Marine social and ecological systems around the world face multiple natural and anthropogenic stressors associated with global change. The resulting changes can create hardship for local societies that depend on them for food, livelihoods and wellbeing. Knowing how to respond to global change in a timely and appropriate manner is increasingly occupying the attention of researchers, policy makers, decision makers and practitioners around the world.
Written by an international group of researchers from the natural and social sciences, Societal and governing responses to Global Change in Marine Systems analyses and appraises societal and governing responses to change, highlighting and explaining similarities and distinctions between successful, and less successful, responses. The authors present "I-ADApT", an analytical framework that enables decision makers to consider possible responses to global change, based on experiences elsewhere. Within this volume, I-ADApT is applied to 20 enlightening case studies covering a wide range of marine systems that have been challenged by critical global change issues around the world.
Introducing innovative research to work towards a range of possible responses to global change, Societal and governing responses to Global Change in Marine Systems will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as postdoctoral researchers and practitioners interested in fields such as: Environment & Natural Resources, Marine Resources and social sciences.
"This book fills a gaping hole and comes at just the right time. Pulling together experience from a diverse set of examples – from around the globe, across scales and cultures – it provides a quick reference guide for managers and others interested in dealing with the effects of global change on marine socioecological systems. This is the kind of go-to guide that will see us jump from simply identifying problems to doing something about it and finding our way to robust solutions."
—Beth Fulton, Research Group Leader Ecosystem Modelling and Risk Assessment, CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere; Adjunct Professor Centre of Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania
"This is a brave, important attempt to deal with uncertainty in global fisheries. Using case studies from around the world, it seeks to come to grips with both the local and the global, generating a rich and sophisticated analysis that recognises the complexities inherent in global change for marine systems, their interdependent social systems and the range of governance behaviours that exist across the globe. Taking into account many aspects of the social-ecological systems involved (including such difficult issues as poverty, equity, gender, migration, power, biodiversity, for example) the authors make a compelling case for flexibility in the governance of social-ecological systems. They also make a convincing plea for a widely-informed context for scientific (including humanities and social sciences) research, through the use of a template that can point to strengths and weaknesses in such systems and hence provide guidance for policy makers as they wrestle with the seemingly intractable problems of marine ocean governance."
—Rosemary E. Ommer, Adjunct Professor, Departments of History and Geography, University of Victoria, and University Grantscrafter, Office of Research Services
"This unique and timely collection of case studies from many parts of the world has great value for people interested in how global change is affecting our marine ecological and social systems in ways that make them challenging to govern sustainably. While emphasizing on the importance of in-depth disciplinary perspectives, it also applies an innovative framework for cross-disciplinary analysis, which the governability of these systems requires. Thus, the book has important lessons for policy makers, management practitioners and academics alike."
—Svein Jentoft, Professor, Faculty of Bioscience, Fisheries and Economics, Norwegian College of Fishery Science, UiT The Arctic University of Norway
"Edited by leaders in the field of marine natural resource management, Global Change in Marine Systems: Societal and Governing Responses to gathers an impressive, international group of multidisciplinary researchers to demonstrate a novel analytical framework, ‘I-ADApT’. The rich case studies presented here will lead the way for anyone interested in truly addressing global change in our oceans. This important book synthesizes a vast amount of information and highlights lessons learned around the world. In doing so, it gives us the background, context and tools to confront some of the most pressing environmental issues of our time. The science presented here typifies the work that must be done to build sustainable healthy oceans for us and our grandchildren."
—Phillip Levin, Lead Scientist and Professor-of-Practice, The Nature Conservancy, Washington Field Office and University of Washington
List of contributors
Introduction: Societal and governing responses to global change in marine systems
Part1_Oyster farming systems under stress
Chapter 1_Oyster farming in Matsushima Bay, Japan
Chapter 2_Ocean acidification and Pacific oyster larval failures in the Pacific Northwest United States
Chapter 3_ Mass mortality of farmed oysters in France: bad responses and good results
Part 2_Vulnerable mixed fisheries
Chapter 4_ Fisheries in Indonesia between livelihoods and environmental degradation: Coping strategies in the Spermonde Archipelago, Sulawesi
Chapter 5_The Baltic Sea, the Baltic Sea Action Plan and the challenge of adaptiveness
Part 3_Coastal water quality issues
Chapter 6_The crisis management of Amvrakikos Gulf (W. Greece) massive fish mortality: Lessons learned from the handling of a 950 tons dead farmed fish biomass
Chapter 7_The crisis management of a Chatonella fish kill within the semi-enclosed embayment of Maliakos Gulf (CE Aegean Sea), Greece
Chapter 8_Clam harvesting in the Venice Lagoon, Italy
Chapter 9_The case study of the regional ICM system introduced voluntarily by the prefectural government in Omura Bay, Japan
Chapter 10_Conservation of the short-necked clam in Yokohama, Japan
Part 4_Overexploited and weakly governable fisheries
Chapter11_A Balancing Act: Managing Multiple Pressures to Fisheries and Fish Farming in Marilao-Meycauayan-Obando River System, Philippines
Chapter 12_Threats of extreme events to the Bangladesh Sundarbans: Vulnerabilities, responses and appraisal
Chapter 13_Transition and Development in the Jin-shanzui Fishing Village near Shanghai, China
Chapter 14_Climate variability, overfishing and transformation in the small pelagics sector in South Africa
Chapter 15_Oyster Fishery in Rappahannock River, Chesapeake Bay, USA, East coast
Chapter 16_ Local fisheries and land reclamation, The case of the Tokyo Bay Mantis Shrimp Fishery
Chapter 17_Natural, social and governance responses of a small-scale fishery to mass mortalities: the yellow clam Mesodesma mactroides in Uruguay
Chapter 18_The Degradation of Cameroon’s Mangroves: An Ignorance and/or Absence of a Legal and Regulatory Framework Issue
Part 5_Habitat restoration programs
Chapter 19_Social Responses to a Fishery-tourism Conflict in Onna Village, Okinawa, Japan
Chapter 20_Coral reef restoration in Sekisei Lagoon, Okinawa, Japan
Conclusion: Taking lessons from global change responses to advance governance and sustainable use of marine systems
List of Tables and Figures
List of abstracts