1st Edition

Forensic Anthropology
2000 to 2010




ISBN 9781439845882
Published February 7, 2011 by CRC Press
428 Pages

USD $125.00

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Preview

Book Description

Advances in our ability to analyse information from skeletal remains and subsequent developments in the field of forensic anthropology make it possible to identify more victims of homicides, mass-fatality disasters, and genocide. Summarizing the vast collection of international literature that has developed over the past decade, Forensic Anthropology: 2000 to 2010 explores critical themes fundamental to this evolving topic. A superior supplemental text for any physical anthropology or archaeology class, this volume provides an ideal starting point for advanced exploration and more detailed analysis of select areas. Each chapter presents an overview of the theme under discussion, identifies present trends in research, and suggests areas in which future research could be developed.

Topics discussed include:

  • Age determination in juveniles and adults
  • Sex, race, and ancestry determination
  • Stature determination
  • Dental and facial identification
  • Skeletal trauma and bone pathology
  • Taphonomy and comparative osteology
  • Identification from soft tissues

Heavily referenced, each chapter contains extensive bibliographies that facilitate further study. The scope of the book’s coverage and the careful presentation of meticulous research make it an essential resource for those seeking deeper exploration of this growing field.

Table of Contents

Age Determination in the Juvenile; K.Wood and Dr. C. A. Cunningham
Trends in the Literature
Skeletal Maturation
Skeletal versus Dental Age Assessment

Age Determination in the Adult;
S. Purves, L. Woodley, and Ms. L. Hackman
Adult Age Determination
Ossification
The Skull
Dentition
Rib Morphology
Pelvis
Bone Histology

Sex Determination;
C. Dawson, D. Ross, and Dr. X. Mallett
Sexing the Juvenile
Sexing the Adult
The Use of Geometric Morphometrics in Sex Assessment

Stature;
K. Nicoll Baines, S. Edmond, and Dr. R. Eisma
The Fully Method
Body Proportions, Populations, and Statistics
Long-Bone Regression Methods
Non-Long-Bone and Body Part Regression Methods
Special Cases: Damaged or Juvenile Remains
Image-Based Methods

Race and Ancestry;
E. Ferguson, N. Kerr, and Dr. C. Rynn
Race and the Human Genome
Race: Is It a Problem of Semantics?
Practicality
Ancestry and Craniometry
Postcranial Skeleton

Dental Identification;
S. Carr, A. Maxwell, and Dr. S. McClure
Identification Problems Associated with Antemortem Dental Records
Identification Problems due to Esthetic Developments in Dentistry
Matching Antemortem and Postmortem Records: Problems Making
the Identification
A Special Postmortem Identification Challenge: Features of Burned
Dental Remains
Mass Casualty Identification Problems: The 2004 Asian Tsunami
Dental Labeling Systems
Bite Mark Evidence: The Debate

Skeletal Trauma;
K. Davidson, C. Davies, and Dr. P. Randolph-Quinney
Blunt Force Trauma
Sharp Force Trauma
Ballistic Trauma
Explosive and Burning Trauma

Bone Pathology;
N. Lockyer, I. Armstrong, and Prof. S. Black
Developmental, Growth-Related, Congenital, and Genetic Conditions
Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis
Osteoarthritis, Degenerative Joint Disease, and Osteoporosis
Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis and Ankylosing Spondylitis
Sinusitis, Mastoiditis, and Conditions Related to the Ear, Nose, and Throat
Tuberculosis (and Leprosy)
Brucellosis
Treponemal Diseases
Rickets
Scurvy
Vascular Conditions and Anemia
Neoplasm
Heterotopic Calcifications

Taphonomy;
J. Bristow, Z. Simms, and Dr. P. Randolph-Quinney
The Theoretical and Epistemological Bases of Forensic Taphonomy
The Application of Forensic Taphonomy: Postmortem Interval Estimation
Delving into the Detritusphere: The Cadaveric Human Island

Comparative Osteology;
R. Gilchrist, S. Vooght, and Prof. R. Soames
Gross Morphology
Fragmented Remains
Other Methods of Identification: Cortical Bone Thickness

Identification from Soft Tissues;
N. Archibald, L. Cullen, and Dr. J. Bikker
Personal Identification Using the Hand
Personal Identification Using the Lips
Personal Identification Using the Ear
Other Methods of Human Identification from the Soft Tissues

Facial Identification of the Dead;
W.-J. Lee, S. Mackenzie, and Dr. C. Wilkinson
Manual 3D Facial Reconstruction
Computer Mediation and Virtual Reality Tools
Automated 3D Facial Reconstruction
Computer-Generated 3D Modeling
Accuracy of Forensic Facial Reconstruction
Assessment Methods for Accuracy Evaluation
Measurement of Facial Soft Tissue Thickness
Prediction of Facial Features
Craniofacial Superimposition
Postmortem Depiction

Index

...
View More

Editor(s)

Biography

Sue Black is a professor of anatomy and forensic anthropology and director of the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification at the University of Dundee. She is a founder and director of the Centre for International Forensic Assistance (CIFA), founder and past president of the British Association for Human Identification, and advisor to the Home Office on issues pertaining to disaster victim identification (DVI). She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute, and an honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. She was awarded an Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 2001 for her services to forensic anthropology in Kosovo, the Lucy Mair medal for humanitarian services in anthropology, and a police commendation in 2008 for DVI training.

Eilidh Ferguson was nominated to be coeditor for this text by her student peers. She graduated with a first-class honours bachelor of science degree in forensic anthropology from the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification at the University of Dundee. Eilidh served as class representative during her period of study at the university, and this is her first venture into publications.

Reviews

Forensic Anthropology: 2000 to 2010 is an edited text produced by members of the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification at the University of Dundee. All major aspects of the subject are covered in the 12 chapters, each of which provide a brief summary and then, most valuably, continued with a list of references published during the last ten years on each topic. Each chapter was initially written by honours students in forensic anthropology and then revised and edited with the cooperation of a specialist member of staff. Thus this is an extremely useful edited reference text, written largely by students, for students, who need up-to-date information for their studies in Forensic Anthropology.
—Louise Scheuer, Forensic Anthropologist and Honorary Chair, University of Dundee, and co-author of Developmental Juvenile Osteology

" … a carefully conceived, clearly organized, and well-executed volume. … the scope and diversity of references make Forensic Anthropology 2000 to 2010 a valuable resource for everyone in this field. … Whether your goal is to conduct research, look up a technique to use in a forensic case, or brush up on the latest developments in a particular area of forensic anthropology, this edited volume provides a quick and easy means of finding current and relevant information about lab-based forensic anthropology."
— Tracy L. Rogers, Ph.D., Department of Anthropology and Forensic Science Program, University of Toronto Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, in Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal

"This book will make a welcome addition to the forensic anthropology literature. It contains short and concise chapters with extensive referencing. … will no doubt be of use to both the student and the professional."
—Bernadette Manifold, Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology