Forensic Anthropology: 2000 to 2010, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Forensic Anthropology

2000 to 2010, 1st Edition

Edited by Sue Black, Eilidh Ferguson

CRC Press

428 pages

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pub: 2011-02-07
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Description

Advances in our ability to analyse information from skeletal remains and subsequent developments in the field of forensic anthropology make it possible to identify more victims of homicides, mass-fatality disasters, and genocide. Summarizing the vast collection of international literature that has developed over the past decade, Forensic Anthropology: 2000 to 2010 explores critical themes fundamental to this evolving topic. A superior supplemental text for any physical anthropology or archaeology class, this volume provides an ideal starting point for advanced exploration and more detailed analysis of select areas. Each chapter presents an overview of the theme under discussion, identifies present trends in research, and suggests areas in which future research could be developed.

Topics discussed include:

  • Age determination in juveniles and adults
  • Sex, race, and ancestry determination
  • Stature determination
  • Dental and facial identification
  • Skeletal trauma and bone pathology
  • Taphonomy and comparative osteology
  • Identification from soft tissues

Heavily referenced, each chapter contains extensive bibliographies that facilitate further study. The scope of the book’s coverage and the careful presentation of meticulous research make it an essential resource for those seeking deeper exploration of this growing field.

Reviews

Forensic Anthropology: 2000 to 2010 is an edited text produced by members of the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification at the University of Dundee. All major aspects of the subject are covered in the 12 chapters, each of which provide a brief summary and then, most valuably, continued with a list of references published during the last ten years on each topic. Each chapter was initially written by honours students in forensic anthropology and then revised and edited with the cooperation of a specialist member of staff. Thus this is an extremely useful edited reference text, written largely by students, for students, who need up-to-date information for their studies in Forensic Anthropology.

—Louise Scheuer, Forensic Anthropologist and Honorary Chair, University of Dundee, and co-author of Developmental Juvenile Osteology

" … a carefully conceived, clearly organized, and well-executed volume. … the scope and diversity of references make Forensic Anthropology 2000 to 2010 a valuable resource for everyone in this field. … Whether your goal is to conduct research, look up a technique to use in a forensic case, or brush up on the latest developments in a particular area of forensic anthropology, this edited volume provides a quick and easy means of finding current and relevant information about lab-based forensic anthropology."

— Tracy L. Rogers, Ph.D., Department of Anthropology and Forensic Science Program, University of Toronto Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, in Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal

"This book will make a welcome addition to the forensic anthropology literature. It contains short and concise chapters with extensive referencing. … will no doubt be of use to both the student and the professional."

—Bernadette Manifold, Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology

Table of Contents

Age Determination in the Juvenile; K.Wood and Dr. C. A. Cunningham

Trends in the Literature

Skeletal Maturation

Skeletal versus Dental Age Assessment

Age Determination in the Adult; S. Purves, L. Woodley, and Ms. L. Hackman

Adult Age Determination

Ossification

The Skull

Dentition

Rib Morphology

Pelvis

Bone Histology

Sex Determination; C. Dawson, D. Ross, and Dr. X. Mallett

Sexing the Juvenile

Sexing the Adult

The Use of Geometric Morphometrics in Sex Assessment

Stature; K. Nicoll Baines, S. Edmond, and Dr. R. Eisma

The Fully Method

Body Proportions, Populations, and Statistics

Long-Bone Regression Methods

Non-Long-Bone and Body Part Regression Methods

Special Cases: Damaged or Juvenile Remains

Image-Based Methods

Race and Ancestry; E. Ferguson, N. Kerr, and Dr. C. Rynn

Race and the Human Genome

Race: Is It a Problem of Semantics?

Practicality

Ancestry and Craniometry

Postcranial Skeleton

Dental Identification; S. Carr, A. Maxwell, and Dr. S. McClure

Identification Problems Associated with Antemortem Dental Records

Identification Problems due to Esthetic Developments in Dentistry

Matching Antemortem and Postmortem Records: Problems Making

the Identification

A Special Postmortem Identification Challenge: Features of Burned

Dental Remains

Mass Casualty Identification Problems: The 2004 Asian Tsunami

Dental Labeling Systems

Bite Mark Evidence: The Debate

Skeletal Trauma; K. Davidson, C. Davies, and Dr. P. Randolph-Quinney

Blunt Force Trauma

Sharp Force Trauma

Ballistic Trauma

Explosive and Burning Trauma

Bone Pathology; N. Lockyer, I. Armstrong, and Prof. S. Black

Developmental, Growth-Related, Congenital, and Genetic Conditions

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis

Osteoarthritis, Degenerative Joint Disease, and Osteoporosis

Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis and Ankylosing Spondylitis

Sinusitis, Mastoiditis, and Conditions Related to the Ear, Nose, and Throat

Tuberculosis (and Leprosy)

Brucellosis

Treponemal Diseases

Rickets

Scurvy

Vascular Conditions and Anemia

Neoplasm

Heterotopic Calcifications

Taphonomy; J. Bristow, Z. Simms, and Dr. P. Randolph-Quinney

The Theoretical and Epistemological Bases of Forensic Taphonomy

The Application of Forensic Taphonomy: Postmortem Interval Estimation

Delving into the Detritusphere: The Cadaveric Human Island

Comparative Osteology; R. Gilchrist, S. Vooght, and Prof. R. Soames

Gross Morphology

Fragmented Remains

Other Methods of Identification: Cortical Bone Thickness

Identification from Soft Tissues; N. Archibald, L. Cullen, and Dr. J. Bikker

Personal Identification Using the Hand

Personal Identification Using the Lips

Personal Identification Using the Ear

Other Methods of Human Identification from the Soft Tissues

Facial Identification of the Dead; W.-J. Lee, S. Mackenzie, and Dr. C. Wilkinson

Manual 3D Facial Reconstruction

Computer Mediation and Virtual Reality Tools

Automated 3D Facial Reconstruction

Computer-Generated 3D Modeling

Accuracy of Forensic Facial Reconstruction

Assessment Methods for Accuracy Evaluation

Measurement of Facial Soft Tissue Thickness

Prediction of Facial Features

Craniofacial Superimposition

Postmortem Depiction

Index

About the Editors

Sue Black is a professor of anatomy and forensic anthropology and director of the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification at the University of Dundee. She is a founder and director of the Centre for International Forensic Assistance (CIFA), founder and past president of the British Association for Human Identification, and advisor to the Home Office on issues pertaining to disaster victim identification (DVI). She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute, and an honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. She was awarded an Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 2001 for her services to forensic anthropology in Kosovo, the Lucy Mair medal for humanitarian services in anthropology, and a police commendation in 2008 for DVI training.

Eilidh Ferguson was nominated to be coeditor for this text by her student peers. She graduated with a first-class honours bachelor of science degree in forensic anthropology from the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification at the University of Dundee. Eilidh served as class representative during her period of study at the university, and this is her first venture into publications.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science
SOC002020
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Anthropology / Physical