1st Edition

Fundamentals of Port Engineering

By Koos Schoonees Copyright 2024
    440 Pages 127 Color & 50 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    440 Pages 127 Color & 50 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Port engineering primarily deals with the design, construction, operation, management, and maintenance of ports, overlapping with many other disciplines. This book provides an introductory text to prospective (graduate) port engineers and presents a wide variety of port subjects for practicing engineers. It covers almost all topics related to port engineering in a fundamental way, including dredging, marine aids to navigation, environmental issues, containers, liquid bulk, dry bulk, general cargo, multipurpose, roll-on/roll-off (Ro-Ro), fishing, and ferry terminals. Discussions are targeted at a conceptual design level.

    Other features:

    • Aspects of port engineering are discussed, including shipping, maritime trade, environmental aspects (such as climate change), resilience of ports, nature-based solutions, and port management (such as security, equipment, slurry pumping, and so forth).
    • Illustrates the design of port terminals.
    • Discusses site selection for a new port, the factors to be considered, and ways to compare different potential port sites.
    • Explores asset management and repair of marine structures.
    • Includes case studies from around the world, examples, and practical and user-friendly guidelines.

    1. Introduction

    1.1 Brief Overview of Port Engineering

    1.2 Aim

    1.3 Exclusions

    1.4 Layout of the book

    2. Ports, Shipping, and Maritime Trade

    2.1 General

    2.2 Port Description and Activities

    2.3 Cargo

    2.4 Shipping

    2.5 International Seaborne Trade

    3. Environmental Considerations

    3.1 General

    3.2 Environmental Assessment and Management

    3.3 Strategic Environmental Assessment

    3.4 Environmental Impact Assessment

    3.5 Sustainable Ports

    3.6 Climate Change

    3.7 Coastal Vulnerability and Adaptation Pathways

    3.8 Resilience of Ports

    3.9 Working-with-Nature Concept and Nature-Based Solutions

    4. Aspects of Port Management

    4.1 General

    4.2 Evolution of Ports

    4.3 Port Administration and Ownership

    4.4 Personnel Functions and Human Resources

    4.5 Port Performance

    4.6 Port Pricing

    4.7 Port Security

    5. Port Planning

    5.1 General

    5.2 Background to Port Planning

    5.3 Traditional Master Planning

    5.4 Adaptive Port Planning

    5.5 General Port Problems

    5.6 Examples of Traditional Master Plans

    6. Ship Motions, Channels, and Harbor Areas 

    6.1 General

    6.2 Forces on Ships

    6.3 Ship Motions and Mooring

    6.4 Navigation Channels

    6.5 Turning Circle

    6.6 Anchorage Area

    6.7 Harbor Basins and Berths

    6.8 Preliminary and Detailed Design of Water Areas

    6.9 Effects of Coastal Processes

    7. Port Equipment and Infrastructure

    7.1 General

    7.2 Cargo Handling Equipment for Marine Terminals

    7.3 Land Infrastructure

    8. Conceptual Design of Port Terminals

    8.1 General

    8.2 General Cargo and Multi-Purpose Terminals

    8.3 Container Terminals

    8.4 Dry Bulk Terminals

    8.5 Liquid Bulk Terminals

    8.6 Ro-Ro, Ferry, and Passenger Terminals

    8.7 Fishing Terminals and Harbors

    9. Marine Aids to Navigation

    9.1 General

    9.2 Regulatory Regime

    9.3 Basics of Optics and Lights

    9.4 Types and Applications of Marine Aids to Navigation

    10. Dredging

    10.1 General

    10.2 Basic Dredging Concepts

    10.3 Types of Dredges

    10.4 Dredging Equipment

    10.5 Breaking and Removal of Rock

    10.6 Slurry Pumping

    10.7 Use and Disposal of Dredged Material

    10.8 Typical Dredging Rates

    10.9 Dredge Types for Different Materials

    10.10 Physical Impacts of Dredging

    10.11 Dredging Plan and Choice of Dredge

    10.12 Sand Bypass Schemes

    11. Asset Management and Maintenance of Marine Structures

    11.1 General

    11.2 Asset Management for Infrastructure

    11.3 Basics of Concrete Durability and Corrosion

    11.4 Examples of Damaged Structures

    11.5 Repair of Marine Structures

    11.6 A Few Working Methods


    Koos Schoonees qualified as civil engineer at Stellenbosch University (SU), Stellenbosch, South Africa (SA) in 1978. He obtained a master’s degree and a Ph. D., both in coastal engineering at SU. He is a professional engineer at the Engineering Council of SA as well as a member of the World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructure (PIANC) and the SA Institution of Civil Engineering. He acted as reviewer for many journals.

    His career started at the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research in Stellenbosch. Later, he joined Entech, which became part of the worldwide WSP Group of consulting engineers. From 2015 to 2020, he occupied the Transnet National Ports Authority of South Africa (TNPA) Teaching Chair in Port and Coastal Engineering at SU as associate professor. He was responsible for the postgraduate training and supervision of port and coastal engineers. He retired in December 2021.

    Koos has over 40 years of experience. He worked as a consulting engineer, a researcher, and as an academic. He worked on port design (e.g. layout and container and dry bulk terminals), dredging, breakwaters (including stability, toe rock and scour), beach stability, shore protection, sizes of various types of ships, marinas, sand bypassing, marine outfalls, fenders, specialist studies for environmental impact assessments, beach improvement schemes, recurve seawalls, physical and mathematical modelling, and coastal zone management. Apart from numerous contract and research reports, Koos is the author and co-author of 31 scientific journal and conference papers.

    Koos has worked in numerous countries around the world (mainly in Southern Africa and the Middle East, where he was based in Abu Dhabi). He has undertaken study visits across the world.