From Computing to Computational Thinking: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

From Computing to Computational Thinking

1st Edition

By Paul S. Wang

Chapman and Hall/CRC

266 pages | 130 B/W Illus.

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Paperback: 9781482217650
pub: 2015-10-09
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pub: 2017-07-27
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Description

Computational Thinking (CT) involves fundamental concepts and reasoning, distilled from computer science and other computational sciences, which become powerful general mental tools for solving problems, increasing efficiency, reducing complexity, designing procedures, or interacting with humans and machines. An easy-to-understand guidebook, From Computing to Computational Thinking gives you the tools for understanding and using CT. It does not assume experience or knowledge of programming or of a programming language, but explains concepts and methods for CT with clarity and depth.

Successful applications in diverse disciplines have shown the power of CT in problem solving. The book uses puzzles, games, and everyday examples as starting points for discussion and for connecting abstract thinking patterns to real-life situations. It provides an interesting and thought-provoking way to gain general knowledge about modern computing and the concepts and thinking processes underlying modern digital technologies.

Table of Contents

Why Does the Chicken Cross the Road?

The Computer

Turing Machine

A Brief History of Computers

Software

Programming

Syntax and Semantics

Flowcharts

Algorithms

Pseudo Code

The Euclidean GCD Algorithm

Goals and How to Get There

Road Crossing

Bits, Bytes, and Words

Digital Computers

Binary Numbers

Positive and Negative Integers

Modular Arithmetic

Base Conversion

Characters

Editing Text

Data Output

True or False

Digital Electronic Circuits

Boolean Algebra

Decision Making

Logic Applied to Bits

Logic and Iteration

Who Is the Master?

What Is an Operating System?

Operating System Kernel

Open Source Software

Graphical User Interface

Desktop Overview

Are You Talking to Me?

Command-Line Interface

Files

Processes

Managing Tasks

Up and Running

Hello There!

What Is a Network?

The Internet

Local and Wide Area Networks

Internet Architecture

Wireless Networking

Networking Protocols

IP Addresses

Domain Names

Client and Server

Peer to Peer

DNS Service

DNS Servers and Resolvers

Domain Registration

Packet Switching

Cloud Computing

Home Sweet Homepage

What Is a Web Server?

Web Browsers

A Brief History of the Web

URLs

HTML and HTML5

Webpage Styling

Web Hosting

Dynamic Generation of Webpages

Client-Side Scripting

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

Website Development

Web Search Engines

Web Services

Standard Web Technologies

Keeping It Safe

Login

HTTPS and SSL/TLS

What is a Digital Certificate?

Cryptography

Public-Key Cryptography

RSA Public-Key Algorithm

Digital Signature

Message Digests

Secure Email

Security Attacks and Defenses

Solve That Problem

Solving Puzzles

Sorting

Recursion

Recursive Solution Formula

Tower of Hanoi

Eight Queens

General Backtracking

Tree Traversals

Complexity

Heuristics

Data Everywhere

Digital Images

Raster Image Encoding

Audio and Video

Digital Video

Format of Data and Files

Data Sharing

Document Markup

Data Compression

Data Structures

What Is a Database?

Protecting Personal Data

Get That App

Key Programs

Knowing Your Apps

Program Configuration and Customization

Process Cooperation

Machine Language Programs

Assembly Language Programs

High-Level Programs

Compilers

Software Development

Object-Oriented Programming

Object-Oriented Design

About the Author

Paul S. Wang, PhD, is professor of computer science at Kent State University, Ohio. He received his PhD from MIT. He has published 10 computer science textbooks, all of which have been well-received in the US and worldwide. Several have been translated into other languages.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MAT000000
MATHEMATICS / General
MAT025000
MATHEMATICS / Recreations & Games