This book explores the role of gender in influencing war-fighting actors’ strategies towards the attack or protection of civilians.
Traditional narratives suggest that killing civilians intentionally in wars happens infrequently, and that the perpetration of civilian targeting is limited to aberrant actors. Recently, scholars have shown that both state and non-state actors target civilians, even while explicitly deferring to the civilian immunity principle. This book fills a gap in the accounts of how civilian targeting happens, and shows that these actors are in large part targeting women rather than some gender-neutral understanding of civilians. It presents a history of civilian victimization in wars and conflicts, and then lays out a feminist theoretical approach to understanding civilian victimization. It explores the British Blockade of Germany in World War I, the Soviet ‘Rape of Berlin’ in World War II, the Rwandan genocide, and the contemporary conflict in northeast Nigeria. Across these case studies, the authors lay out how gender is key to how war-fighting actors understand both themselves and their opponents, and therefore plays a role in shaping strategic and tactical choices. It makes the argument that seeing women in nationalist and war narratives is crucial to understanding when and how civilians come to be targeted in wars, and how that targeting can be reduced.
This book will be of much interest to students of critical security, gender studies, war studies and IR in general.
2. The Civilian and Civilian Victimization
3. Gender and Intentional Civilian Victimization
4. Starving Women, Emasculating Nation: The British Blockade in World War I
5. Marking German Defeat on Women’s Bodies: The Soviet Occupation of Berlin in 1945
6. Writing Genocide on Gendered Bodies: The Rwandan Genocide
7. Gendered Civilian Targetings in Conflict: Boko Haram in Nigeria
8. Conclusion: Gender, Civilian Victimization, and Gendered Targeting in Global Politics
The Routledge Studies in Gender and Security series looks to publish books at the intersection of gender studies, international relations, and Security Studies. It will publish a broad sampling of work in gender and security – from private military companies to world wars, from food insecurity to battlefield tactics, from large-n to deconstructive, and across different areas of the world. In addition to seeking a diverse sampling of substantive work in gender and security, the series seeks a diverse author pool – looking for cutting-edge junior scholars alongside more established authors, and authors from a wide variety of locations and across a spectrum of backgrounds.