Football Fandom, Protest and Democracy: Supporter Activism in Turkey, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Football Fandom, Protest and Democracy

Supporter Activism in Turkey, 1st Edition

By Dağhan Irak


181 pages | 1 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780367249717
pub: 2019-05-02
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pub: 2019-05-08
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Football Fandom, Protest and Democracy offers an in-depth and inside approach to the socio-political history of football in Turkey, where fandom is often revered as part of the national identity, presenting the historical context for football events in the country.

Based on original research, the book explores the complex political processes at play in modern Turkey and deepens our understanding of fandom, fan activism and protest movements, questioning all presuppositions about the society and football fandom in Turkey. In particular, it examines the role of football fans in the pro-democracy Gezi Protests of 2013, the history of football in Turkey, the sociology of middle-classes and the transformation of football in the country.

Interdisciplinary in nature, this book is a valuable resource for scholars and students of sports sociology, popular culture studies, Turkish studies and media studies.

Table of Contents


1. A Socio-Historical Context of Football in Turkey

2. Football in the Ottoman Empire

3. Football in the New Republic of Turkey (1923-1960)

4. A New Political Paradigm (1960-1980)

5. Hyper-Commodification of Football in Turkey

6. Football During the AKP Period (2002 - …)

7. Gezi Matters

8. Virtually Among the Fans


About the Author

Daghan Irak is Lecturer-Researcher at Aix-Marseille University, France teaching Geopolitics, History, Media and Popular Culture. He is also Research Fellow at the MédiaLab of Sciences Po Paris, France. He previously worked as a live Commentator for Eurosport TV channel.

About the Series

Critical Research in Football

The Critical Research in Football book series was launched in 2017 to showcase the inter- and multi-disciplinary breadth of debate relating to 'football'. The series defines 'football' as broader than association football, with research on rugby, Gaelic and gridiron codes also featured. Including monographs, edited collections, short books and textbooks, books in the series are written and/or edited by leading experts in the field whilst consciously also affording space to emerging voices in the area, and are designed to appeal to students, postgraduate students and scholars who are interested in the range of disciplines in which critical research in football connects. The series is published in association with the Football Collective,

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / World / Middle Eastern
SPORTS & RECREATION / Sociology of Sports