Women faculty’s participation in academic science and engineering is critical for future US global competitiveness, yet their underrepresentation particularly in senior positions remains a widespread problem. To overcome persistent institutional resistance and barriers to change, the NSF ADVANCE institutional transformation initiative, instituted in 2001, seeks to increase the workforce participation of women faculty in academic science and engineering through systematic institutional transformation. This book assesses the equity, diversity and inclusion outcomes of the changes underway at 19 universities. It provides a comprehensive, stand-alone description of successful approaches to increase the recruitment, advancement and retention of women faculty throughout the academic career pipeline. The findings show that targeted institutional transformation at these 19 U.S. universities has resulted in significant increases in women faculty’s workforce participation, as well as improved gender equity and inclusion. Analyses by discipline show that the greatest changes have occurred within engineering and natural science disciplines at these universities. Yet the results also point to the overall continued underrepresentation of women faculty in academic science and engineering at the nation’s research universities. A framework of organizational change is derived to serve as a template to academic and other organizations seeking transformation to enhance gender equity, diversity and inclusion.
Table of Contents
1. Gender Equity and Institutional Transformation in Academic Science and Engineering 2. State of Knowledge about the Workforce Participation, Equity and Inclusion of Women in Academic Science and Engineering 3. Study Sample and Methods 4. Factors Facilitating Institutional Transformation 5. Institutional Transformation Initiatives 6. Institutionalization of Transformation 7. Gender Diversity Outcomes: Changes in the Academic Workforce Participation of Women Faculty in STEM 8. Equity and Inclusion Outcomes for Women Faculty in Science and Engineering 9. Gender Diversity (Workforce Participation) Outcomes by Discipline 10. Conclusions
Diana Bilimoria, Ph.D. is Professor of Organizational Behavior at the Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University. Dr. Bilimoria’s research focuses on gender and diversity in governance and leadership. She is a co-author of Handbook on Women in Business and Management and Women on Corporate Boards of Directors: International Research and Practice.
Xiangfen Liang is currently an independent researcher and consultant in the areas of high education and organizational behavior. She was a Senior Research Associate in the Department of Organizational Behavior at the Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University, US.