Globalisation, Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality addresses the global transformation of higher education in relation to changes in the labour market. It focuses on the relative impact of elements of globalisation on social inequality, and provides insights into the ways in which these general forces of change are transformed into specific policies shaped by global forces and the various national values, institutional structures and politics of the specified societies. The book begins with a theoretical conceptualization for a comparative understanding of globalization, higher education, labour markets and inequality. This is followed by a range of mainstream accounts from an international selection of contributors of the ways in which national systems have responded to the forces of globalisation and the increasing demand for higher education graduates – in Australia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Japan, New Zealand and the UK. Finally, contributors explore more specific concerns such as the transition from higher education to the labour market in China and Sweden, the division of the ‘knowledge’ workers into traditional social groups in the US, and the role and salience of Doctoral programmes in South Africa in developing a knowledge economy.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Education and Work.
Introduction Antonia Kupfer 1. Towards a Theoretical Framework for the Comparative Understanding of Higher Education, the Labour Market and Inequality Antonia Kupfer 2. Trajectories of higher education system differentiation: structural policy-making and the impact of tuition fees in England and Australia Colin McCaig 3. Educational reform, inequality and the structure of higher education in New Zealand Robert Strathdee 4. Why are higher education participation rates in Germany so low? Institutional barriers to higher education expansion Justin Powell and Heike Solga 5. Credential inflation and employment in ‘universal’ higher education: enrolment, expansion, and (in)equity via privatization in Japan Takehiko Kariya 6. Humboldt goes to the labour market: how academic higher education fuels labour market success in the Czech Republic Petr Pabian, Karel Sima and Lucie Kyncilova 7. Young people’s management of the transition from education to employment in the knowledge-based sector in Shanghai Qi Wang and John Lowe 8. The structure and silence of the cognotariat Christopher Newfield 9. Gender equality policies and higher education careers Caroline Berggren 10. Elusive equity in doctoral education in South Africa and international Competitiveness Chaya Herman