Originally published in 1987. The perspectives, research methods and strategies adopted by researchers and teachers to investigate gender and education have been diverse and contradictory. This book provides an overview of developments and analyses the range of policy responses to the issues of sex inequality as well. Divided into six parts, the first indicates the range of feminist theories conceptualizing gender and provides context for the following parts on equality of opportunity; gender, power and schools; and studies on class, race and gender. The last parts explore how education and training provision in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries were shaped by assumptions about masculinity and femininity; and examine patterns of policy making on equal opportunities at teacher, local and national levels.
Table of Contents
Preface. Introduction Part 1: Conceptualizing Gender 1. Education for Equality Eileen M. Byrne 2. Patriarchy and the Universal Oppression of Women: Feminist Debates Hester Eisenstein 3. Gender and Class: Marxist Feminist Perspectives on Education Michele Barrett 4. Black Feminism and the Boundaries of Sisterhood Hazel V. Carby 5. The Sociology of Women’s Education as a Field of Academic Study Sue Middleton Part 2: Equality of Opportunity: Defining the Issues 6. Sex Differences in Achievement Orientations Barbara G. Licht and Carol S. Dweck 7. Gender and Curriculum Choice Teresa Grafton, Henry Miller, Lesley Smith, Martin Vegoda and Richard Whitfield 8. Gender Bias and Test Norms in Educational Selection Harvey Goldstein 9. The Construction of Masculine Science Alison Kelly Part 3: Gender, Power and Schools 10. Education: The Patriarchal Paradigm and the Response to Feminism Dale Spender 11. Dinosaurs in the Classroom – the ‘Hidden’ Curriculum in Primary Schools Katherine Clarricoates 12. Sex, Power and Pedagogy Valerie Walkerdine 13. The Structure of Sexual Relations in School Sue Lees Part 4: Class, Race and Gender: Structures and Ideologies 14. ‘All the Big Bosses are Men, All the Secretaries are Females’: Schooling Women Office Workers Linda Valli 15. Resistance and Responses: the Experiences of Black Girls in Britain Valerie Amos and Pratibha Palmer 16. Gender Relations in Secondary Schooling Sandra Kessler, Dean Ashenden, Bob Connell and Gary Dowsett 17. From Girls and Boys to Women and Men: The Social Reproduction of Gender Claire Wallace Part 5: Gender, Education Policy and Provision 18. Social Class, Education and Ideals of Femininity in the Nineteenth Century June Purvis 19. ‘Sex Antagonism’ in the Teaching Profession: Equal Pay and the Marriage Bar, 1910-39 Alison Oram 20. Gender Divisions, Training and the State Ann Wickham Part 6: Sex Equality and Education Policy 21. Political Lip-Service or Radical Reform? Central Government Responses to Sex Equality as a Policy Issue Madeleine Arnot 22. The Construction of Women and Black Students as Educational Problems: Re-Evaluating Policy on Gender and ‘Race’ Jenny Williams 23. Teachers and Gender Politics Gaby Weiner and Madeleine Arnot 24. Gender in the House of Policy David L. Kirp, Mark G. Yudof and Marlene Strong Franks