1st Edition

Handbook of Humidity Measurement Methods, Materials and Technologies, Three-Volume Set

    1376 Pages 1100 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    Methods and types of devices used for measuring humidity use different measurement principles, materials and varying configurations, making it difficult to compare capabilities. Data presented provides detailed information on types of humidity sensors accompanied by an analysis of their strengths and weaknesses, allowing for comparison and selection of the best method for specific applications. The first volume focuses on devices based on optical principles of measurement, the second volume focuses on electronic and electrical devices. Numerous strategies for the fabrication and characterization of humidity-sensitive materials and sensing structures are described throughout. The second volume  is entirely devoted to the consideration of different types of solid-state devices developed for humidity measurement. The third volume offers an analysis on various humidity sensitive materials and sensor technologies used in the fabrication of humidity sensors and methods acceptable for their testing.

    Volume I

    Table of Contents

    Chapter 1: Water, water vapors and humidity

    Chapter 2: Why do we need to control humidity?

    Chapter 3: Optical hygrometers

    Chapter 4: Atmosphere monitoring using methods of absorption of electromagnetic radiation. FTIR spectroscopy

    Chapter 5: Atmosphere monitoring using methods of absorption of electromagnetic radiation. Microwave absorption

    Chapter 6: GPS monitoring of atmospheric water vapour

    Chapter 7: Atmosphere monitoring using methods of absorption of electromagnetic radiation. THz absorption

    Chapter 8: LIDAR systems for atmosphere monitoring

    Chapter 9: Upper tropospheric and stratospheric water vapour control

    Chapter 10: Introduction in humidity measurement by optical and fiber-optic sensors

    Chapter 11: Optical and fiber-optic humidity sensors: General consideration

    Chapter 12: Absorption or colorimetric-based optical humidity sensors

    Chapter 13: Moisture indicators (3-1-2-1)

    Chapter 14: Refractometry-based optical humidity sensors

    Chapter 15: Luminescence (fluorescence)-based humidity sensors

    Chapter 16: Interferometric humidity sensors

    Chapter 17: Microfiber-based humidity sensors

    Chapter 18: Humidity sensors based on special fibers

    Chapter 19: Surface Plasmon resonance-based humidity sensors

    Chapter 20: Lossy mode resonance based humidity sensors

    Chapter 21: Ellipsometry-based humidity sensors

    Chapter 22. Design and fabrication of optical and fiber-optic humidity sensors

    Chapter 23: Integrated humidity sensors

    Chapter 24: Outlook: State of the art and future prospects of optical and fiber-optic sensors

    Volume II

    Table of contents

    Chapter 1: Introduction in electronic and electrical humidity sensors Chapter 2. Gravimetric method of humidity measurement

    Chapter 3: Mechanical (hair) hygrometer

    Chapter 4: Psychrometer

    Chapter 5: Chilled mirror hygrometer or mirror-based dew-point sensors

    Chapter 6: Heated salt-solution method for humidity measurement

    Chapter 7: Electrolytic or coulometric hygrometers

    Chapter 8: Humidity measurement based on Karl Fischer titration 

    Chapter 9: Other conventional methods of humidity measurementChapter 10: Сapacitance-based humidity sensors

    Chapter 11: Resistive humidity sensors

    Chapter 12: Gravimetric humidity sensorsChapter 13: Cantilever- and membrane-based humidity sensorsChapter 14: Thermal conductivity-based hygrometers

    Chapter 15: Field ionization humidity sensors

    Chapter 16: Humidity sensors based on thin film and field-effect transistorsChapter 17: Hetero-junction-based humidity sensors

    Chapter 18: Kelvin probe as a humidity sensorChapter 19: Solid state electrochemical humidity sensors

    Chapter 20: Microwave-based humidity sensors

    Chapter 21: Integrated humidity sensors

    Chapter 22: Humidity sensors on flexible substrate

    Chapter 23: Non-traditional approaches to humidity measurement

    Chapter 24: Summary and outlook

    Volume III

    Table of Contents

    Chapter 01 Polymers

    Chapter 02 Metal oxide in humidity sensors

    Chapter 03 Al2O3 as a humidity-sensitive material

    Chapter 04 Carbon-based materials

    Chapter 05 Semiconductor-based humidity sensors

    Chapter 06 Porous silicon

    Chapter 07 Mesoporous silica and its prospects for humidity sensor application

    Chapter 08 Aluminosilicate (zeolites) -based humidity sensors

    Chapter 09 Metal phosphate-based humidity sensitive materials

    Chapter 10 Black phosphorus and phosphorene based humidity sensors

    Chapter 11 Metal-organic framework-based humidity sensors

    Chapter 12 Supramolecular materials

    Chapter 13 Biomaterials as sensing elements of humidity sensors

    Chapter 14 Substrates and electrodes in humidity sensors

    Chapter 15 Fundamentals of microfabrication technologies

    Chapter 16 Micromachining platforms for humidity sensors and examples of their fabrication

    Chapter 17 Platforms and materials for QCM and SAW-based humidity sensors

    Chapter 18 Technologies suitable for fabrication of humidity sensing layers. General consideration

    Chapter 19 Polymer technologies

    Chapter 20 Synthesis of humidity-sensitive metal oxides. Powder technologies

    Chapter 21 Humidity sensors based on individual metal oxide 1D structures. Fabrication features and application prospects

    Chapter 22 Nanofiber-based humidity sensors and features of their fabrication

    Chapter 23 Humidity sensors based on metal oxide mesoporous-macroporous and hierarchical structures

    Chapter 24 Packaging, air cleaning and storage of humidity sensors

    Chapter 25 Humidity sensor selection and operation guide

    Chapter 26 Humidity sensors testing and calibration

    Chapter 27 Comparative analysis of humidity sensors and their advantages and shortcomings

    Chapter 28 Market of Electronic Humidity Sensors


    Ghenadii Korotcenkov earned his PhD in material sciences from the Technical University of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova in 1976 and his doctor of science degree (doctor habilitate) in physics from the Academy of Science of Moldova in 1990 (Highest Qualification Committee of the USSR, Moscow). He has more than 45 years of experience as a scientific researcher. For a long time, he has been the leader of the gas sensor group and manager of various national and international scientific and engineering projects carried out in the Laboratory of Micro- and Optoelectronics, Technical University of Moldova. His research has been receiving a financial support from international foundations and programs such as the CRDF, the MRDA, the ICTP, the INTAS, the INCO-COPERNICUS, the COST, and the NATO. From 2007 to 2008, he was an invited scientist in Korean Institute of Energy Research, Daejeon, South Korea. Then, until the end of 2017 Dr. G. Korotcenkov was a research professor at the School of Materials Science and Engineering at Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, South Korea. Currently Dr. G. Korotcenkov is the chief scientific researcher at the Department of Physics and Engineering at the Moldova State University, Chisinau, the Rep. of Moldova.

    Specialists from the former Soviet Union know Dr. G. Korotcenkov’s research results in the field of study Schottky barriers, MOS structures, native oxides, and photoreceivers on the basis of III–Vs compounds such as InP, GaP, AlGaAs, and InGaAs. His present scientific interests starting from 1995 include material science, focusing on the metal oxide film deposition and characterization, surface science, and the design of thin film gas sensors and thermoelectric convertors. These studies were carried out in cooperation with scientific teams from Ioffe Institute (St. Petersburg, Russia), University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, USA), Kiev State University (Kiev, Ukraine), Charles University (Prague, Czech Republic), St. Petersburg State University (St. Petersburg, Russia), Illinois Institute of Technology (Chicago, USA), University of Barcelona (Barcelona, Spain), Moscow State University (Moscow, Russia), University of Brescia (Brescia, Italy), Belarus State University (Minsk, Belarus), South-Ukrainian University (Odessa, Ukraine).

    Dr. G. Korotcenkov is either the author or editor of 39 books, including the 11-volume Chemical Sensors series published by the Momentum Press (USA), 15-volume Chemical Sensors series published by Harbin Institute of Technology Press (China), 3-volume Porous Silicon: From Formation to Application published by CRC Press (USA), 2-volume Handbook of Gas Sensor Materials published by Springer (USA), and 3-volume Handbook of Humidity Measurements published by CRC Press (USA). In addition, at present, Dr. G. Korotcenkov is a series’ editor of Metal Oxides series, which is being published by Elsevier. Starting from 2017, already 16 volumes have been published within the framework of that series.

    Dr. G. Korotcenkov is the author and coauthor of more than 600 scientific publications, including 30 review papers, 38 book chapters, and more than 200 articles published in peer-reviewed scientific journals (h-factor = 42 [Scopus] and h-factor = 51 [Google Scholar citation]).
    In the majority of publications, he is the first author. Besides, Dr. G. Korotchenkov is a holder of 17 patents. He has presented more than 250 reports at national and international conferences, including 17 invited talks. Dr. G. Korotcenkov was co-organizer of more than 10 international scientific conferences. His name and activities have been listed by many biographical publications, including Who’s Who. His research activities are honored by the Prize of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova for a significant contribution to the development of exact and engineering sciences (2019), an Award of the Supreme Council of Science and Advanced Technology of the Republic of Moldova (2004); Prize of the Presidents of the Ukrainian, Belarus, and Moldovan Academies of Sciences (2003); and National Youth Prize of the Republic of Moldova in the field of science and technology (1980), among others. Dr. G. Korotcenkov also received a fellowship from the International Research Exchange Board (IREX, United States, 1998), Brain Korea 21 Program (2008–2012), and Brainpool Program (Korea, 2007-2008 and 2015–2017).