Geography in British Schools, 1885-2000 Making a World of Difference
This history charts how geography rose to popularity on a tide of imperial enthusiasms in Victorian time and made its way into many elementary schools in the latter half of the 19th century. Many geography lessons were not dominated by the rote-learning of "capes and bays" and some of the pioneers of the subject led the way in the use of models, visual aids and "object lessons" in schools.
The book explores Scott Keltie's report of 1886 as a catalyst for development. Despite the founding of the Geographical Association in 1893, the subject needed a series of concerted political campaigns in the early 20th centry to establish itself in the secondary sector. The growth of the regional approach, field-work and of sample studies expanded the subject between the world wars, before a major conceptual revolution invigorated and challenged teachers of the subject in the post-war period.
1: Introduction, 2. Travellers' Tales and Cosmography before 1850, 3. Capes and Bays- Millstones or Milestones? 1850-80, 4. Imperial Imperatives, 1880-1900, 5. The Struggle for Recognition, 1900-20, 6. Field-Days, 1920-40, 7. Regions and the Road to Ennui, 1940-60, 8. The New Model Army, 1960-75, 9. Radical Responses, 1975-85, 10. The Notion of a National Curriculum, 1985-90, 11. The Butcher, the Baker, the Curriculum Fudge-Maker, 1990-2000, 12. Geography -The Way Ahead, 2000-.