava

Guinea pepper

Gum Arabic

Honeybush Tea

Indian Ginseng

Kidney Bean

Kinkeliba

Kola Nut

Cola Nitida

Lemongrass

Locust Bean

Marama: Morama Bean

Marula

Mondia: White’s Ginger

Moringa: Horseradish Tree

Myrrh

Nutmeg Tree

Okra

Palm Tree

Pawpaw: Papaya

Pigeon Pea

Red Pepper

Cayenne Pepper

Rooibos

Scent Leaf

Ocimum suave

Ocimum sanctum

Sesame Seed: Benniseed

Shea Butter Tree

Sisal

Sorghum: Guinea Corn

(African) Star Apple

Tamarind

Tigernut

Trichilia

Turmeric

Ugu: Fluted Pumpkin

Velvet Bean: Lacuna Bean

Wild Olive

References

About the Author

Maurice M. Iwu (M. Pharm., Ph.D. Bradford) was a Professor of Pharmacognosy at the University of Nigeria Nsukka, and a Senior Research Associate at the Division of Experimental Therapeutics of Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington D.C. He is the President of Bioresources Development Group (BDG), an African-based independent biosciences research and development organization that cultivates, processes and produces medicines and cosmetics from natural products.

He is a member of the Board of Directors of Neimeth International Pharmaceuticals Plc (formerly Pfizer Nigeria). He is the founder and chairman of Bioresources Development and Conservation Programme (BDCP), Bioresources Institute of Nigeria (BION), Intercedd Health Products (IHP) and the International Centre for Ethnomedicine and Drug Development (InterCEDD). He was the Vice President, Research and Development at Tom’s of Maine. Prof. Iwu has received many academic and professional honors, including the World Health Organization (WHO) Visiting Scholar at the Dyson Perrins Laboratory, University of Oxford (1980), Fulbright Senior Scholar Award (Ohio State University, Columbus Ohio and the Department of Chemistry, Columbia University, New York (1983); Senior Research Scholar Award, U.S. National Research Council, Washington D.C. (1993 – 1995) and the Richard Schultz International Prize for Ethnobiology (1999). Commendation and tribute at the United States House of Representative, 106th Congress (2002). He was awarded the Doctor of Letters degree (Honoraris Causa) of Imo State University, Nigeria (2009).

He has presented over 300 scientific papers, published more than 200 research articles and is the author of four books, including the highly cited "Handbook of African Medicinal Plants" (First Edition 1994; Second Edition 2014) published by CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. He is the Series Editor of the Elsevier Science Series "Advances in Phytomedicine". He is also a member of the Editorial Board of several international scientific journals. He has a number of patents to his credit. He is a member of the Treatment Research Group (TRG) on Ebola virus disease established by the Nigeria’s Federal Ministry of Health, Clinical Trial Technical Working Group (CT-TWG) of the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) of Nigeria, and the African Regional Standards Organization ARSO) Committee for the Harmonization of Standardization of Traditional Medicines and Medicinal Plants.

About the Series

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED060000
MEDICAL / Nutrition
SCI011000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
TEC012000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Food Science