This book takes a close look at discrimination in football in order to illuminate our understanding of the interaction between sport and wider society, politics and culture, particularly in terms of the (re)production of identity.
It presents insightful and diverse international case studies, including the shadow of fascism in Italian football; fan activism against racism, sexism, and homophobia in US soccer; migrant football clubs in Germany, and the use of football club history in the teaching of antisemitism. Together they demonstrate the damaging societal consequences of unchecked resentment and discrimination in football fan cultures but also the potential for fan activism as a socio-positive force.
This is fascinating reading for anybody with an interest in football or fandom, the sociology of sport, cultural studies, or political science.
Pavel Brunssen and Stefanie Schüler-Springorum
Part I: Prologue
1 Collective Identity and Forms of Abuse and Discrimination in Football Fan Culture: A Case Study on Antisemitism
Part II: Ressentiment
2 The Image of the “Judenklub” in Interwar European Soccer: Myth or Reality?
3 The Sociopolitical Roots of Antisemitism Among Football Fandom: The Real Absence and Imagined Presence of Jews in Polish Football
Jacek Burski and Wojciech Woźniak
4 Antisemitism in German Football Since the 1980s
5 Antisemitic Ressentiment-Communication Directed at RB Leipzig in German Football Fan Culture: The Third Other
Part III: Identity
6 Self-Directed Racialized Humor as In-Group Marker Among Migrant Players in a Professional Football Team: “Dude, Just Draw the Racist Card!”
7 Racism and Interethnic Conflict in Amateur Football: The Case of Migrant Sport Clubs in Germany
8 Struggling to Belong in the Face of Otherness: The Atlanta Fútbol Club of Buenos Aires
Part IV: (Anti-)discrimination
9 Appealing to a Common Identity: The Case of Antisemitism in Dutch Football
Joram Verhoeven and Willem Wagenaar
10 Eintracht Frankfurt Fans and the Museum: Football History, Remembrance Culture, and the Fight Against Antisemitism
Matthias Thoma and Martin Liepach
11 A Comment on Several Specific Aspects of Remembrance and Education Projects in Football
12 The Twofold American Exceptionalism in Soccer Fandom: Anti-Discriminatory Activism Among Organized Soccer Supporters in the United States
Part V: Epilogue
13 What Is It About Association Football – the Arrogantly Self-Appointed ‘Beautiful Game’ - That Renders Most (Though Not All) of Its Fan Cultures So Ugly?
Andrei S. Markovits